CMTP Quiz 2
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What stage of injury do you use cold therapy?
Acute (2-3 days)
What stage of injury could one use contrast therapy?
- Early subacute (2-3 days - 2-3 weeks)
- Late subacute (2-3 weeks - up to 6 weeks)
- Chronic (from 4 weeks +)
What stage of injury could you use heat?
Chronic stage (4 weeks +)
Minimum number of layers for hydrocollator pack
Contraindications for both hot and cold therapy (2).
- Circulatory problems
- Sensory changes (neuropathy, numbness)
Does heat or cold increase local vasodilation?
Heat increases local vasodilation and blood flow.
Heat produces an increase in:
- Surface temp
- Local vasodilation and blood flow
- Local metabolism
- Oxygen and nutrients
- Capillary permeability
- Local perspiration
- Collagen extensibility
- Joint range of motion
- Blood flow to the contralateral limb
- Relaxation/ sedation
Heat produces a decrease in:
- Pain perception
- Muscle spasm and hypertonicity
- GI motility and gastric acid production
Stages of cold application.
- (Clean The Baby's Nose)
What is the common ratio for contrast therapy.
3:1 (three heat to one cold)
What stage is most appropriate for contrast hydrotherapy?
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