acronym and abbreviations

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acronym and abbreviations
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2010-03-05 02:43:01
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  1. ABG
    aterial blood gass
  2. ac
    before meals
  3. ACE
    angiotensin converting enzymes
  4. ACL
    anterior cruciate ligament
  5. ACTH
    adrenocorticotropic hormone
  6. ADA
    American Diabetes Association
  7. ADH
    antidiuretic hormone
  8. ADL
    activities of daily living
  9. AFB
    acid-fast bacilli
  10. AFP
    alpha-fetoprotein
  11. AGA
    appropriate for gestational age
  12. AIDS
    acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  13. AKA
    above knee amputation
  14. ALP
    alkaline phosphate
  15. ALT
    • alanin transaminase
    • alanine aminotrtransferase
  16. AMA
    against medical advice
  17. AMI
    acute myocardial infarction
  18. AODM
    adult onset diabetes mellitus
  19. AP
    apical pulse
  20. APSGN
    acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
  21. ARF
    acute renal failure
  22. ASD
    atrial septal defect
  23. AST
    aspartate aminotransferase
  24. ATN
    acute tubular necrosis
  25. AU
    both ears
  26. AVB
    atrio-ventricular block
  27. BBS
    bilateral breath sounds
  28. BE
    barium enema
  29. BG
    blood glucose
  30. BI
    brain injury
  31. BID
    twice a day
  32. bilat
    bilateral
  33. B/K
    below knee
  34. BM
    • bowel movement
    • breast milk
  35. BP
    blood pressure
  36. BPH
    benign prostate hypertrophy
  37. BRM
    biologic response modifiers
  38. BRP
    bathroom priviledges
  39. BS
    bowel sounds
  40. BSA
    body surface area
  41. BSE
    breast self examination
  42. BT
    bowel tones
  43. BUN
    blood urea nitrogen
  44. C&S
    culture and sensitivity
  45. Ca
    • calcium
    • cancer
    • carcinoma
  46. CABG
    coronary artery bypass graft
  47. CAPD
    continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
  48. CAT
    computerized tomography scan
  49. CBC
    completer blood count
  50. CBD
    Common bile duct
  51. CBE
    clinical breast examination
  52. CBG
    capillary blood glucose
  53. CBI
    continuous bladder irrigation
  54. CBS
    capillary blood sugar
  55. CC
    chief complaint
  56. CCK
    cholecystokinin
  57. CCPD
    continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis
  58. CEA
    cultured intraepithelial autograft
  59. CFT
    complement-fixation test
  60. CIN
    cervical intraepithelial neoplasm
  61. CL
    cleft lip
  62. CMS
    circulation, motion, sensation
  63. CO
    cardiac output
  64. COPD
    chronic obstuctive pulmonary disease
  65. CP
    • chest pain
    • cleft palate
  66. CPAP
    continuosu positive airway pressure
  67. CPD
    cephalo-pelvic disporportion
  68. CPP
    cerebral perfusion pressure
  69. CPPD
    chest percussion and post drainage
  70. CRF
    chronic renal failure
  71. CRRT
    continuous renal replacement therapy
  72. CRT
    capillary refill time
  73. CSF
    • cerebrospinal fluid
    • colony stimulating factors
  74. CT
    • chest tube
    • computed tomography
  75. CVA
    • cerebral vascular accident
    • costovertebral angle
  76. CVP
    central venous pressure
  77. Cx
    cervix
  78. CXR
    chest x-ray
  79. DAT
    diet as tolerated
  80. DC
    discontinue
  81. DCCT
    diebetes control and complication trials
  82. DEX or DXT
    blood sugar
  83. DIC
    disseminated intravascular coagulation
  84. DKA
    diabetic ketoacidosis
  85. DNA
    deoxyribonucleic acid
  86. DNR
    do not resuscitate
  87. DVT
    deep vein thrombosis
  88. Dx
    diagnosis
  89. EBV
    esptein-barr virus
  90. ECF
    • extracellular fluid
    • extended care facility
  91. EENT
    eye, ear, nose and throat
  92. EMC
    ensephalomyocarditis
  93. EMG
    electromyogram
  94. ERCP
    endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  95. ESRD
    end stage renal failure
  96. ET
    endotracheal tube
  97. F&R
    force and rhythm
  98. FA
    fatty acid
  99. FBS
    fasting blood sugar
  100. FD
    • fatal dose
    • focal distance
  101. FDA
    food and drug administation
  102. Fx
    fracture
  103. FUO
    fever of unknown origin
  104. FVD
