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2011-06-21 23:04:54
Humanities fiction

Humanities Fiction
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  1. ____________ created the character of Robinson Crusoe.
    Daniel Defoe. Born around 1660, the majority of Defoe�s writings focused on defending the High Church and the monarchy�-even when such defenses resulted in his being imprisoned by the very people he was trying to protect. At the age of sixty, he penned The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, which is considered the first English novel.
  2. _______________ wrote Gulliver�s Travels.
    Jonathan Swift. Gulliver�s Travels was written as a satire of human existence, another in a long line of his satirical pieces. Swift had previously written a pamphlet titled A Modest Proposal, proposing the children of the impoverished be sold and turned into kitchen tables. It is amusing to note that Gulliver�s Travels was later converted into a popular children�s book.
  3. A well-known American novelist, _____________ wrote The Scarlet Letter.
    Nathaniel Hawthorne. Most of his written work concerns evil and human morality, including The House of the Seven Gables, which deals with Puritanism.
  4. Author of Last of the Mohicans, ____________ grew to become a cynic of American society.
    James Fenimore Cooper. Last of the Mohicans is second in a group of novels called The Leatherstocking Tales, which begins with The Deerslayer. Most of his pieces involved mention of the failings of American democracy, including encroachment upon Native American land.
  5. Both an author and poet, ______________ wrote The Raven and The Fall of the House of Usher.
    Edgar Allen Poe. One of the most influential writers of all time, Poe�s work is eccentric yet compelling. He also wrote the short story The Masque of the Red Death and the poems The City in the Sea and Annabel Lee.
  6. A renowned American author, ____________�s greatest work was Moby Dick.
    Herman Melville. The hardships Melville faced as a whaler in his early twenties inspired a collection of novels based on the hardships faced at sea.
  7. _____________�s first published novels were Oliver Twist and Nicholas Nickleby.
    Charles Dickens. At age 12, he saw his father thrown in debtor�s prison and was made to work long, difficult shifts in a factory to support his family. This experience forever marked Dickens� life. Among his extensive collection of novels, Dickens also wrote A Tale of Two Cities, Great Expectations, David Copperfield, and A Christmas Carol.
  8. _____________�s real name was Samuel Clemens.
    Mark Twain. Considered the greatest American author of all time, Twain wrote The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, and The Prince and the Pauper.
  9. The English author _______________ wrote The Nigger of Narcissus, The Secret Agent, and Heart of Darkness.
    Joseph Conrad. Considering he did not learn English until well into his young adulthood, Conrad�s grasp of the language and lyrical prose is particularly inspiring. Frequently writing about the conflicts between Western and non-Western cultures, Conrad�s other works include the novella Youth and the novels Nostromo and Under Western Eyes.
  10. _______________ wrote Call of the Wild
    Jack London. A jack-of-all-trades during the Russo-Japanese War, London worked as everything from a news correspondent to an oyster gatherer. His stories largely deal with animals and nature, and Call of the Wild is considered one of the best pieces of animal literature in existence.
  11. The 1949 Nobel Prize Winner for Literature was _______________. Most of his novels are set in Yoknapatawpha county.
    William Faulkner. A Southern American novelist, he generously used symbolism throughout his novels, the most well-known of which include The Sound and the Fury, and As I Lay Dying.
  12. Born in 1896, ____________ and his wife Zelda became high society during the time of Prohibition after his first novels became smashing successes.
    F. Scott Fitzgerald. Much of Fitzgerald�s work is commentary on the boozing, wasteful lifestyle led by American high society�even as much as he yearned to be, and was, a part of that same culture. His storylines, particularly This Side of Paradise, are loosely based on his own life. Fitzgerald�s greatest works include The Great Gatsby, The Beautiful and the Damned, and Tender is the Night. He died with his last novel, The Love of the Last Tycoon, unfinished.
  13. The Irish writer _____________ wrote Ulysses, based largely on Homer�s Odyssey.
    James Joyce. Each chapter in Ulysses closely parallels one of Homer�s epics, although the novel has been reissued a number of times to correct somewhere near 5,000 mistakes. Joyce also published a short story collection called Dubliners and the book A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.
  14. _____________ won a Pulitzer Prize for The Grapes of Wrath.
    John Steinbeck. Not confined to just novels, Steinbeck�s literary portfolio includes a wide range of materials�from the literal account The Sea of Cortez to the folk piece The Short Reign of Pippin IV. His other novels include East of Eden and Winter of Our Discontent.
