7

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Author:
carolyn
ID:
91759
Filename:
7
Updated:
2011-06-23 09:17:03
Tags:
Mental Health
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Description:
Mental Health
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  1. what is the primary tool for a psychiatric mental health nurse
    communication and interpersonal relationship
  2. ____ is learned, shared, and ever changing
    culture
  3. in a given society what does culture define?
    roles, relationships, rights and obligations of its members
  4. can humans exist apart from nature?
    NO
  5. learned beliefs about what is held to be good or bad in a culture
    values
  6. learned behaviors that are perceived to be appropriate or inappropriate in a culture
    norms
  7. the perception that our worldview is the only acceptable truth and that our beliefs, values, and sanctioned behaviors are superior is called?
    ethnocentrism
  8. ___ is when all members of a particular culture, expect the members to hold the same beliefs and behave in the same way
    stereotype
  9. what are some points related to culture:
    • transmits meaning
    • is learned
    • is shared
    • is everchanging
    • is dialogical
    • defines values and norms
  10. what does campinha bacote's model describe
    the process of cultural competence in the healthcare services
  11. what are 5 elements in the process of cultural competence of healthcare services?
    • cultural desire
    • cultural encounter
    • cultural skill
    • cultural knowledge
    • cultural awareness
  12. represents the "want to" engage in becoming culturally competent
    cultural desire
  13. represents self examination and in depth exploring of ones own cultural background
    cultural awareness
  14. involves seeking and obtaining a sound educational base about culturally different groups
    cultural knowledge
  15. reflects the ability to collect cultural data about the clients presenting problem and also accurately perform a culturally based physical assessment
    cultural skill
  16. encompasses the process that encourages the professional to directly engage in face to face interactions with culturally varied clients
    cultural encounterss
  17. a behavior that leininger and macfarland says to avoid, and which is the attempt to treatt all persons fairly by ignoring differences and acting as though the differences did not exist
    cultural blindness
  18. some nursing behaviors that need to be avoided
    • cultural blindness
    • stereotyping
    • ethnocentrism
  19. identification with a socially, culturally, and politically constructed group of individuals that hold a common set of characteristics not shared by others with whom its members come in contact
    ethnicity
  20. examples of ethnicity elements
    • ancentry
    • language
    • religion
  21. what are 6 cultural variables that have an effect on health and illness behaviors
    • communication
    • space
    • social organization
    • time
    • environmental control
    • biological variations
  22. what are 5 categories that need to be assessed to which culturally sensitive mental health care can be planned
    • beliefs about mental illness
    • interpersonal interaction
    • verbal and nonverbal communication
    • diet and food habits
    • biological variations
  23. 1. sorcery
    2. breach of taboo
    3. intrusion of a disease object
    4. intrusion of disease causing spirit
    5. loss of soul

    are all examples of
    beliefs about causation of mental illness
  24. to provide culturally safe and effective care the nurds needs to what?
    understand the potential variations in the who, what, and when of care seeking

    • 1. consider age, gender, behaviors, feelings
    • 2. acceptable treatment
    • 3. circumstances Pt.s seek care
  25. for asians what is the best healing source
    family
  26. person from this culture will consider the individual to be less important than the group
    collectivist culture
  27. what is an important thing a nurse must do to communicate effectively with a client?
    interpret meaning of words and behaviors
  28. a person who can interpret language, the client's culture, and the health care culture is said to be the ideal person to be an interpreter
    cultural facilitator or broker
  29. what must be avoided when selecting and interpreter
    • age
    • sex
    • socioeconomic group
    • family
  30. if an interpreter isn't available what should the nurse be able to do
    use pantomime
  31. what are 5 categories of nonverbal communication
    • vocal cues(tone, pitch)
    • action cues(posture, gesture)
    • object cues(clothing, hair stele)
    • touch
    • personal/territorial space
  32. what factors affect pharmacological and behavioral aspects of medicating clients of different cultures
    genetic, environmental, and behavioral differences
  33. comprises all that is learned through socialization, shared by all group members, and associated with adaptation to the environment
    culture
  34. _____ includes knowledge, beliefs, art, morals, law and customs
    culture
  35. is defined to be malleable and changes slightly during interpersonal interactions between persons from different cultures
    culture
  36. stereotyping clients from different cultures can lead to ?
    unsafe care
  37. all aspects of verbal and nonverbal communication can often serve as ______ to communication
    barriers

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