Blood and Lymph Systems: Anatomical Terms; Cellular Components of the Blood

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pugluv01
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91705
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Blood and Lymph Systems: Anatomical Terms; Cellular Components of the Blood
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2011-06-22 20:17:42
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medterm ch8 quiz3
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Quiz 3
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  1. erythrocyte
    red blood cell that transports oxygen and carbon dioxide within the bloodstream
  2. hemoglobin
    protein-iron compound contained in the erythrocyte that has bonding capabilities for the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide
  3. leukocyte
    white blood cell that protects the body from invasion of harmful substances
  4. granulocytes
    a group of leukocytes containing granules in their cytoplasm
  5. neutrophil
    a granular leukocyte, named for the neutral stain of its granules, that fights infection by swallowing bacteria
  6. polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN)
    another term for neutrophil, named for the many segments present in its nucleus
  7. band
    an immature neutrophil
  8. eosinophil
    a granular leukocyte, named for the rose-color stain of its granules, that increases with allergy and some infections
  9. basophil
    a granular leukocyte, named for the dark stain of its granules, that brings anticoagulant substanes to inflamed tissues
  10. agranulocytes
    a group of leukocytes without granules in their nuclei
  11. lymphocyte
    an agranulocytic leukocyte that is active in the process of immunity - there are four categories of lymphocytes:

    • T cells (thymus dependent)
    • B cells (bone marrow derived)
    • NK cells (natural killer)
    • K-type cells
  12. monocyte
    an agranulocytic leukocyte that performs phagocytosis to fight infection
  13. platelets
    thrombocytes; cell fragments in the blood essential for blood clotting (coagulation)

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