    fluid volume deficit
  105. GB
    gallbladder
  106. GERD
    gastroesophageal reflux disease
  107. GFR
    glomerular filtration rate
  108. GGT
    gamma-glutamyl transferase
  109. GI
    gastrointestinal
  110. GOT
    glutamic oxalic transaminase
  111. GU
    genitourinary
  112. GVHD
    graft-versus-host-disease
  113. HA
    headache
  114. Hb
    hemoglobin
  115. HCG
    human chorionic gonadotropin
  116. HCO3
    bicarbonate
  117. HCT
    hematocrit
  118. HD
    hemodialysis
  119. HDL
    High density lipoprotein
  120. HEENT
    head, eye, ear, nose and throat
  121. Hgb
    hemoglobin
  122. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  123. HRT
    hormone replacement therapy
  124. HS
    bedtime
  125. Hx
    history
  126. IBC
    iron binding capacity
  127. IBD
    inflammatory bowel disease
  128. IBS
    irritable bowel syndrom
  129. IBW
    ideal body weight
  130. ICCE
    intracapsular cataract extraction
  131. ICF
    intermediate care facility
  132. ICP
    intercranial pressure
  133. ICS
    intercostal space
  134. ICT
    inflammation of connective tissue
  135. ICU
    intensive care unit
  136. IDM
    infant of diabetes mother
  137. IDDM
    insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
  138. IE
    inspiratory exerciser
  139. IH
    infectious hepatitis
  140. IHD
    ischemic heart disease
  141. IIP
    implantable insulin pump
  142. IM
    intramuscular
  143. IMV
    intermittent mandatory ventilation
  144. INR
    internation normalization ratio
  145. IPD
    intermittent peritoneal dialysis
  146. IPPB
    intermittent positive pressue breathing
  147. ITP
    immune thrombocytopenic purpura
  148. IV
    intravenous
  149. IVF
    in vitro fertilization
  150. IVP
    intravenous pyleography
  151. JAMA
    journal of the american medical association
  152. JVP
    jugular venous pressure
  153. K
    potassium
  154. KCI
    potassium cholide
  155. KI
    potassium iodide
  156. KUB
    kidney, ureter, bladder
  157. KVO
    keep
  158. vein open
  159. L&A
    light and accomodation
  160. LAD
    left anterior descending (artery)
  161. LB
    large bowel
  162. LDL
    low density lipoprotein
  163. LE
    lupus erythematosus
  164. LFTs
    liver function tests
  165. LIJ
    left internal jugular
  166. LLQ
    left lower quadrant
  167. LMP
    last menstrual period
  168. LP
    lumbar puncture
  169. LSC
    left subclavian
  170. LUQ
    left upper quadrant
  171. MAP
    mean aterial pressure
  172. MAR
    medication administration record
  173. MCL
    modified chest lead
  174. MDI
    multiple daily vitamin
  175. MI
    myocardial infarction
  176. MLC
    midline catheter
  177. MM
    mucous membrane
  178. MoAbs
    monoclonal antibodies
  179. MOM
    milk of magnesia
  180. MRDD
    mental retarded/developmentally delayed
  181. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  182. MRM
    modified radiacal meastectomy
  183. MS
    • multiple scelosis
    • morphine sulfate
  184. Na
    sodium
  185. NacL
    SODIUM CHLORIDE
  186. NED
    no evidence or disease
  187. NICU
    neonatal intensive care unit
  188. NIDDM
    non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
  189. NKA
    no known allergies
  190. NKDA
    non-ketotic diabetic acidosis
  191. NKMA
    no known medication allergies
  192. NPD
    nightly peritoneal dialysis
  193. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  194. NSAID
    nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
  195. NTD
    neural tube defect
  196. NV
    nausea & vomiting
  197. NYD
    not yet diagnosed
  198. OD
    right eye
  199. OGTT
    oral glucose tolerance test
  200. ORIF
    open reduction internal fixation
  201. OS
    left eye
  202. OU
    both eyes
  203. PABA
    para-aminobenzoic acid
  204. pc
    after meals
  205. PCA
    • patient controlled analgesia
    • posterior communicating artery
  206. PCN
    • penicillin
    • primary care nurse
  207. PCV
    packe cell volume
  208. PD
    peritoneal dialysis
  209. PDA
    • patent ductus arteriosus
    • posterior descending artery
  210. PDD
    pervasive development disorder
  211. PDR
    physician's desk reference
  212. PEG
    percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
