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PRIMARILY A GUIDE TO AID FIRST RESPONDERS IN
QUIKLY IDENTIFYING THE SPECIFIC OR GENERIC HAZARDS OF THE MATERIAL involved in the incident, and protecting themselves and the public during initial response
identify the material
use the following to find the identification # 4 digit ID
placard, orange panel, shipping paper, or package (after UN/NA)
NAME OF THE MATERIAL FROM:
A SHIPPING DOCUMENT OR PACKAGE
STEP 2 IDENTIFY ___ USING :
SHOULD NOT BE CONSIDERED A SUBSTITUTE FOR:
EMERGENCY TRAINING, KNOWLEDGE OR SOUND JUDGEMENT
LEFT PAGE OF GUIDE
RIGHT PAGE OF GUIDE
EMERGENCY RESPONCE GUIDANCE AND ACTIVITIES FOR FIRE SITUATIONS, SPILL OR LEAK INCIDENTS, AND FIRST AID
EACH GUIDE HAS ___ MAIN SECTIONS, THEY ARE:
POTENTIAL HAZARDS, PUBLIC SAFETY, EMERGENCY RESPONCE
IN THE GUIIDE SECTION UNDER EMERGENCY RESPONCE INFO ON FIRST AID IS...
GENERAL GUIDANCE PRIOR TO SEEKING MEDICAL CARE
IT IS THE __OR__ OF THE MATERIAL VAPOR THAT POSES PROBLEMS NOT ITS MERE PRESENCE
QUANTITY OR CONCENTRATION
The initial isolation distance is a distance within which...
All persons should be considered for evacuation in all directions from the actual spill/leak source
The initial isolation distance ___ within which persons may be exposed to __ upwind and __ downwind.
- Dangerous concentrations
- Life threatening cocentrations
Proactive actions are those steps... People in this area should be...
- Taken to preserve the health and safety of emergency responders and the public
- Evacuated or sheltered in place
All distances which are listed in the green-bordered pages are calculated by the use of...
Mathmatical models for each TIH material
For assignment of hazard zones refer to...
TIH AND NON-TIH GUIDES #...
TIH and water reactive guides #...
The first duty is to...
Cocider the safety of all people in the immediate area, including yoir own
The hazard class of dangerous goods is indicated by...
Its claas or division num er or name
____ are used to identify the class or division of a material
The hazard class or division # must be displayed ___ of a placard and is required for __
- Lower corner
- Primary and subsidiary hazard classes and divisions
For other than __ text on placards is not required
Class 7 or oxygen
Must appear on the shipping document after each proper shipping name
Hazard class or division # and subsidiary hazard class or division #s placed in parentheses
# of divisions under explosives
# of divisions under gases
# of divisions under flammable solids
# of divisions under oxidizing substances and organic peroxides
# of divisions under toxic substances and infectious substances
The classes that have divisions
- Flammable liquids
- Flammable solids
Asterisks* on orange placards represent ___ ; refer to
- (word for word from bottom of page 15)
- Asterisks* on orange placards represent explosives "compatability group" letters; refer to the glossary (357)
Double asterisks ** on orange placards represent the...
Division of the explosive
Hazardous materials commonly transported through underground pipelines include:
natural gas, crude oil, gasoline, deisel fuel, & jet fuel
Surface indications of a liquid pipeline leak can include:
- Liquids bubling
- Oil slick
- Flames from ground
- Vapor clouds
Liquid pipeline transportation structures-
Storage tanks, valves, pump stations, aerial patrol markers
Liquid and natural gas pipeline signs will often appear at ___.
Signs will include...
___ will appear on the signs
- Road, railroad, and waterway Property boundries
- Operaters name, product transported, and an emergency phone # for the operator
- Warning, caution, or danger
Gas transmission pipelines are...
Large-diameter, steel lines transporting flammable, toxic, or corosive gas at very high pressure.
Gas distribution pipeline above ground indications
Regulator stations, customer meter & regulators, and valve box covers
Natural gas distribution lines are___ made from___.
- Smaller diameter, lower pressure,
- Steel, plastic, or cast iron
Should you notice a leak or a spill be cautious concerning the risks of...
Asphyxiation, flammability as well as the danger of a potential explosion
Distances in table 1 show areas likely to be affected during the ___ after materials are spilled and could increase with__
Protective action zone defines an area downwind, which persons may become...
incapacitated and unable to take protective action and/or incur serious or irreversible health effects.
Adjusting distances for a specific incident involves ___ and should be made only by __.
- Many interdependent variables
- Personnel te hnically qualified to make adjustments
Factors that may change protective action distances...
- If fire is involved toxic hazard may be less important than fire or explosion hazard
- More than one thing leaking large spill may need to be increased
- Certain atmospheric conditions
- -tall building
- -daytime spills with strong wind inversions or snow cover
- -near sunset
- -Temp exceeds 30°C-
- -WRM spilled in rivers or streams
- -instantaneous releaseof package due to terrorism,sabatage or catastropic accident
For ___ doubling the initial and proactive distances is appropriate in absence of other information
Instantaneous release of entire contents result of terrorism, sabatoge, or catastrophic event
When will the public need continuing information and instructions?
While being evacuated or sheltered in-place
Persons protected-in-place should be warned to...
Stay away from windows because of the danger from glass and projected metal fragments in a fire or explosion.
Exception for certain chemical warfare agents
Large spills -
These agents are ...
- Small spills-2 kg
- Large spills -25 kg
Direct all persons to move, in a __ direction away from the spill
PROTECTIVE ACTION DISTANCES
TABLE 1 gives the downwind distances-in ___and___
Kilometers and miles
There are two general types of firefighting foam:
- And alcohol resistant
refer to the___to determine which type of foam is recommended.
The decision to use water on WRM should be based on information from...
An athoritive source
Water may be effective in mitigating an incident involving WRM only if...
It can be sjpplied at an sufficient rate for an extended period
Before using water spray or other methods to safely control vapor emissions or to suppress ignition, obtain___,based on
- Technical advice,
- Specific chemical name identification.
If normal insect activity is missing check...
If near water check
- The ground/water for dead insects
- Check for dead fish/aqutic birds
Indicator of possible___ for unexplained odors
Indicator of possible___incident for unusual numbers of dying or sick people (mass casualties)
Indicator of possible___incident for Abandoned spry devices
Safety considerations for CB or radioactive incidents
__ must be worn
Protective clothing and respiratory protection of appropriate level of safety
CBRN used as weapons __ with __ are highly recommended
- NIOSH-certified respirators
- CRBN protection