Alex's VOCAB a-c

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Alex's VOCAB a-c
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VOCAB CARDS a-c
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  1. A chronic or recurrent
    non-psychotic disorder characterized by anxiety, experienced or expressed
    directly or is altered through defense mechanisms.
    Neurosis
  2. Traditional Psychotic, emphasized
    loss of reality testing and impairment of mental functioning. Manifested by
    delusions, hallucinations, confusion, and impaired memory.
    Psychosis
  3. A process by which repressed
    material, particularly a painful experience or a conflict, is brought back to
    consciousness

    Person not only recalls, but
    relives the emotion n shit that he went through in the actual event.
    Abreaction
  4. nThinking characterized by the
    ability to grasp the essentials of a whole, to break a whole into its parts and
    to discern common properties.

    nTo think symbolically
    Abstract Thinking
  5. nReduced impulse to act and to
    think, associated with indifference about consequences of an action.

    nOccurs as a result of neurological
    deficit, depression, and schizophrenia
    Abulia
  6. nLoss of ability to do calculations,
    not caused by anxiety or impairment in concentration.

    nOccurs with neurological deficit
    and learning disorder.
    Acalculia
  7. nDisordered speech in which
    statements are incorrectly formulated.
    Acataphasia
  8. Lack of feeling associated with an
    ordinarily emotionally charged subject.

