Chapter 4

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Author:
alexis6981
ID:
91924
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Chapter 4
Updated:
2011-06-24 11:54:11
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Chapter Safety
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Safety Chapter 4
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  1. Milli
    One Thousandth
  2. Mono-, uni-
    one
  3. multi,- poly-
    many
  4. narco-
    sleep
  5. neo-
    new
  6. non-
    not
  7. pachy-
    thick
  8. pan-
    all
  9. para-
    beside, abnormal
  10. per-
    through
  11. peri-
    around
  12. port-, retro-
    after
  13. pre-, ante-
    before, in front
  14. primi-
    first
  15. pseudo-
    falso
  16. quadri-, quadro-
    four
  17. retro-
    behind, backward
  18. semi-
    half
  19. steno-
    narrow
  20. sub-
    below
  21. 6 steps to the chain of infection
    • infectious agent
    • reservoir-how its taken in
    • portal of exit-how its given off
    • portal of entry
    • susceptible host
  22. Fomites
    microorganisms that live in inanimate objects
  23. biological-infectious agents
    sharp-needles, lancets, and broken glass
    chemical-preservatives and reagents
    radioactive-equipment and radioisotopes
    electrical-underground, wet equipment,frayed cords
    fire/explosive-open flames and organic chemicals
    physical-wet floors, heavy boxes, and patients
    matching on test
  24. nosocomial infection
    hospital inquired infection
  25. HAI
    health-care-acquired infection
  26. CDC
    center for disease control and preventation
  27. PPE
    personal protective equiptment
  28. NIOSH
    National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
  29. The order of how to put on PPE,
    Gown, Mask, Gloves
  30. The order of how to take of PPE
    Gloves, Gown, Mask
  31. CDC
    Center of disease control & preventation
  32. Three isolation categories
    • airborne-caries through the air
    • droplet-coughing, sneezing
    • contact-skin to skin
  33. Airborne-TB, measles,chickenpox,herpes zoster/shingles,mumps,adenovirus.
    Droplet-infection with neisseria menongitides,wooping cough
    Contact-C diff, draining wounds, scabies
    Marching on test
  34. What is thrown in Biohazard Containers
    Blood and body fluids
  35. What is the most commonly used disinfectant
    Sodium Hypochlorite (household bleach)
  36. Top three blood borne pathogens
    • HIV
    • Hep B (HBV)
    • Hep C (HCV)
  37. What is the number one personal safety rule when using needles or as (phlebotomist)
    NEVER RECAP A NEEDLE
  38. What goes into the sharpie container
    needles and anything that can cut (glass tubes)
  39. PEP
    postexposure prophylaxis- must be taken within the first 1-3 hours
  40. MSDS
    Material Safety Data Sheet-contains information on physical and chemical characteristics
  41. JC
    The Joint Commission-posted evacuation routes
  42. RACE
    • Rescue-anyone in immediate danger
    • Alarm-activate the institutional fire alarm system
    • Contain-close all doors to potentially affected areas
    • Extinguish/Evacuate-extinguish the fire, if possible or evacuate, closing the door
  43. PASS
    • Pull Pin
    • Aim at base of fire
    • Squeeze handles
    • Sweep nozzle, side to side
  44. Transmission-based precautions rooms
    Bring in only required equipment, everything brought in must be left, PPE is removed before leaving the room
  45. Protective isolation rooms
    only necessary equipment is brought in, all equipment is brought out of the room. PPE is removed outside the room
  46. Reverse ISO
    protect patient from outside and other patients
  47. Vehicle
    organism injested
  48. Vector
    transmit by bite
  49. EXTRA CREDIT- Chain of infection (means of transmission)
    • Droplet
    • Airborne
    • Contact
    • Vector
    • Vehicle

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