Ch 7 Vocab.txt

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lilnugget
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92030
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Ch 7 Vocab.txt
Updated:
2011-06-25 19:31:15
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Unit 5 Ch 7
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  1. calyx, calyces
    cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis
  2. catheter
    tube for injecting or removing fluids
  3. creatinine
    nitrogenous waste excreted in urine
  4. hilum
    depression in an organ where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave
  5. meatus
    opening or canal
  6. renal pelvis
    central collecting region in the kidney
  7. renin
    hormone secreted by the kidney; it raises bood pressure by influencing vasoconstriction
  8. trigone
    triangular area in the urinary bladder
  9. urea
    major nitrogenous waste excreted in urine
  10. ureter
    one of the two tubes leading rom the kidneys to the urinary bladder
  11. urethra
    tube leading form the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
  12. uric acid
    nitrogenous waste excreted in the urine
  13. glomerulonephritis
    inflammation of the glomeruli within the kidney
  14. interstitial nephritis
    inflammation of the connective tissue that lies between the renal tubules
  15. nephrolithiasis
    kidney stones (renal calculi)
  16. nephrotic syndrome (nephrosis)
    group of clinical signs and symptoms caused by excessive protein loss in urine
  17. polycycstic kidney disease
    multiple fluid-filled sacs (cysts) within and on the kidney
  18. pyelonephritis
    inflammation of the lining of the renal pelvis and renal parenchyma
  19. renal cell carcinoma (hypernephroma)
    cancerous tumor of the kidney in adulthood
  20. renal failure
    kidney decreases excretion of wastes as a result of impaired filtration function
  21. renal hypertension
    high BP resulting from kidney disease
  22. Wilms tumor
    malignant tumor of the kidney occurring in childhood
  23. bladder cancer
    malignant tumor of the urinary bladder
  24. diabetes insipidus
    antidiuretic hormone is not secreted adequately, or the kidney is resistant to its effect = polyuria
  25. diabetes mellitus
    insulin is not secreted adequately or not used properly in the body
  26. BUN
    Blood, Urea, Nitrogen; measurement of urea level in blood
  27. creatinine clearance
    measurement of the rate at which creatinine is cleared from the blood by the kidney; indicator of GFR
  28. hematuria
    blood in urine
  29. glycosuria
    sugar in urine
  30. pyuria
    pus in urine
  31. proteinuria
    protein in the urine
  32. albuminuria
    albumin in the urea
  33. IVP - Intravenous pyelogram
    dye is injected into a vein and pictures are taken to access renal function
  34. renal angiogram
    detects blood vessels function and abnormality of the kidneys
  35. retrograde pyelogram
    contrast material is introduced into the bladder and ureters through a cytoscope to determine stones or obstructions
  36. VCUG - voiding cystourethrogram
    bladder is filled with dye and x-rays are taken of the bladder and urethra as patient is expelling urine
  37. ultrasonography
    process of visualizing the size and conditions of the kidneys through sound waves
  38. urinary catherization
    a foley tube is passed through the urethra into the urinary bladder to drain urine

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