Instruments

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gingembre
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92190
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Instruments
Updated:
2011-07-02 12:11:27
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Instruments
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Instruments
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  1. Name the members of the String family
    Violin (highest), viola, cello, doublebass (lowest)
  2. Name the members of the woodwind family
    flute (highest), oboe, clarinet, bassoon (lowest)
  3. Name the members of the Brass family
    horn, trumpet, trombone, tuba (lowest)
  4. Name the members of the Percussion family
    timpani (kettle drums), side drum, bass drum, cymbals, xylophone, tubular bells, glockenspiel, vibraphone
  5. Tuned percussion
    xylophone, glockenspiel
  6. Which instruments can play more than one note at a time?
    Piano, harp, string instruments (violin, viola, cello, bass)
  7. Which clef : violin
    treble
  8. which clef: viola
    Alto clef. If playing very high may sometimes use the treble clef)
  9. Which clef: cello?
    Bass (but sometimes the treble and tenor clef when playing high)
  10. Which clef: double bass?
    Bass clef
  11. Which clef: flute and oboe?
    treble clef
  12. Which clef: clarinet?
    treble clef
  13. Which clef: basson?
    Bass clef
  14. Which clef: horn
    Treble clef but sometimes bass clef
  15. Which clef: trumpet?
    Treble clef
  16. Which clef: trombone?
    Bass clef (but sometimes tenor clef if playing high)
  17. Which clef: tuba
    Bass clef
  18. Which clef: timpani?
    Bass clef: the timpani are kettle drums and are the only drums that are tuned to notes of a definate pitch.
  19. Which instruments are part of the double reed family?
    Oboe, basson, double bassoon, cor anglais and oboe d'amore
  20. Which instruments are part of the single reed family?
    clarinet (orchestral instrument), saxaphones (jazz, dance and military bands)
  21. What does "con sordini" or "con sord." mean?
    Which instruments might see this phrase on their music?
    • with mutes.
    • brass and string instruments
  22. What does "senza sordini" or "senza sord." mean?
    Which instruments might see this phrase on their music?
    • without mute
    • brass and string instruments
  23. What does "arco" mean?
    Which instruments might see this phrase on their music?
    • play with the bow
    • string instruments
  24. What does "pizzicato" mean?
    Which instruments might see this phrase on their music?
    • pluck
    • string instruments
  25. What is the difference between a cornet and a trumpet?
    Not alot. The trumpet is made from a longer tube. The trumpet plays in the orchestra, the cornet doesn't.
  26. What is a transposing instrument?
    An instrument that plays a note but poduces a sound of another note.g trumpet plays middle C but sounds as Bflat.
  27. What is 'concert pitch'?
    The pitch at we hear an instrument is known as concert pitch. When a trumpet plays middle C the note we hear is B flat (concert pitch)
  28. What are the strings on a violin?
    G (below middle C), D, A, E (above top c). Strings are a fifth apart.
  29. How many strings has a harp got?
    47
  30. How many pedals has a harp got?
    7
  31. Which instruments play in a string trio?
    Violin, viola and cello.
  32. Which instruments play in a string quartet?
    2 violins, viola, and a cello
  33. Which instruments play in a string quintet?
    • 2 violins, 2 violas and a cello OR
    • 2 violins, 1 viola and 2 cellos.
  34. Name the strings of the cello
    C (llowest, 2 octaves below middle C), G, D A (all one fifth apart)
  35. Name the strings of the viola
    C (One octave below middle C), G, D, A (All one fifth apart)
  36. Name the strings of the Double BAss
    E (Lowest, very low!), A, D, G. (all one fifth apart)
  37. What is a piccoclo?
    Tiny flute. Notes sound an octaver higher than written.
  38. Which brass instruments are transposing instruments?
    Cornet and trumpet (B flat) and French horn (F - i.e. play middle C and you hear F, one fifth below middle C)
  39. Which drums are tuned (pitched)?
    Timpani, usually 2 drums with a range of a perfect fifth.
  40. NAme some unpitched percussion instruments?
    bass drum, side drum, tambourine, cymbol, gong and triangle
  41. What is the range of notes for a violin?
    From G below middle c plus about 3.5 octaves
  42. What is the range of notes for a viola?
    From C (1 octave below middle C) plus 3.5 octaves
  43. What is the range of notes for a cello?
    From C (2 octaves below Middle C) plus 3.5 Octaves
  44. What is the range of notes for a recorder?
    • Descant - Middle C + 2 octaves and a tone
    • Treble - F above Middle C + 2 octaves and a tone
    • Tenor - Midlle C + 2 octaves and a tone
    • Bass - F (octave and half below Middle C) + octave and a major 6th
  45. What is the range of notes for a flute?
    Middle C + 3 octaves
  46. What is the range of notes for an oboe?
    Bflat (below middle C) + G (2.5 octaves above Middle C)
  47. What is the range of notes for a Cor Anglais?
    Similar to oboe but starts at B below middle C to E (2 and a bit octaves above middle C). Remember notes sound a fifth below than the written music.
  48. What is the range of notes for a bassoon?
    From B flat (just over 2 octaves below Middle C) to top E ( just over 1 octave above middle C)
  49. What is the range of notes for a clainet in B flat?
    From E below middle C to G 2.5 octaves above middle C) (Remember that the notes heard are a major second lower than the written notes)
  50. What is the range of notes for a Trumpet in B flat?
    From F sharp below middle C to C 2 octaves above middle C (Remember that the notes heard are a major second lower than the written notes)
  51. What is the range of notes for a horn in F?
    • From F 1.5 octaves below middle C to C 2 octaves above middle C (Remember that
    • the notes heard are a perfect fifth lower than the written notes)
  52. What is the range of notes for a tenor trombone?
    E (almost 2 octaves below middle C up to Bflat above middle C
  53. What is the range of notes for a tuba?
    D almost 3 octaves below middle C up to F above middle C

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