  15. One of _______________�s first novels was In Our Time, a collection of short stories.
    Ernest Hemingway. His other published works include The Sun Also Rises, The Torrents of Spring, A Farewell to Arms (the tragic love story between an EMT and a nurse in a time of war), and For Whom the Bell Tolls (about brotherhood in times of war).
  16. The ___________ sisters originally published their work as Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell.
    Bronte. Charlotte, Emily, and Anne Bronte�s identities were revealed after the publication of Charlotte�s Shirley, much to the public�s surprise.
  17. _________ Bronte wrote Agnes Grey and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall.
    Anne. Considered the least talented of the three Bronte sisters, her pieces on the tumultuous love stories of young women are still considered excellent contributions to literature.
  18. ____________, part of a three-sibling writing trio, wrote Jane Eyre
    Charlotte Bronte. Charlotte�s published works all explore the theme of a woman�s need for both love and independence.
  19. ___________ Bronte wrote Wuthering Heights.
    Emily. Wuthering Heights is a classic love story between Catherine Earnshaw and the Gypsy Heathcliff.
  20. _____________ did not publish Sense and Sensibility until she was in her late thirties, despite having finished the novel much earlier.
    Jane Austen. Writing books about high society ladies was Austen�s forte; her other works include Pride and Prejudice and Emma.
  21. A fan of stream of consciousness, ____________ wrote The Waves.
    Virginia Woolf. Along with writing from multiple consciousnesses, Woolf was also excellent at critical essays. Her finest works include The Common Reader and The Death of the Moth and Other Essays.
  22. Don Quixote is considered to be the first Western _________.
    Novel. Most any written work longer than a short story is today considered a novel, so long as it outlines a story (for example, a factual biography can be a novel, but a physics textbook would not qualify). Today�s novel is derived from both the imaginative time of the Renaissance, and the romantic influence of the Middle Ages.
  23. Note that Miguel Cervantes is credited with writing the first Western novel with Don Quixote, originally written in Spanish and published in 1605. However, the first English language novelist was Daniel Defoe who wrote Robinson Crusoe in 1719.
  24. John Bunyan�s Pilgrim�s Progress is a(n) _____________ of religious salvation.
    Allegory. When a story as a whole represents something else entirely through extensive use of symbolism, it is known as an allegory. Generally, the characters in an allegory lack personally defining characteristics, and instead exist to embody an emotion or virtue.
  25. ______ __________ reigned in Camelot and frequently consulted his court magician, Merlin, for guidance.
    King Arthur. The tale of Arthur has been written and modified innumerous times over the years, with the first recorded account being the poem Gododdin in 600 B.C. King Arthur�s legendary tales developed from Celtic mythology, and include other well-known characters Sir Launcelot, Guinevere (Arthur�s wife), and Sir Tristam.
  26. ______________�s second novel, The Red Badge of Courage trails a young man through the hardships of fighting in the Civil War.
    Stephen Crane. An American writer, Crane first published in 1893, and is widely known for his clever use of irony and paradox, as well as complete command of the English language. He also wrote short stories, including The Monster and Other Stories.
  27. A close confidant to Jean-Paul Satre, existentialist ____________�s most widely acclaimed work was The Second Sex.
    Simone de Beauvoir. A female French writer, her work stands out as excellently researched, mostly dealing with poor social conditions throughout the ages. She wrote All Men Are Mortal, The Mandarins, and The Blood of Others, and even edited Satre�s letters
  28. Asian-American author Amy Tan penned ______ ______ ______, a best-selling novel about the multi-generational struggles of an Asian family in America.
    Joy Luck Club. Tan�s novel is also known for the idea that acting as the opposite of your own mother means raising a new version of your mother-�many people�s worst nightmare. Her other novels include The Kitchen God�s Wife and The Hundred Secret Senses, both also about Asian-American struggles.
  29. A man�s lifelong, desperate pursuit for his one true love, Daisy, is chronicled in ________ _______.
    Great Gatsby. In F. Scott Fitzgerald�s novel (written for the enjoyment of his generation, and for the enjoyment of English students of generations to come) follows Jay Gatsby as he devotes his entire life to just being able to see Daisy one more time. Symbolism is used frequently in The Great Gatsby and is central to understanding the plot and connections between characters.
  30. The classic ________ ____________ is narrated by the orphan Pip, who goes on to fall for the beautiful Stella.
    Great Expectations. Written by Charles Dickens, one main theme of the novel is that one good deed can truly pay off in the end, when an escaped convict that young Pip aids later becomes his secret benefactor, allowing Pip to lead the life he so desires and be with Stella.