  213. PEJ
    percutaneous endoscopic jejunosotomy
  214. PERL
    pupils equal, react to light
  215. PERRLA
    pupils equal round reactive to light, accomodation
  216. PET
  217. PET
    position emission tomography
  218. PFT
    pulmonary function test
  219. PG
    prostaglandin
  220. PH
    past history
  221. PI
    present illness
  222. PICC
    peripherally inserted central venous catether
  223. PID
    pelvic inflammatory disease
  224. PMI
    Point of maximal impulse
  225. PNH
    paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
  226. PO
    by mouth
  227. PRBC
    packed red blood cells
  228. PS
    pyloric stenosis
  229. PSA
    prostate specific antigen
  230. PT
    prothrombin time
  231. PTT
    partial thromboplastin time
  232. PUD
    peptic ucler disease
  233. PVD
    peripheral vascular disease
  234. Px
    pneumothorax
  235. QD
    everyday
  236. QID
    four times a day
  237. Qns
    quantity not sufficient
  238. QOD
    every other day
  239. qs
    • quantity sufficient
    • quantity required
  240. RA
    rheumatoid arthritis
  241. RAD
    reactive airway disease
  242. RAI
    radioactive iodine
  243. RAIU
    radioactive iodine uptake
  244. RCA
    right coronary artery
  245. RDW
    red cell distribution width
  246. REEDA
    redness, swelling, ecchymosis, drainage, approximation
  247. RHD
    • rheumatoid heart diease
    • relative hepatic dullness
  248. RIJ
    right internal jugular
  249. RLQ
    right lower quadrant
  250. RM
    respiratory movement
  251. ROM
    range of motion
  252. ROS
    review of systems
  253. RSC
    right subclavian
  254. RUQ
    right upper quadrants
  255. Rx
    • medication
    • pharmacy
    • prescription
  256. S/S
    signs and symptoms
  257. SAB
    spontaneous abortion
  258. SAST
    serum aspartate aminotransferase
  259. SB
    spina bifida
  260. SBO
    small bowel obstruction
  261. SGPT
    serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase
  262. SLE
    systemic lupus erythematosus
  263. SNF
    skilled nursing facility
  264. SOB
    shortness of breath
  265. SR
    sedimentation rate
  266. SS
    social services
  267. STD
    sexually transmitted disease
  268. STH
    somatotropic hormone
  269. STM
    short term memory
  270. SUI
    stress urinary incontinenece
  271. SVR
    systemic vascular resistance
  272. Sx
    symptoms
  273. T3
    triiodothyronine
  274. T
  275. T4
    thyroxine
  276. TBSA
    total body surface area
  277. TCDB
    turn, cough, deep breathe
  278. TED (hose)
    thrombo-embolism deterrent
  279. TEP
    transesophageal puncture
  280. THR
    total hip replacement
  281. TIA
    transcient ischemic attack
  282. TIBC
    total iron binding capacity
  283. TID
    three times a day
  284. TIL
    tumor infiltrating lymphocytes
  285. TKR
    total knee replacement
  286. TNF
    tumor necrosis factor
  287. TNM
    tumor node metastases
  288. TTN
    transient tachypnea of the newborn
  289. TTP
    thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura
  290. TNTC
    too numerous to mention
  291. TP
    tuberculin precipitation
  292. TPN
    total parenteral nutrition
  293. TUPR
    trans-urethral prostatic resection
  294. TUR or TURP
    trans-urethral resection fo the prostate
  295. TWB
    touch weight bear
  296. TWE
    tap water enema
  297. Tx
    • treatment
    • traction
  298. UA
    urinalysis
  299. UAO
    upper airway obstruction
  300. UBW
    usual body weight
  301. UGI
    upper gastrointestinal
  302. UPJ
    ureteropelvic junction
  303. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  304. US
    ultrasonic
  305. UTI
    urinary tract infection
  306. UVJ
    ureterovesical junction
  307. VA
    visual acuity
  308. VBAC
    vaginal birth after caeserean
  309. VF/Vfib
    ventricular fibrillation
  310. VLDL
    very lowe density lipoprotein
  311. VMA
    canillymandelic acid
  312. VSD
    ventricular septal defect
  313. VT/Vtach
    ventricular tachycardia
  314. VW
    vessel wall
  315. W/C
    wheelchair
  316. WBC
    white blood count
  317. WD
    well developed
  318. WHO
    world health organization
  319. WN
    well nourished
  320. WNL
    within normal limits

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