phleb 2

The flashcards below were created by user ypineda on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. certified phlebotomy technician I
    a person who has completed education, training, experience and examination requirements specified by the Department of Health in California. They are certified to perform skin puncture, venipunctures, and arterial punctures
  2. Certified Phlebotomy Technician II
    the person who has completed education, training, experience and examination requirements specified by the Department of Health in California. They are certified to perform skin puncutre, venipunctures, and arterial punctures
  3. certifying agency
    called a national accreditation or accrediting board or agency; an organization, agency or body that creates competency examinations that measure the skill, knowledge and aptitude required of an individual in a profession, occupation or discipline
  4. chemical hazards
    chemicals that can be harmful to man and the environment
  5. chemical spills
    when a chemical spills from its original container; usually thought to be a danger to the person who spills the chemical and others who are nearby. The MSDS provide information as to how to handle the spill
  6. chlorhexidine
    an anti-inefective agent; An antiseptic solution for cleaning the site of an arterial puncture
  7. circuit breaker
    a device that automatically interrupts the flow of an electric current, as when the current becomes excessive
  8. clean catch
    a urine sample that is "caught" while the person is in the process of urinating; the person begins to urinate and a sterile container is inserted into the urinary stream to collect a sample. This urine sample is relatively free of organisms that might be found inside the urethra. CHECK THIS BEFORE ACCEPTING
  9. clinical chemistry
    the majority of testing takes place here, including (but not limited to): electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride, carbon dioxide), creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), glucose, cholesterol
  10. clot activator
    a substance that helps blood to clot. Examples include glass or silica particles. Natural examples include thromboplastin and thrombin
  11. coagulation
    the act of changing from a fluid to a soft semi-solid state. Blood that stops moving coagulates (clots)
  12. coagulation cascade
    can be separated into two seperate pathways, the intrinsic and extrinsic, both of which end in the formation of a fibrin clot
  13. collaborate
    an approach to conflict that manages by maintaining interpersonal relationships; ensures that both parties achieve their personal hoals; brings about a positive outcome for both parties
  14. collateral circulation
    means side-by-side or parallel. When an artery or vein narrows and closes, vessels that are along side or close by will enlarge and carry the blood from the vessels that have narrowed and closed
  15. complement
    in immunology, a protein in the blood or lymph acting with immune bodies to destroy bacteria
  16. compromise
    in a conflict assimes that all parties involved cannot have equally positive outcomes; bargains with respect to both parties' goals; persuades and manipulates to reach a compromise that is acceptable and partially satisfies all parties
  17. concentric circles
    circles that have a common center, like the layers of an onion
  18. conduct
    personal behavior; department; the way that a person acts
  19. conflict
    is a sate of disharmony caused by a class, confrontation, difference, opposition or unrest
  20. contact isolation
    isolation is the process of limiting the contact between the health care worker and an infected patient. In this type of isolation, precautions are taken to limit the direct touching of infected tissue and fluids by the health care worker; gloves and gowns are used
  21. contaminated needle
    a needle tath is no longer sterile, e.g. has touched a person's skin, a table top
  22. controller
    in a conflict, tries to overpower the opposing party in an authoritarian manner; conflict is seem as a wone or lose proposition; finger-pointing is more important than identifying the source of the conflict; a power-oriented mode
  23. cortisol
    closely related to cortisone; Anti-inflammatory agent; important for its regulatory action on metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, sodium, potassium, and proteins
  24. courtesy
    politeness or manners; especially politeness connected with kindness
  25. cryofibrinogen
    a protein present in the blood plasma, which through the action of thrombin in the prescence of calcium ions, is converted to fibrin ( at low temperatures); this is essential for clotting of blood
  26. cryoglobulin
    simple proteins found in the blood plasma or serum, with which antibodies are associated
