Ch 8 Vocab.txt

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lilnugget
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92031
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Ch 8 Vocab.txt
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2011-06-25 19:31:44
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Unit 5 Ch 8
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  1. adnexa uteri
    fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments
  2. amnion
    innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus
  3. Bartholin glands
    small mucus-secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice
  4. cervix
    lower, neck-like portion of the uterus
  5. chorion
    outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; it forms the fetal part of the placenta
  6. corpus luteum
    empty ovarian follicle that secretes progesterone after release of the egg cell
  7. cul-de-sac
    region in the lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the uterus
  8. embryo
    stage in prenatal development from 2-8 weeks
  9. endometrium
    inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus
  10. estrogen
    hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics
  11. fallopian tube
    one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus
  12. fertilization
    urine of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops
  13. fetus
    stage in prenatal development from 8-39 or 40 weeks
  14. fimbria; -ae
    finger-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes
  15. follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
    secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell
  16. human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
    hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating (-tropin) the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone
  17. luteinizing hormone (LH)
    hormone produced byt he pituitary gland; promotes ovulation
  18. menarche
    beginning of the first menstrual period and ability to reproduce
  19. menopause
    gradual ending of menstruation
  20. menstruation
    monthly shedding of the uterine lining
  21. menses
    the flow of blood and tissue normally discharges during menstruation
  22. myometrium
    muscle layer of the uterus
  23. parturition
    act of giving birth
  24. perineum
    in females, the area between the anus and the vagina
  25. placenta
    vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy to serve as a communication between maternal and fetal bloodstreams
  26. progesterone
    hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women
  27. uterine serosa
    outermost layer surrounding the uterus
  28. zygote
    stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation to 2 weeks
  29. carcinoma of the cervix
    cervical cancer
  30. cervicitis
    inflammation of the cervix
  31. carcinoma of the endometrium
    endometrial cancer
  32. endometriosis
    endometrial tissue located outside the uterus
  33. fibroids
    benign tumors in the uterus
  34. ovarian carcinoma
    malignant tumor of the ovary
  35. ovarian cyst
    collections of fluids withing a sac in the ovary
  36. pelvic inflammatory disease
    inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region
  37. carcinoma of the breast
    breast cancer; malignant tumor arising from the milk glands and ducts
  38. fibrocystic disease
    numerous small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast
  39. abruptio placentae
    premature separation of the implanted placenta
  40. choriocarcinoma
    malignant tumor of the placenta
  41. ectopic pregnancy
    implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location
  42. multiple gestation
    more than one fetus inside the uterus
  43. placenta previa
    implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus
  44. preeclampsia
    abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache
  45. down syndrome
    chromosomal abnormality (trisomy 21) results in mental retardation, retarded growth, a flat face with short nose, low-set and slanted eyes
  46. erythroblastosis fetalis
    hemolytic disease in the newborn caused by a blood group incompatibility between the mother and the fetus
  47. hyaline membrane disease
    acute lung disease commonly seen in the premature newborn
  48. meconium aspiration syndrome
    abnormal inhalation of meconium produced by a fetus or newborn
  49. pyloric stenosis
    narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum
  50. pap test
    microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix
  51. pregnancy test
    test blood or urine for presence of hCG
  52. amenorrhea
    no menstrual flow

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