Ch 11 Vocab.txt

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Ch 11 Vocab.txt
2011-06-22 01:28:09

Unit 4 Ch 11
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  1. arrhythmias
    abnormal heart rhythms caused by problems with conduction system
  2. flutter
    rapid but regular contractions, usually of the atria
  3. fibrilation
    very rapid, random, inefficient, and irregular contractions of the heart
  4. congenital heart disease
    abnormalities in the heart at birth
  5. coarction of the aorta
    narrowing of the aorta
  6. patent ductus arteriosus
    passageway (ductus arteriosus) between the aorta and the pulmonary artery remains open (patent) after birth
  7. septal defects
    small holes in the wall between the atria or ventricles
  8. tetralogy of Fallot
    congenital malformation involving four distinct heart defects;
  9. congestive heart failure (CHF)
    heart is unable to pump its required amount of blood; systolic-LV dysfunction, diastolic-cannot fill correctly
  10. coronary artery disease (CAD)
    disease of the arteries surrounding the heart; usually the result of atherosclerosis
  11. coronary artery bypass grafting (surgery) (CABG)
    replace clogged vessels with vessels from arm or leg
  12. endocarditis
    inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
  13. hypertensive heart disease
    high blood pressure affecting the heart
  14. mitral valve prolapse (MVP)
    improper closure of the mitral valve
  15. murmur
    extra heart sound, heard between normal beats
  16. pericarditis
    inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
  17. rheumatic heart disease
    heart disease caused by rheumatic fever
  18. aneurysm
    local widening of an arterial wall
  19. deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
    blood clot forms in a large vein, usually in lower limb; may result in embolism
  20. hypertension (HTN)
    high blood pressure
  21. peripheral arterial disease (PAD)
    blockage of arteries carrying blood to the legs, arms, kidneys, and other organs
  22. Raynaud disease
    recurrent episodes of pallor and cyanosis primarily in fingers and toes
  23. varicose veins
    abnormally swollen and twisted veins, usually ocurring in the legs
  24. echocardiography (ECHO)
    echoes generated by high-frequency sound waves produce images of the heart
  25. Doppler ultrasound studies
    sound waves measure blood flow within blood vessels
  26. cardiac catherization
    thin, flexible tube is guided into the heart via a vein or an artery
  27. electrocardiography (ECG)
    recording of electricity flowing through the heart
  28. Holter monitoring
    an ECG device is worn during a 24 hour period to detect cardiac arrhythmias
  29. stress test
    exercise tolerance test determines the heart's response to physical exertion