A&P Art-Labeling - CH 6, 7,& 8

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vpilejr
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91534
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A&P Art-Labeling - CH 6, 7,& 8
Updated:
2011-06-21 21:11:59
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Bones skeletal joints anatomy
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Bones, joints, and skeletal system flash cards
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    • A. Long bone (humerus)
    • B. Irregular bone (vertebra)
    • C. Flat bone (sternum)
    • D. Short bone (talus)
  1. Stages of intramembranous ossification (up to week 8)
    • A. Ossification center appears in fibrous connective tissue
    • B. Bone matrix is secreted within the fibrous membrane
    • C. Woven bone and periosteum form
    • D. Lamellar bone replaces woven bone, and red marrow appears
  2. Endochondral ossification (week 9 thru adolescence)
    • A. Bone collar forms around hyaline cartilage model
    • B. Cartilage in center of diaphysis calcifies and develops cavities
    • C. Periosteal bud invades internal cavities and spongy bone begins to form
    • D. Diaphysis elongates and medullary cavity forms; secondary ossification centers appear in epiphyses
    • E. Epiphyses ossify; hyaline cartilage remains only in epiphyseal plates and articular cartilages
  3. Label the stages of long bone growth at the epiphyseal plate.
    • A. Proliferation (growth) zone - cartilage cells undergo mitosis
    • B. Hypertrophic zone - Older cartilage cells enlarge
    • C. Calcification zone - Matrix calcifies; cartilage cells dies; matrix starts deteriorating
    • D. Ossification (osteogenic) zone - New bone formation
  4. Long bone remodeling areas
    • A. Bone added by appositional growth
    • B. Bone absorbed
  5. Calcium homeostasis
    • A. Thyroid gland
    • B. Parathyroid glands
    • C. Release of parathyroid hormone
    • D. Osteoclasts degrade bone matrix and release of Ca2+ into blood
  6. Fracture healing
    • A. Hematoma forms
    • B. Fibrocartilaginous callus forms
    • C. Bony callus forms
    • D. Bone remodeling occurs
    • A. Squamous region
    • B. Zygomatic process
    • C. Mandibular fossa
    • D. External acoustic meatus
    • E. Mastoid process
    • F. Styloid process
  7. Ethmoid bone
    • A. Olfactory foramina
    • B. Crista galli
    • C. Cribriform plate
    • D. Perpendicular plate
    • E. Ethmoid sinuses
  8. Paranasal sinuses
    • A. Frontal sinus
    • B. Ethmoidal air cells
    • C. Sphenoid sinus
    • D. Maxillary sinus
    • A. Pedicle
    • B. Transverse process
    • C. Lamina
    • D. Spinous process
    • E. Body
    • A. Sacral canal
    • B. Body
    • C. Sacral foramina
    • D. Coccyx
    • A. True ribs
    • B. False ribs
    • C. Floating ribs
    • D. Xiphoid process
    • E. Costal cartilage
    • A. Transverse costal facet
    • B. Superior costal facet
    • C. Head of rib
    • D. Neck of rib
    • E. Shaft
    • A. Anterior fontanel
    • B. Posterior fontanel, superior view
    • C. Posterior fontanel, lateral view
    • D. Mastoid fontanel
    • E. Sphenoidal fontanel
    • A. Ligament
    • B. Joint cavity
    • C. Articular cartilage
    • D. Fibrous capsule
    • E. Synovial membrane
  9. Friction-reducing structures associated with synovial joints
    • A. Subacromial bursa
    • B. Tendon sheath
    • C. Joint cavity containing synovial fluid
    • D. Synovial membrane
  10. Movement
    • A. Flexion
    • B. Extension
    • C. Hyperextension
  11. Movement
    • A. Abduction
    • B. Adduction
    • C. Circumduction
    • D. Rotation
  12. Types of synovial joints
    • A. Plane joint
    • B. Hinge joint
    • C. Pivot joint
    • D. Condyloid joint
    • E. Saddle joint
    • F. Ball-and-socket joint

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