is caring about the welfare and rights of others, feeling concern and empathy for them, and acting in ways that benefit others. Evidence suggests that prosociality is central to the well-being of social groups across a range of scales. 
are those aspects of the self that relate to the future: their aspirations, concerns, and views of what is likely to happen to them.
is the desire to evaluate one’s own behavior, abilities, expertise, and opinion by comparing them to others.
occurs when adolescents rely on generalized principles that underlie the behavior that they observe.
play a vital role in the behavior of a child. We learn moral behavior by being positively reinforced.
where these individuals integrate the two worlds
the notion that the well-being of the group is more important than that of the individual
a divide between adolescence and other periods of life that supposedly reflects profound differences in behavior, values, attitudes, lifestyle choices, and experiences.
the development and expression of independence
is a socialization process that is bidirectional; children socialize parents just as parents socialize children
describes a parenting situation where the parents are not in a marriage, cohabitation or sexual relationship with one another.
is a family group consisting of a father and mother and their children, who share living quarters.