  27. culture
    the growth of bacteria or other micro-organisms in a specially prepared mourishing substance, as agar. Also the concepts, habits, skills, art, instruments, institutions of a given people in a given period; civilization
  28. culture and sensitivity
    the growth of bacteria or other micro-organisms in a specially prepared nourishing substance (culture); the sensitivity of the microorganism to antibiotics (sensitivity)-used to determine the best antibiotic to kill a bacterium
  29. cumulative
    in medicine, the sudden action of certain drugs after several doses which have produced no apparent effect
  30. cupping
    involved the application of a heated suction appparatus call the "cup' to the skin to draw blood to the surface before severing the capillaries in that area by making a series of parallel incisions with a lancet
  31. cutdown
    an incision that is made by the doctor over a vein; usually used when placing a catherer into the vein. Blood is drawn by the phlebotomost below the cutdown site
  32. cytogenetics
    looks for chromosomal deficiencies that relate to genetic disease
  33. cytology
    examines body fluids and tissues for evidence of abnormality
  34. defamation of character
    damaged caused to a person's reputation through spoken (slander) or written (libel) word
  35. demographics
    the measurement of vital statistics, such as births, deaths, marriages of a population group
  36. density
    the quality of being close or compact. the quantity of number per unit, as in the density of population
  37. dialysis
    a method of removing impurities and water from a person's blood. This can be done in the abdomen (peritoneal) or from an artery/vein catherer (hemodialysis). This is usually done for a person who has failure ofteh kidneys (renal failure)
  38. diameter
    a straight line passing through the center of a circle-from one side to the other
  39. disharmony
    to be without harmony; in a work setting, not working together
  40. disinfectant
    a chemical or method that destroys or makes inactive the harmful bacteria, viruses, etc; to sterilize
  41. disposable
    equipment that is not reused-can be placed in the garbage, but attentionmust be paid as to whether the item needs to be placed in a biohazard container
  42. diurnal variations
    having to do with "daily" changes; happening every day. FILL IN FROM MEDICAL DICTIONARY
  43. diversity
    a diffeence, whether in gender, race, age, culture, ethnicity, religion, or physical ability
  44. Denis, Jean Baptiste
    performed the first successful blood transfusion of lamb blood into a human
  45. Doppler/ ultrasonic flow
    a test used to determine the prescence of collateral (side by side) blood flow
  46. dorsal hand vein
    the veins found on the back of the hand
  47. dorsal metacarpals
    bones found toward the back of the hand
  48. EAPs
    Employee assistance Programs are confidentia, short-term counseling services for employees with problems that affect their work performance
  49. edema
    swelling; an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the cells, tissues, or cavities of the body
  50. egyptians
    1400 B.C.; used blood baths as a means of resucitation and recuperation from illness; evidence of bloodletting forces, or magnetic attraction or repulsion
  51. electrical circuits
    electricity that moves around path (or current). Can produce heat, chemical reactions, light, mechanical forces, or magnetic attraction or repulsion
  52. electrical shock
    the energy that is possesed by a system because of the electric charges or current flowing in the system. Damage is caused by an electrical shock when electric charges come in contact with a surface that allows for the movement of electricity (e.g. wet skin0 resulting in, for example. heat (burn), chemical reactions (clotting of blood)
  53. electrolytes
    any substance which in solution is broken down into ions and is capable of conducting an electric current. Common examples found in the body include: potassium (K), sodium (Na), calcium (Ca), chloride (Cl)
  54. emesis basin
    a small, plastic, kidney-shaped bsin into which the patient spits or vomits (emesis)
  55. engineering controls
    one of the primary methods used to control the transmission of HBV, HIV, and other blood-borne pathogens by removing or isolating the hazard, or isolating the worker from exposure
  56. enteric isolation
    controlling the health care worker's exposure to fluids coming from the bowels (e.g. diarrhea, vomitus). The transmission of Hepatitis a is through exposure to feces; fecal-oral route transmission
  57. ergonomics
    ergo: work; nomics: study. The study of the capacities and requirements of workers and their interaction with the equipment they use, work processes, and the work environment
Card Set
phleb 2
Show Answers