Chapter 7 The Respiratory System

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Chapter 7 The Respiratory System
2011-06-22 23:14:00
Intro Medical Terminology

Chapter 7 The Respiratory System
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  1. atel/o
    means incomplete
  2. bronch/o, bronchi/o
    means bronchi
  3. cyan/o
    means blue
  4. -ectasis
    means stretching
  5. laryng/o
    means larynx
  6. ox/o, ox/o, ox/y
    means oxygen
  7. pharyng/o
    means pharynx
  8. phon/o
    means voice or sound
  9. pleur/o
    means pleura
  10. -pnea
    means breathing
  11. pneum/o, pneumon/o, pneu-
    means lung or air
  12. pulm/o, pulmon/o
    means lung
  13. tachy-
    means rapid
  14. thorac/o, -thorax
    means chest
  15. nas/o
    means nose

    exchanges air during inhaling and exhaling; warms, moisturizes, and filters inhaled air.
  16. sinus/o
    means sinuses

    provides mucus, makes bones of the skull lighter, aids in sound production
  17. epiglott/o
    means epiglottis

    closes off the trachea during swallowing
  18. pharyng/o
    means pharynx

    transports air to and from the nose to the trachea
  19. laryng/o
    means larynx

    makes speech possible
  20. trache/o
    means trachea

    transports air to and from the pharynx to the bronchi
  21. bronc/o, bronchi/o
    means bronchi

    transports air from the trachea into the lungs
  22. alveol/o
    means alveoli

    air sacs that exchange gases with the pulmonary capillary blood
  23. anoxia
    the absence or almost complete absence of oxygen from inspired gases, arterial blood, or tissues
  24. anthracosis

    aka: black lung disease
    caused by coal dust in lungs
  25. aphonia
    the loss of the ability to produce normal speech sounds
  26. apnea
    the absence of spontaneous respiration
  27. asbestosis
    caused by asbestos particles in the lungs and is found in workers from the shipbuilding and construction trades
  28. asphyxia
    the pathologic changes caused by a lack of oxygen in air that is breathed in
  29. asphyxiation

    aka: suffocation
    any interruption of breathing resulting in the loss of consciousness or death
  30. asthma
    a chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing
  31. atelectasis

    aka: collapsed lung
    a condition in which the lung fails to expand because air cannot pass beyond the bronchioles that are blocked by secretions
  32. bradypnea
    an abnormally slow rate of respiration usually of less than 10 breaths per minute
  33. bronchiectasis
    chronic dilation (enlargement) of bronchi or bronchioles resulting from an earlier lung infection that was not cured
  34. bronchoconstrictor
    an agent that narrows the opening of the passages into the lungs
  35. bronchodilator
    an agent that expands the opening of the passages into the lungs
  36. bronchopneumonia
    form of pneumonia that begins in the bronchioles
  37. bronchorrhagia
    bleeding from the bronchi
  38. bronchorrhea
    an excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi
  39. bronchoscopy
    the visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope
  40. Cheyne-Stokes respiration
    is a pattern of alternating periods of hyperpnea (rapid breathing), hyponea (slow breathing), and apnea (the absence of breathing)
  41. croup
    an acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and a barking cough
  42. cystic fibrosis
    is a genetic disorder in which the lungs are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus
  43. diphtheria
    an acute infectious disease of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by the presence of diphtheria bacteria
  44. dysphonia
    any voice impairment including hoarseness, weakness, or loss of voice
  45. dyspnea

    aka: shortness of breath
    difficult or labored breathing
  46. emphysema
    the progressive loss of lung function due to a decrease in the total number of alveoli, the enlargement of the remaining alveoli, and then the progressive destruction of their walls
  47. empyema

    aka: pyothorax
    an accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity
  48. endotracheal intubation
    the passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the trachea to establish an airway
  49. epiglottis
    inflammation fo the epiglottis
  50. epistaxis

    aka: nosebleed
    bleeding from the nose, usually caused by an injury, excessive use of blood thinners, or bleeding disorders
  51. hemoptysis
    spitting of blood or blood-stained sputum derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as the result of a pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage
  52. hemothorax
    an accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity
  53. hyperpnea
    an abnormal increase in the depth and rate of the respiratory movements
  54. hypoxia
    the condition of having subnormal oxygen levels in the cellsthat is less severe than anoxia
  55. influenza

    aka: flu
    an acute, highly contagious viral respiratory infection, spread by respiratory droplets, that occurs most commonly during the colder months
  56. inhalation

    aka: inhaling
    the act of taking in air to the diaphram contract and pulls downward
  57. laryngectomy
    the surgical removal of the larynx
  58. laryngitis
    an inflammation of the larynx
  59. laryngoplasty
    the surgical repair of the larynx
  60. laryngoplegia
    paralysis of the larynx
  61. laryngoscopy
    the visual examination of the larynx using a laryngoscope
  62. laryngospasm
    a sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx
  63. mediastinum

    aka: interpleural space
    located between the lungs
  64. mycoplasma pneumonia

    aka: mycoplasmal or walking pneumonia
    a milder but longer lasting form of the disease caused by the fungus Mycoplasma pneumoniae
  65. nasopharyngitis

    and upper respiratory infection (URI)
    among the terms used to describe the common cold
  66. otolaryngologist

    aka: otorhinolaryngologist
    a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the ears, nose and throat
  67. otorhinolaryngologist

    aka: otolaryngologist
    a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the ears, nose and throat
  68. pertussis

    aka: whooping cough
    a contagious bactterial infection of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by a paroxysmal (sudden or spasm like) cough
  69. pharyngitis

    aka: sore throat
    an inflammation of the pharynx
  70. pharyngoplasty
    the surgical repair of the pharynx
  71. pharyngorrhagia
    is bleeding from the pharynx
  72. pleuralgia
    pain in the pleura or in the side
  73. pleurectomy
    the surgical removal of part of the pleura
  74. pleurisy
    an inflammation of the visceral and patietal pleura in the thoracic cavity
  75. pneumoconiosis
    an abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs that usually develops after years of environmental or occupational contact
  76. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
    caused by an infection with the parasite Pneumocystis carinii. PCP is an opportunistic infection that frequently occures when the immune system is weakened by an HIV infection
  77. pneumonectomy
    the surgical removal of all or part of a lung
  78. pneumorrhagia
    bleeding from the lungs
  79. pneumothorax
    an accumulation of air or gas in the pleural space causing the lung to collapse
  80. pulmonologist
    a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the lungs and associated tissues
  81. pyothorax

    aka: empyema
    an accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity
  82. rhinorrhea

    aka: runny nose
    an excessive flow of mucus from the nose
  83. sinusitis
    an inflammation of the sinuses
  84. sinusotomy
    a surgical incision into a sinus
  85. spirometry
    a testing method that uses a spirometer to record the volume of air inhaled or exhaled and the length of time each breath takes
  86. tachypnea
    an abnormally rapid rate of respiration usually of more than 20 breaths per minute
  87. thoracentesis
    the puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity for diagnostic purposes, to drain pleural effusions, or to reexpand a collapsed lung
  88. thoracostomy
    the surgical creation of an opening into the chest
  89. thoracotomy
    a surgical incision into the wall of the chest
  90. tracheitis
    an inflammation of the trachea
  91. tracheoplasty
    the surgical repair of the trachea
  92. tracheostomy
    creating an opening into the trachea and inserting a tube to facilitate the passage of air or the removal of secretions
  93. tracheotomy
    usually an emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage
  94. tuberculosis
    an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB usually attacks the lungs
  95. phen
    means diaphragm or mind
  96. -rrhagia
    means bleeding