  31. Author of the novel The Sport of the Gods and the poetry collection Lyrics of Lowly Life, ____________ was the child of slave parents.
    Paul Laurence Dunbar. Dunbar also wrote short stories, including Folks from Dizie, about the lives of Southern black families, and even folk music.
  32. _____________ wrote The Martian Chronicles, which was made into a television miniseries in the 1980s.
    Ray Bradbury. A popular science fiction writer, Bradbury wrote The Martian Chronicles about the corruption of Martian society by greedy Earthlings. He also wrote short stories such as The Golden Apples of the Sun and Something Wicked This Way Comes.
  33. ____________ was known for her satirical writing style, particularly in the works The Oasis (1949) and The Group (1963).
    Mary McCarthy. While The Oasis was a satirical sketch of the Democratic party, The Group held nothing back and satirized the entire population. McCarthy�s other writings include Birds of America and Cannibals and Missionaries.
  34. The French writer ____________�s best works are thought to be The Haunted Pool and The Master Bell-Ringers.
    George Sand. A female author, she used this pseudonym (a modified version of Jules Sandeau, her close friend and co-worker) in place of Amandine Dupin, her given name. Her first novel was Rose et Blance, published in 1831, and other notable works include Indiana, Consuelo, and Francis the Waif.
  35. _____________ first began publishing Poor Richard�s Almanack.
    Benjamin Franklin. Known for doing many things throughout history, Franklin had a particular interest in newspapers�probably developed from his apprenticeship at the New England Courant from age 10. Poor Richard�s Almanack has become a staple of American society, with many of its sayings now seamlessly incorporated into daily speech. He later helped to frame the United States Constitution.
  36. _____________ is credited with authoring Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea.
    Jules Verne. A French science fiction writer, Verne�s other works include Journey to the Center of the Earth, Around the World in Eighty Days, and The Mysterious Island, among some fifty others.
  37. Alexandre Dumas wrote _____ ________ ____________, about three revolutionaries who bond together and save the King.
    The Three Musketeers. Dumas, a Frenchman, also wrote the sequel-�Twenty Years Later�-and The Count of Monte Cristo, later made famous by James O�Neill.
  38. The author of The Hunchback of Notre Dame is ______________.
    Victor Hugo. Hugo�s other great work is Les Miserables, which became a hit Broadway show some years later (Hunchback of Notre Dame, originally Notre Dame de Paris, was relegated to a children�s movie). Hugo was eventually exiled to Brussels for not supporting Napoleon III.
  39. Daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft, _____________ married her husband Percy, a poet, at the age of 16.
    Mary Shelley. She authored Frankenstein, her most well-known work, at the mere age of eighteen for a friendly contest over which of her friends could write the best ghost story.
  40. _____________ authored the first great feminist piece, A Vindication of the Rights of Women.
    Mary Wollstonecraft. She died days after giving birth to her daughter, Mary Shelley, who later went on to write Frankenstein. Wollstonecraft also wrote the radical (for its time) Thoughts on the Education of Daughters.
  41. Niccolo Machiavelli is thought to have based his written work _____ _________ on Cesare Borgia.
    The Prince. Machiavelli, an Italian and main player in the Renaissance movement, wrote The Prince as a guideline for which a prince could raise to-�and maintain-�power over his country. Essentially, the guidelines encourage tyranny and manipulation, which led to the development of the adjective Machiavellian, meaning immoral and power-hungry.
  42. ______________ published both The Tropic of Cancer and The Tropic of Capricorn.
    Henry Miller. An American author who usually left societal conventions behind when picking up his pen (most of his stories revolve around free sexuality and philosophical speculations), he almost did not publish his Tropic books because they were too obscene.
  43. When a story is told from the perspective of a character involved in the plotline, it is being told in _______ _________.
    First person. Alternatively, a story can be told in third-person, where an outside narrator explains the situation.
  44. Aldous Huxley�s _______ _____ _______ is similar to Orwell�s 1984 in that it takes place in a predicted future Big Brother society.
    Brave New World. Although not as prolific as 1984, Brave New World discusses ideas of government-mandated drugs (soma), a defined class system, and incubated unborn babies programmed to not question their chosen class and lifestyle.
  45. 1984 was written by ___________.
    George Orwell. Although much of the awe has been lost post-1984, it is important to note that Orwell wrote this book in 1949, yet accurately predicted such things as computers that did in fact come about in the 1980s. 1984 actually contributed to initial skepticism over the application of computers and other government programs, in fear that Big Brother was in fact taking over their lives. Orwell�s real name was Eric Blair.
