Sociology Ch. 3

Card Set Information

Sociology Ch. 3
2011-06-23 11:56:33

Study guide to midterm
Show Answers:

  1. culture
    the knowledge, language, values, customs, and material objects that are passed from person to person and from one generation to the next in a human group or society
  2. material culture
    a component of culture that consists of the physical or tangible creations (such as clothing, shelter, and art) that members of a society make, use and share
  3. technology
    the knowledge, techniques, and tools that allow people to transform resources into a usable for and the knowledge and skilld required to use what is developed
  4. nonmaterial culture
    consists of abstract or intanglible human creations of scoiety (such as attitudes, beliefs and values) that influence peoples behavior
  5. cultural universals
    customs and practices that occur across all societies
  6. symbol
    anything that meaningfully represents something else
  7. language
    a set of symbols that expresses ideas and enables people to think and communicate with one another
  8. sapir-whorf hypothesis
    the proposition tha language shapes the view of reality of its speakers
  9. values
    collective ideas about what is right or wrong, good, or bad and desirable or undesirable in a particular culture
  10. norms
    established rules of behavior or standards of conduct
  11. sanctions
    rewards for appropriate behavior or penalties for inappropriate behavior
  12. folkways
    informal norms or everyday customs that may be violated without serious consequences within a particular culture
  13. mores
    strongly held norms with moral and ethical connotations that may not be violated without serious consequences in a particular culture
  14. taboos
    more so strong that their violation is considered to be extremenly offensive and even unmentionable