    In phychoanalysis, it denotes the patients detaching
    or transferring of emotion from thoughts and ideas.
    Acathexis
  9. nLoss of sensation of physical
    existence
    Acenesthesia
  10. Dread of high places
    Acrophobia
  11. behavioral response to an unconcious drive or impulse thats brings about temporary partial relief of inner tension relief is attained by reacting to a present situation as if it were the situation that originally gave rise to the drive or impulse. common in borderline states
    acting out
  12. nonsense speech associated with marked impairment of comprehension
    occus in mania schizophrenia and neurological defecit.
    aculalia
  13. inability to perform rapid alternating movements. occurse with neurologic defecit and cerebral lesions
    adiadochokinesia
  14. weakness and fatiagability, charecteristic of neurasthenia and depression
    adynamia
  15. excessive swallowing of air. seen in anxiety disorder
    aerophagie
  16. the subjective and immediate experience of emotion attached to ideas or mental representation of objects. affect has outward manifestations that can be classified as restricted, blunted, flattened, broad, labile, appropriate, or innappropriate. see also, mood
    affect
  17. lack or impairment of the sense of taste. seen in depression and neurological defecit
    ageusia
  18. forceful goal directed action that can be verbal or physical; the motor counterpart of the affect of rage, anger, or hostility. seen in neurological defecit, temporal lobe disorder, impulsive-control disorders, mania, and schizophrenia
    aggression
  19. severe anxiety associated with motor restlessness
    agitation
  20. inability to understand the importance or significance of sensory stimuli. cannot be explained by a defecit in sensory pathways or cerebral lesion; the term has also been used to refer to the selective loss or disease of knowledge of specific objects because of emotional circumstances, as seen in certain schizophrenic, anxious, and depressed patients. occurs with neurological defecit
    agnosia
  21. morbid fear of open places or leaving the familiar setting of home. may be present with or without panic attacks
    agorophobia
  22. loss or impairment of a previously possesed ability to write
    agraphia
  23. dread of cats
    ailurophobia
  24. subjective feeling of motor restlessnesss manifested by a compelling need to be in constant movement; may be seen as an extra pyramidal adverse effect of anti psychotic meication may be mistaken for psychotic agitation
    akathisia
  25. lack of physical movement as in the extreme immobility of catatonic schizophrenia' can also occur as an extrapyramidal effect of anti psychotic medication
    akinesia
  26. absence of voluntary morot movement or speech in a patient who is apparently alert(as exidenced by eye movements) seen in psychotic depression and catatonic states
    akinetic mutism
  27. loss of a previously possessed reading facility' not explained by defective visual acuity. comapre with dyslexia
    alexia
  28. inability or difficulty in describing or being aware of ones emotions or moods; elaboration of fantasies associated with depression, substance abuse, and PTSD
    alexithymia
  29. dread of pain
    algophobia
  30. inability to speak because of a mental deficiency or an episode of dementia
    alogia
  31. coexistance of two opposing impulses toward the same thing in the same person at the same time. seen in schizophrenis, borderline states, and OCD's
    ambivalence
  32. lack of ability to make gestures or comprehend those made by others
    amimia
  33. partial or total inability to recall past experiences; may be organic(amnestic disorder) or emotional(dissociative amnesia) in origin
    amnesia
  34. disturbed capacity to name objects, even though they are known to the patients. also called anomic aphasia
    amnestic aphasia
  35. depending on others, especially as the infant on the mother' anaclitic depression in children results from an absence of mothering
    anaclitc
  36. state in which one feels little or no pain. can occur under hypnosis and in dissociative disorder
    analgesia
  37. repetitous or stereotyped behavior or thought usually used as a tension reliving device. used as a synonym for obsession and seen in obsessive compulsive(anankastic)personality
    anancasm
  38. combination of culturally determined demale and male characteristics in one person
    andrygyny
  39. lack of energy
    anergia
  40. loss of interest in and withdrawl from all regular and pleasurable activities. often associated with depression
    anhedonia
  41. inability to recall the names of objects
    anomia
  42. loss or decrease in appetite. in anorexia nervosa appetite may be preserved but the patient refuses to eat
    anorexia
  43. inability to recognize a physical defecit in oneself(e.g.) patient denies paralyzed limb
    anosognosia
  44. loss of memory for events subsequent to the onset of the amnesia' common after trauma. compare with retrograde amnesia
    anterograde amnesia
  45. feeling of apprehension caused by anticipation of danger, which may be internal or external
    anxiets
  46. dulled emotional tone associated with detachment or indifference; observed in certain types of schizophrenia and depression
    apathy
  47. any disturbance in the comprehension or expression of language caused by a brain lesion
    aphasia
  48. loss of voice. seen in conversion disorder
    aphonia
  49. awarness of the meaning and significance of a particular sensory stimulus as modified by ones own experience knowledge thought and emotions. see also perception
    apperception
  50. emotional tone in harmony with the accompanying idea thought or speech
    appropriate affect
  51. inability to perform a voluntary purposeful motor activity; cannot be explained by paralysis or other motor or sensory impairment. in constructional apraxia, a patient cannot draw two or three dimensional forms
    apraxia
  52. inability to stand or to walk in a normal manner even though normal leg movements can be performend in a sitting or lying down position seen in conversion disorder
    astasia abasia
  53. inabilirt ro identify familiar objects by though seen with neurological deficit see also neurologic amnesia
    astereogensis
  54. disorder of language in which the patient combines unconnected ideas and images. commonly seen in schizophrenia
    asyndesis
  55. lack of coordination physical or mental 1) in neurology refers to loss of muscular coordination 2) in psychiatry the term intrapsychic ataxia refers to lack of coordination between feeligns and thoughts' seen in schizophrenia and severe OCD
    ataxia
  56. loss of muscel tone see waxy flexibility
    atonia
  57. concentration; the aspect of concioussness that relates to the amount of effort exerted in focusing on certain aspects of an experience, activity, or task. usually impaired in anxiety and depressive disorders
    attention
  58. false perception of sound, usually voices but also other noises such as music. most common hallucination in psychiatric disorders
    auditory hallucination
  59. 1) warning sensations such as automatisms fullness in the stomach blushing and changes in respiration; cognitive sensations and mood states usually experienced before a seizure 2) a sensory prodrome that precedes a classic migraine headach
    aura
  60. thinking in which the thoughts are largley narcissistic and egocentric with emphasis on subjectivity rather than objectivity and without regard for reality; used interchangably with autism and dereism, seen in schizophrenia and autistic disorder
    autistic thinking
  61. sum total of the psyche that includes impulses motications wishes drives instincts and cravings as expressed by a persons behavior or motor activity also called conation
    behavior
  62. feeling of grief or desolation especially at the death or loss of a loved one
