vocab quiz D

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vocab quiz D
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2011-06-26 18:08:21
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vocab quiz D
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  1. deterioration of psychic functioning caused by a breakdown of defense mechanisms. seen in psychotic states, deja entendu illusion that what one is hearing one has heard previously. see also paramnesia
    decompensation
  2. condition in which a thought never entertained before is incorrectly regarded as a repetition of a previous experience. see also paramnesia
    deja' vu
  3. acute reversible mental disorder characterized by confusion and some impairment of consciousness; generally associated with emotional lability ahhlucinations or illusions and inappropriate impulsive irrational or violent behavior
    delirium
  4. acute and sometimes fatal reaction to withdrawl from alcohol. usually occuring 72 to 96 hours after the cessation of heavy drinking; distinctive characteristics are marked autonomic hyperactivity(tachycardia fever hyperhidrosis, and dilated pupils) usually accompanied by tremulousness hallucinations illusions and delusions called alcohol withdrawl delirium in dsm-IV-tr see also formication
    delirium tremens
  5. false belief based on incorrect inference about external reality that is firmly held despite the fact that other members of the culture do not share the belief
    delusion
  6. false belief that a persons thoughts feelings will are being controlled by another
    delusion of control
  7. exxagerated conceptions of ones importance, power or identity
    delusion of grandeur
  8. false belief thats ones lover is unfaithful sometimes called pathological jealousy
    delusion of infedelity
  9. false belief of being harassed or persecuted; often found in litigous patients who have a pathological tendency to take legal action because of imagined mistreatment. most common delusion
    delusion of persecution
  10. false belief that one is bereft or will be deprived of all material personal possesions
    delusion of poverty
  11. false belief that the behavior of others refers to oneself or that events objects or other people have a particular and usual significance usually of a negative nature. derived from the idea of reference in which persons falsely feel that others are talking about them(e.g. belief that people on television or radio are talking to or about the person) see also thought broadcasting
    delusion of reference
  12. false feeing of remorse and guilt seen in depression with psychotic features
    delusion of self accusation
  13. mental disorder characterized by general impairment in intellectual functioning without clouding of conciousness characterized by failing memory difficulty with calculations ,distractability, alterations in mood and affect, imparied judgment and abstraction, reduced facility with language and disturbance of orientation. although irreversible because of underlying progressive degenerative brain disease dementia may be reversible if the cause can be treated
    dementia
  14. defense mechanism in which the existance of unpleasant realities is disavowed; refers to keeping out of conscious awarness any aspects of external reality that is acknowledged would produce anxiety
    denial
  15. sensation of unreality concerning oneself parts of oneself or one environment that occurs under extreme stress or fatigue. seen in schizophrenia depersonalization disorder and schizotypal personality disorder
    depersonalization
  16. mental state characterized by feelings of sadness loneliness despair low self esteem and self reproach; accomanying signs include psychomotor retardation or at times agitation withdrawal from interpersonal contact and vegetative symptoms such as insomnia and anorexia. the term refers to a mood that is so characterized or a mood disorder
    depression
  17. gradual or sudden deviation in train of thought without blocking; sometimes used synonymously with loosening of association
    derailment
  18. sensation of changed reality or that ones surroundings have been altered. usually seen in schizophrenia panic attacks and dissociative disorders
    derealization
  19. mental activity that follows a totally subjective and idiosyncratic system of logic and fails to take the facts of reality or experience into consideration. characteristic of schizophrenia. see also autistic thinking
    dereidm
  20. characterized by distant interpersonal relationships and lack of emotional involvement
    detachment
  21. defense mechanism in which a person attributes excessively negative qualities to self or others. seen in depression and paranoid personality disorder
    devaluation
  22. decreased sexual interest and drive(increased libido is often associated with mania)
    diminished libido
  23. compulsion to drink alcoholic bevrages
    dipsomania
  24. 1)removal of an inhibitory effect as in the reduction of the inhibitory function of the cerebral cortex due to alcohol 2) in psychiatry a greated freedom to act in accordance with inner drives or feelings and with less regard for restraints dictated by cultural norms or ones superego
    disinhibition
  25. confusion impairment of awarness of time place and person(the position of the self in relation to other persons) characteristic of cognitive disorders
    disorientation
  26. unconscious defense mechanism by which the emotional component of an unacceptable idea or object is transferred to a more acceptable one. seen in phobias
    displacement
  27. unconcious defense mechanism involving the segregation of any group of mental or behavioral processes from the rest of the persons psychic activity; may entail the seperation of an idea from its accompanying emotional tone, as seen in dissociative and conversion disorders. seen in dissociative disorders
    dissociation
  28. inability to focus ones attention the patient does not respond to the task at hand but attends to irrelevant phenomena in the environment
    distractability
  29. massive or pervasive anxiety usually related to a specific danger
    dread
  30. altered state of conciousness, likened to a dream sitauation, which develops suddenly and usually lasts a few minutes; accompanied by visual auditory, and olfactory hallucinations. commonly associated with temporal love lesions.
    dreamy state
  31. state of impaired awarness associaed with a desire or inclination of sleep
    drowsiness
  32. difficulty in articulation the motor activity of shaping sounds into speech not in word finding or in grammar
    dysarthia
  33. difficulty in performing calculations
    dyscalculia
  34. impaired sense of taste
    dysgeusia
  35. difficulty in writing
    dysgraphia
  36. diffficulty in performing movements seen in extrapyramidal disorders
    dyskinesia
  37. faulty articulation caused by structural abnormalities of the articulatory organs or impaired hearing
    dyslalia
  38. specific learning disability syndrome involving an impairment of the previously aquired ability to read; unrelated to the persons intelligence. compare with alexia
    dyslexia
  39. impaired ability to gauge distance relative to movements seen in neurological deficit
    dysmetria
  40. impaired memory
    dysmnesia
  41. physical pain in sexual intercourse usually emotionally caused and more commonly experienced by women; can also result from cystitis urethritis or other medical conditions
    dyspareunia
  42. difficulty in swallowing
    dysphagia
  43. difficulty in comprehending oral language(reception dysphasia) or in trying to express verbal language (expressive dysphasia)
    dysphasia
  44. difficulty or pain in speaking
    dysphonia
  45. feeling of unpleasantness or discomfort; a mood of general dissatisfaction and restlessness. occurs in depression and anxiety
    dysphoria
  46. loss of normal speech melody(prosody) common in depression
    dysprosody
  47. extrapyramidal motor disturbance consisting of slow sustained contractions of the axial or appendicular musculature; one movement often predominates leading to relatively sustained postural deviations; acute dystonic reactions (facial graimcing and torticollis) are occasionally seen with the initiation of antipsychotic drug therapy.
    dystonia

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