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2011-06-24 17:10:26

Pathophysiology ch. 3
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  1. antibiotic
    a substance derived from microorganisms that is used to treat infection
  2. antimicrobial
    an agent that kills or inhibits growth and reproduction of microorganisms
  3. antiviral
    destroying or inhibiting the growth and reproduction of viruses
  4. autoantibodies
    antibodies to self-antigens such as cells or DNA
  5. bronchoconstriction
    contraction of smooth muscle in the bronchioles, narrowing the airways
  6. colostrum
    thin yellowish fluid secreted by the mammary glands at the time partuition that is rich in antibodies and minerals, and precedes the production of true milk
  7. complement
    a series of inactive proteins circulating inthe blood; when activated, they can destroy bacteria or antigens, or participate in the inflammatory response
  8. cytotoxic
    a substance that damages or destroys cells
  9. encephalopathy
    impaired function of the brain
  10. erythema
    redness and inflammation of the skin or mucosa due to vasodilation
  11. fetus
    the human child in utero between 8 weeks and birth
  12. glycoprotein
    a combination of protein and carbohydrate
  13. hypogammaglobulinemia
    a protein fraction of blood serum containing many antibodies that protect against bacterial and viral infectious diseases
  14. hypoproteinemia
    abnormally low level of plasma protein in the blood
  15. mast cells
    located in the tissues, the release bradykinin in response to injury or foreign material
  16. monocytes
    a large circulating, phagocytic WBC, having a single well defined nucleus and very fine granulation in the cytoplasm
  17. mononuclear phagocytic system
    widely distribution of both free and fixed macrophages derived from bone marrow precursor cells by way of monocytes
  18. mutate
    undergoes a spontaneous change in the make-up of genes or chromosomes
  19. opportunist
    a microorganism, normally nonpathogenic, that causes infectious disease when the person's resistance is reduced, microbial balance is upset, or the microbe is transferred to another part of the body
  20. placenta
    an organ characteristic of true mammals during pregnancy, joining mother and fetus, providing endocrine secretion and selective exchange of soluable bloodborne substances through apposition of uterine and trophoblastic vascularized parts
  21. polymerase chain reaction
    a technique amplifying DNA sequences in vitro by separating the DNA into two stands and incubating it
  22. prophylactic
    a measure or drug to prevent disease
  23. pruritus
    itching sensation
  24. replication
    the process of duplicating
  25. retrovirus
    a virus containing RNA and the enzyme reverse transcriptase, required to convert RNA to DNA that is then integrated with the host cell DNA
  26. spelectomy
    removal of the spleen
  27. stem cells
    a basic cell that may divide to give rise to a variety of specialized cells
  28. thymus
    lymphoid organ that is located in the superior mediastinum and lower part of the neck
  29. titer
    quality of a substance required to react with or correspond to a given amount of another substance
  30. vesicle
    a small thin-walled sac containing fluid (ex. blister)