    bereavment
  63. false belief that is patently absurd or fantastic(e.g. invaders from space have implanted electrodes in a persons brain) common in schizophrenia. in nonbizarre delusion., content is usually within the range of possibility.
    bizarre delusion
  64. amnesia experienced by alcoholics about behavior during drinking bouts' usually indicates reversible brain damage
    blackout
  65. abrupt interrupotion in train of thinking before an idea or thought is ginished. after a brief pause the person indicates no recall of what was being said or was going to be said*(also known as thought deprivation or increased thought latency) common in schizophrenia and severe anxiety
    blocking
  66. disturbance of affect manideted by a severe reducation in the intensity of externalized feeling tone; one of the fundamental symptoms of schizophrenia, as outlined by Eugene Bleuler
    blunted affect
  67. slowness of motor activit with a decrease in normal spontaneous movement
    bradykinesia
  68. abnormally slow speech common in depression
    bradyllalia
  69. inability to read at normal speed
    bradylexia
  70. grinding or gnashing of the teeth typically occuring during sleep seen in anxiety disorder
    bruxism
  71. sensations of discomfort or pressure in the head(headache)
    carebaria
  72. condition in which persons maintain the body position into which they are placed' observed in sever cases of catatonic schizophrenia. also called waxy flexibility and cerea felixibilitas see also comman automatism
    catalepsy
  73. temporary sudden loss of muscle tonge, causing weakness and immobilization; can be precipitated by a variety of emotional states and is often followed by sleep. commonly seen in narcolepsy
    cataplexy
  74. excited uncontrolled motor activiy seen in catatonic schizophrenia. patients in catatonic state may suddenly erupt into an excited state and may be violent
    catatonic excitment
  75. voluntary assumption of an inappropriate or bizarre posture , generally maintained for long periods of times may switch unexpectedly with catatonic excitment.
    catotonic posturing
  76. fixed and sustained motoic position that is resistant to change
    catatonic rigidity
  77. stupor in which patients ordinarily are well aware of their surroundings
    catatonic stupor
  78. in psychoanalysis a conscious or unconscious investment of psychic energy in an idea concept object or person. compare with acathexis
    cathexis
  79. burning pain that can be organic or psychic in origin
    ausalgia
  80. headache
    cephalgia
  81. condition of a person who can be molded into a position that is then maintained; when an examiner moves the persons limb the limb feels as if it were made of wax also called catalepsy or waxy flexibility seen in schizophrenia
    cerea felibilitas
  82. movement disorder characterized by random and involuntary wuick jerky purposeless movements. seen in huntingons disease
    chorea
  83. disturbance in the associative thought and speech provesses in which a patient digresses into unecessary details and inappropriate thoughts before communicating the central idea. observe in schizophrenia obsessional disturbances and certain cases of dementia. see also tanentiality
    circumstantiality
  84. association or speech directed by the sound of a word rather than by its meaning. words have no logical connection. punning and rhyming may dominate the verbal behavior. seen most frequently in schizophrenia or mania
    clag association
  85. abnormal fear of closed or confining spaces
    claustrophobia
  86. an involuntary violent muscular contraction os spasm in which the muscels alternately contract and relax. characteristic phase in grand mal epilectic seizure
    clonic convulsion
  87. any disturbance of conciousness in which the person is not fully awake alert and oriented. occurs in delirium dementia and cognitive disorder
    clouding of conciousness
  88. disturbance of fluency involving an abnormally rapid rate and erratic rhythm of speech that impedes intelligibility; the affected individual is usually aware if communicative impairment
    clittering
  89. mental process of knowing abd becoming aware; function is closely associated with judgment
    cognition
  90. state of profound unconciousness from which a person cannot be roused with minimal or no detedtable responsivness to stimuli; seen in injury or disease in the brain, in systemic conditions such as diabetic ketoacidosis and uremia; and in intoxications with alcohol and other drugs. coma can also occur in severe catatonic states and in coaversion disorder
    coma
  91. coma in which a patient appears to be asleep but can be aroused (also known as akinetic mutism)
    coma vigil
  92. condition associated with catalepsy in which suggestions are followed automatically
    command automatism
  93. false perception of orders that a person may feel obliged to obey or unable to resist
    command hallucination
  94. a feeling toned idea
    complex
  95. a seizure charcterized by alterations in consiousness that may be accompanied by complex hallucinations ( sometimes olfactory) or illusions. during the seizure a state of impaired conciousness resembling a dream like state may occur and the patient may exhib repetitive automatic or semi purposeful behavior
    complex partial seizure
  96. pathological need to act on impulse that if resisted produces anxiety repetive behavior in response to an obsession or performed according to certain rules with no true end in itself other than to prevent something occuring in the future
    compulsion
  97. that part of a persons mental life concerned with cravings, strivings, motivations, drives, and wishes, as expressed through behavior or motor activity
    conation
  98. thinking characterized by actual things, events, andimmediate experience, rather than by abstractions; seen in young children,in those who have lost or never developed the ability to generalize(as in certain cognitive mental disorders) and in schizophrenic persons. compare with abstract thinking
    concrete thinking
  99. mental status in which one symbol stands for a number of components
    condensation
  100. unconcious filling of gaps in memory by imagining experience or events that have no basis in fact commonly seen in amnestic syndromes; should be differentieated from lying, see alsp paramnesia
    confabulation
  101. disturbances of conciousness manifested by a disordered orientation in relation to time place or person
    confusion
  102. state of awarness with no response to external stimuli
    consciousness
  103. inability to defecate or difficulty in deficating
    constipation
  104. reduction in intensity of feeling tone that is less severe than that of blunted affect
    constricted affect
  105. inability to copy a drawgin such as a cube clock or pentagon as a result of a brain lesion
    constructional apraxia
  106. the development of symbolic physical symptoms and distortions involving the voluntary muscels or special sense organs; not under the voluntary control and not explained by any physical disorder most common in conversion disorder but also seen in a variety of mental disorders
    converion phenomena
  107. an involuntary violent muscular contraction or spasm. see also clonis convulsion and tonic convulsion.
    convulsion
  108. involuntary use of vulgar or obscene language. observed in some cases of schizophrenia and in tourettes syndrome
    coprolilia
  109. eating of filth or feces
    coprophagia
  110. a private written language
    cryptographia
  111. a private spoken language
    cryptolalia
  112. paralysis of the muscels of accomodation in the eyes; observed at times as an autonomic adverse effect(anti cholonergic effecect) of antipsychotic or anti depressant medication
    cycloplegia

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