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An evaluation of large scale public projects by comparing the costs and benefits that accrue from them.
Application of ecological principles and priorites into economic accounting systems.
Shifting expenses, monetary or otherwise toe someone other than the individuals or groups who use a resource.
An alternative to GPN or GPD for economic accounting that measures the real progress in quality of life and sustainability.
Planning so that those who reap the benefts of resource use also bear the external costs.
The cost to produce one additional unit of a good or service.
An urban area with more than ten mil. inhabitants.
Minerals, fossil fels and other materials present in essentially fixed amounts ( within human time scales) in our environment.
Resources normally replaced or replenished by natural process, not depleted by moderate use.
In economic terms, anything with potential use in creating wealth or giving satisfaction.
The efficient use of land resources and existing urban infrastructure.
Characterized by low birth and death rates, use of renewable energy sources, recycling of materials and existing urban infrastructure.
tragedy of the commons
An inexorable process of degradation of communal resources due to selfish self-interest of 'free riders' who use or destroy more than their fair share of common property.
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