phleb 3

Card Set Information

phleb 3
2011-06-26 21:06:04

Show Answers:

  1. erythema
    a redness of the skin resulting from dilation and or congestion of capillaries
  2. ethics
    conforming to the standards of conduct of a given profession or group
  3. etiquette
    the forms, manners, and ceremonies establishedby as acceptable or required in a society, in a profession, or in official life
  4. expecations
    that which is expected, looking for, due, proper, or necessary
  5. extinguisher
    a tool used to control, contain and/or put out a fire. There are 4 types of extinguishers: A (paper, cloth, wood, plastic), B (flammable solvents), C (electrical), D (combustible materials, metals)
  6. extrinsic pathway
    a coagulation pathway initiated by the realease of thromboplastin (factor III) from injured tissue and the activation of factor VII (proconvertin)
  7. evacuated tubes
    tubes for collection of specimens (usually blood) that had had the air removed; when a needle is inserted into the tube, air or fluid moves into the tube. The movement of air or fluid is caused by the vacuum inside the tube
  8. eyewash station
    an area of a laboratory that allows for a person to wash out their eyes when something has splashed into them
  9. fainting (syncope)
    aka syncope; this happens when not enough oxgen is getting to a person's brain. This might be the result of reduced blood volume (e.g. from bleeding toomuch), reduced oxygen carrying ability (the low homoglobin of anemia), and not getting enough oxygen (not breathing, suffocating)
  10. false imprisonment
    holding someone against his or her will
  11. fasting
    when a person stops eating. Some diagnostic test require that a person stops eating before the test (e.g. glucose, cholesterol) so that the sample is not affected by the food that is taken in
  12. felony
    an aspect of criminal law that carries a punishment of death or imprisonment in a state or federal prison
  13. femoral artery
    the artery that can be felt in the left and right groin areas. the artery can be felt for a pulse. It may be punctured bu the doctor to allow for blood to be withdrawn or may be entered to perform a procedure such as a heart catheterization
  14. finger sticks
    a method of taking a small sample of blood. thsi small sample is taken from the side of a finger and most commonly allows for the bedside measurement of a person's glucose (sugar) level
  15. fire extinguishers
    devices located throughout a work setting that allows a fire to be put out. Most commonly these devices contain chemicals that put out a fire by smothering it.
  16. fistula
    an abnormal hollow passafe from an abscess or cavity, or hollow organ to the skin or to another abscess, cavity or organ. Usually follows or accompanies an infection
  17. fraud
    intent to deprive another person of his right or in some manner cause injury
  18. gauge
    the size of a needle that is attached to a syringe or a part of other phlebotomy equipment, e.g. butterfly (winged) apparatus
  19. gauge number
    the number assigned to the size of the diameter of the lumen of a needle. the gauge number may be as low as 14 (a large gauge) to as high as 29 ( a small gauge). The correct gauge number is determined by what the needle is intended to do. Common sizes used by a phlebotomist are 21,22, and 23
  20. gas exchange
    the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen accross the alveolar walls of the capillaries of the lungs
  21. geriatrics
    the study of all aspects of aging including physiological, pathological, psychological, economic, and siociological problems of the elderly
  22. glucose
    another name for sugar. This sugar is present in a person's blood and is the main source of energy. the right amount of sugar must be present in the blood and problems come when there is too much or too little sugar. With too little sugar a person is not able to think, speak, and may pass out. With too much sugar the person may complain of dryness of the mouth, pass out, and their breath may smell of fruit
  23. glycolysis
    a normal body reaction in which gucose is broken down by an enzyme
  24. glycolytic action
    the activity of chemical that causes the breakdown of glucose
  25. graduation of a syringe
    the lines found on the barrel of a syringe that allows the health care worker to measure the amount of liquid with which the syringe is filled
  26. grounded
    in electricity, a connection with the ground, as from a wire conveying a current, so as to make the ground a part of the current. When a person becomes the ground to an electric current, that person receives an electric shock-resulting in a burn or chemical reaction
  27. guild of barbers/ surgeons
    1200 B.C.; divided surgeons into two groups: long robe and short robe; placed a striped pole from which a bleeding bowlwas suspended outside the door. The pole presented the rod the patient squeezed to promote bleeding; the white stripe presented the bandages used as tourniquets
  28. Harvey, William
    1578-1657; recognized the circulation of blood; discovered the purpose of valves in the veins
  29. heel sticks
    a pucture of the skin over the heel to get a sample of blood; usually done in newborns
  30. hematology
    the study of diseases of blood and blood forming tissues, such as leukemia, anemia, and infection
  31. hematoma
    a swelling beneath the skin that is filled with blood. A blood "tumor"
  32. hemoconcentration
    a state in which the blood containes a large proportion of solids (red and white blood cells) as compared to liquid (serum, plasma). This happens when a person does not drink enough liquid or when they have lost liquids, e.g. sweating, breathing fast, vomiting, diarrhea
  33. hemorrhage
    bleeding from a wound, an incision, or a vessel puncture
  34. heparin
    the anticoagulant of choice for plasma chemistry determinations; naturally occurring within the body
  35. Hippocrates
    father of medicine; theorized that disease was the result of exces substances such as blood, phlegm, black bile and yellow bile; removal of excess would restore balance
  36. histology
    prepares tissue specimens for pathologist to determine abnormalities
  37. hub
    the end of the needle that connects to the syringe
  38. hygiene
    to be sound, healthy; the science of health and its maintenance; system for the preservation of health and prevention of disease