  46. _______________ wrote Song of Solomon.
    Toni Morrison. One of the greatest African-American authors of all time, her other novels include Beloved, Sula, Tar Baby, and Jazz, all dealing with racial tensions in the South and the quest to understand family heritage.
  47. The Catcher in the Rye, depicting an impoverished school boy getting by on his wit alone, is an example of a ____________ work.
    Picaresque. Generated from Spain, picaresque pieces revolve around a character of low social status and their ability to overcome great odds through their own strength, usually comedically.
  48. The majority of _____________�s short stories involve the Glass family.
    J.D. Salinger. Best known for writing Catcher in the Rye, Salinger�s short story collections include Nine Stories, Franny and Zooey, and Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters.
  49. Cervante�s Don Quixote is a ___________ of chivalry.
    Parody. Don Quixote mocks, or parodies, the idea of a chivalrous romance. Many great poems and stories have been parodied over the years.
  50. __________ romances were usually horror stories set in medieval times.
    Gothic. Charlotte Bronte�s Jane Eyre is a Gothic romance, a genre originally influenced by the likes of Edgar Allen Poe and even Charlotte herself.
  51. A Lesson Before Dying was written by _____________.
    Ernest Gaines. This book is about a young black man sentenced to death by electrocution for a crime he did not commit�-and how his lawyer helps him to come to grips with taking his final breath.
  52. ___________ wrote A Tree Grows in Brooklyn.
    Betty Smith. A Tree Grows in Brooklyn follows young Francie Nolan as she struggles to survive and stand tall�-much like the Tree of Heaven that grows from cemented roots�-amidst difficult family circumstances.
  53. ______ ___ ____ ______ is about a group of young boys stranded on an island, and how violence and greed corrupts the new society they form.
    Lord of the Flies. William Golding�s novel explores the line between human civilization and basic animal instinct, as the boys slowly begin to turn on, and even kill, one another until their eventual rescue
  54. ____ ______ __ ____________ involves the life of 8-year-old Scout Finch and the trials her hometown undergoes during the prosecution of a young black man for rape
    To Kill A Mockingbird. Harper Lee chooses to tell a serious, adult story from the eyes of a young girl trying to figure out where she fits within the bigger picture
  55. Adulterers in _____ ________ _________ had to wear an embroidered �A� on their clothing.
    The Scarlet Letter. Nathanial Hawthorne�s work explores the life of Hester Prynne, forever forced to bear the stigma of society for bearing a child outside of wedlock.
  56. Many of John Steinbeck�s novels take place in the _________ Valley
    Salinas. Having grown up in the area, Steinbeck chooses to describe familiar territory by situating his characters close to home.
  57. Billy Pilgrim is abducted by aliens from the planet Tralfamadore in ______________ ______.
    Slaughterhouse Five. Kurt Vonnegut follows Billy�s character throughout his entire life, detailing his experiences as a war prisoner forced to watch mass bombings.
  58. _______ ___ is a war satire by Joseph Heller.
    Catch 22. The majority of Heller�s characters are themselves trapped in catch-22s, like the bomber Yassarian, who is smart enough to avoid death, but not smart enough to save himself from life.
  59. ______________ wrote the book Clockwork Orange.
    Anthony Burgess. Stanley Kubrick later made the book into a classic film.
  60. One Flew Over the Cuckoo�s Nest is written by ____________
    Ken Kesey. Both a comedy and a tragedy, this novel follows the lives of patients in a mental hospital, and serves as an allegory for preserving oneself versus the greater good of society.
  61. John Steinbeck explored the failures of America to cope during the Great Depression in his book _____ ________ ___ _______.
    The Grapes of Wrath. Steinbeck won the 1940 Pulitzer Prize for this work, which questions government, human will, and even the very basics of capitalism
  62. Narrated by Sal Paradise, _____ ____ ______ is one of Jack Kerouac�s most well known works
    On The Road. This book, loosely autobiographical (as all of Kerouac�s books are), follows Sal Paradise on a cross-country journey, exploring the basics and intricacies of life itself.
  63. _____________ wrote Uncle Tom�s Cabin
    Harriet Beecher Stowe. Uncle Tom�s Cabin is a chronology of a black person�s journey from slavery through the underground to freedom
  64. Upton Sinclair�s ______ __________ explores life, death, and sanitation standards in an American meat-packing plant.
    The Jungle. A compelling tale of twentieth-century government standards, and a pull for socialism, Sinclair follows immigrant Jurgis through meat-packing, living on the streets, and then an eventual rise to management.