Card Set Information

2011-06-25 22:55:05

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  1. accomodator
    in a conflict, maintains interpersonal relationships at all costs; no concern for identifying the source of the conflict; conflict is smoothed over to protect relationships
  2. acute care
    a term used in health care to indicate that a person is being cared for in a hospital. Other related terms include home care and long-term care (a nursing home)
  3. adapter
    a small piece of equipment that allows for the connection of one object to another
  4. additive
    a chemical that is added to a specimen collection container; it may be intended to cause a reaction or to preserve the specimen
  5. agglutinins
    a substance present in normal or immune serum capable of causing the clumping of specific antigens (bacteria or cells)
  6. aggressive
    the person who is comfortable with conflict
  7. airborne
    something that is spread in the air; the usual use of this term is regard to an infection that is acquired by breathing in mist, droplets, or drops that contain a microorganism such as bacteria, fungi, or virus. In relation to the work done by a phlebotomist, this might occur during centrifugation, removal of stoppers, or improperly aliquoting specimen
  8. alcohol prep pad
    a small square of absorbent material that contains alcohol; usually used to wipe a surface to clean it before inserting a needle
  9. aliquot tube
    a portion of sample used for testing
  10. Allen's test
    a test performed to determine the the collateral blood flow from to the hand before taking an arterial blood gas (ABG) sample from the radial artery
  11. ambulatory
    someone who is able to be up out of bed; usually refers to being able to walk around
  12. ammonia inhalant
    a small glass vial that contains ammonia and is used when a person shows signs of possibly fainting. Some people faint at the sight of blood
  13. analyte
    a general term for a substanve being tested
  14. anchors
    a devices intended to keep something in place. A finger or thumb can anchor a vein used to inser a needle and take a blood sample
  15. ancillary services
    the various services offered in a health care setting; frequently include dietary, radiology, resepiratory therapy, housekeeping, etc.
  16. antebrachial
    a term that pertains to the forearm
  17. antecubital fossa
    the area of the arm that is in from of and below the bend of the elbow; the location of the mahor veins for venipuncutre
  18. antibiotic susceptibility
    the determination made in a laboratory to see if a bacterium is slowed, stopped or killed by a specific antibiotic
  19. anticoagulant
    a medication that is given by mouth (orally) or by injection (subcutaneously or intravenously) that causes the blood to clot more slowly. The oral example includes warfarin (Coumadin); the injected examples include enoxaparin (Lovenox) and Heparin
  20. antiglycolic agent
    a chemical that is added to an evacuated specimen collection tube and prevents the breakdown of glucose (sugar). Examples include sodium fluoride (NaFl) and lithium iodoacetate
  21. bevel
    the angled end of a needle's opening
  22. bilirubin
    the principal pigment of the bile, orange-red in color
  23. biohazard
    anything that is potentially harmful to man and the environment
  24. biosafety
    anything that is safe for man and the environment
  25. blind probing
    the act of searching for a vein without the ability to see it on the surface of the skin
  26. blood borne pathogen
    any infectious microorganism (bacteria, fungus, protozoa, virus) presemt in th eblood and other body fluids and tissues
  27. blood banking
    blood that has been taken froma volunteer donor that has been tested and placed in a controlled refrigerated environment to be available to be given to a recepient
  28. blood culture prep kit
    a kit of instruments-used to examine blood for the diagnosis of specific infectious diseases
  29. bloodletting
    cutting into a vein with a sharp instrument; thought to release evil spirits from the body and cleansing of impurities
  30. blunting cannula
    protective device that covers the needlepoint when the phlebotomist applies pressure to the blood collection tube. This device will blunt the needle before it is removed from the patient
  31. body cavity fluids
    fluids found a variety of spaces throughout the body. There is a fluid tat can be drawn out (aspirated) from, for example, the chest cavity, the abdomen, the knee, the spinal column, the cranial cavity (head)
  32. brachial artery
    the main artery of the arm, which is located in the medial anterior aspect of the antecubital fossa
  33. butterfly needle
    a needle that is attached (by the factory) to a plastic winged device tha allows the user to hold the wings while inserting the needle. May be used for phlebotomy and/or to give fluids to an infant or child with small veins
  34. calcium
    a mineral needed for bone and teeth formation, nerve conduction, muscle contraction, and essential to the clotting process
  35. calibrated
    the graduations of a measuring instrument, such as a thermometer and syringe
  36. capillary
    the minute (small) vessel that comes at the end of an artery or vein
  37. carotene
    a red or orange-colored compound found in carrots and certain other vegetables and changed into vitamin A in the body. Also spelled "carotin"
  38. catecholamine
    analyte within a blood specimen that requires chilling and refrigerationfor transport
  39. cell morphology
    the form and structure of a cell,. e.g. red blood cell, white blood cell
  40. central line
    a long tube (catheter) that is placed into the "central" part of the body, which means close to the heart. for example, a catheter is placed by a doctor into the subclavian vein via a puncture into the chest. Another method is to pass a long catheter into the brachial vein all the way to the subclavian vein. These lines are used to give medications that are best to be given into a larger vein so that the small veins of the hand or arm are not so easily damaged
  41. centrifugation
    a process of separating substances of different densities, such as blood and urine, by using a centrifuge
  42. centrifuged
    a centrifugeos a medical device that ises spinning action and gravity to separate solid parts of a specimen from the liquid parts. The device must be balanced in order to work correctly
  43. cephalic vein
    the second-choise vein for venipuncture, located in the lateral aspects of the arm in the antecubital fossa