Ch 13 Vocab.txt

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Ch 13 Vocab.txt
2011-06-22 01:29:02

Unit 4 Ch 13
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  1. albumin
    plasma protein; function is to maintain water levels
  2. basophil
    WBC, granulocyte, stains blue, associated with release of histamine and heparin
  3. colony-stimulating factor (CSF)
    protein that stimulates the growth and proliferation of granulocytes
  4. differentiation
    change in structure and function of a cell as it matures; specialization
  5. electrophoresis
    method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge
  6. eosinophil
    WBC, granulocyte, stains red, associated with allergic reaction
  7. fibrin
    protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot
  8. fibrinogen
    plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process
  9. globulin
    plasma protein; alpha, beta, gamma immunoglobulin are examples
  10. heparin
    anticoagulant found in blood and tissue cells
  11. immunoglobulin
    protein with antibody activity
  12. megakaryocyte
    large platelet precursor cell found in the bone marrow
  13. neutrophil
    WBC, granulocyte, stains pink, a phagocytic tissue-fighting cell
  14. plasmapheresis
    removal of plasma from withdrawn blood by centrifuge
  15. prothrombin
    plasma protein; converted to thrombin in the clotting process
  16. reticulocyte
    immature erythrocyte
  17. thrombin
    enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin during coagulation
  18. aplastic anemia
    failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow; pancytopenia
  19. hemolytic anemia
    reduction in red blood cells due to excessive destruction because they are spheroidal
  20. pernicious anemia
    lack of mature erythorocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12
  21. sickle cell anemia
    hereditary condition characterized by abnormal sickle shape of erythrocytes and by hemolysis
  22. thalassemia
    inherited defect in the ability to produce hemoglobin
  23. hemochromatosis
    excess iron deposits throughout the body
  24. polycythemia vera
    general increase in red blood cells
  25. hemophilia
    excessive bleeding caused by hereditary lack of blood clotting factors necessary for blood clotting
  26. purpura
    multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and accumulation of blood under the skin
  27. mononucleosis
    infectious disease marked by increased numbers of leukocytes and enlarged cervical lymph nodes
  28. multiple myeloma
    malignant neoplasm of bone marrow
  29. bleeding time
    time required for blood to stop flowing from a tiny puncture (norm = 8min)
  30. coagulation time
    time required for venous blood to clot in a test tube (norm = 15min)
  31. complete blood count (CBC)
    determination of numbers of blood cells, hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit, and red cell values
  32. prothrombin time (PT)
    test of the ability of blood to clot; used when taking coumadin
  33. partial thromboplastin time (PTT)
    test of the ability of blood to clot; used when taking heparin