Cardiovascular System: Symptomatic Terms

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Cardiovascular System: Symptomatic Terms
2011-06-22 17:33:16
medterm ch7 quiz3

Quiz 3
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  1. arteriosclerosis
    thickening, loss of elasticity, and calcification (hardening) of the arterial walls
  2. atherosclerosis
    buildup of fatty substances within the walls of arteries
  3. atheromatous plaque
    a swollen area within the lining of an artery caused by the buildup of fat (lipids)
  4. thrombus
    a stationary blood clot
  5. embolus
    a clot carried in the bloodstream that obstructs when it lodges
  6. stenosis
    condition of narrowing of a part
  7. constriction
    compression of a part
  8. occlusion
    plugging; obstruction or a closing off
  9. ischemia
    to hold back blood; decreased blood flow to tissue caused by constriction or occlusion of a blood vessel
  10. perfusion deficit
    a lack of flow through a blood vessel caused by narrowing, occlusion, etc.
  11. infarct
    to stuff; a localized area of necrosis (condition of tissue death) caused by ischemia as a result of occlusion of a blood vessel)
  12. angina pectoris
    chest pain caused by a temporary loss of oxygenated blood to heart muscle often caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries
  13. aneurysm
    a widening; bulging of the wall of the heart, the aorta, or an artery caused by congenital defect or acquired weakness

    • Includes:
    • - saccular
    • - fusiform
    • - dissecting
  14. saccular aneurysm
    a sac-like bulge on one side
  15. fusiform aneurysm
    a spindle-shaped bulge
  16. dissecting aneurysm
    a split or tear of the vessel wall
  17. claudication
    a limp; pain in a limb (especially the calf) while walking that subsides after rest; it is caused by inadequate blood supply
  18. diaphoresis
    profuse sweating
  19. heart murmur
    an abnormal sound from the heart produced by defects in the chambers or valves
  20. palpitation
    subjective experience of pounding, skipping or racing heartbeats
  21. vegetation
    to grow; an abnormal growth of tissue around a valve, generally a result of an infection such as bacterial endocarditis