Chapter 9 The Urinary System

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  1. nephr/o
    means kidney
  2. ren/o
    means kidney
  3. pyel/o
    means renal pelvis
  4. -uria
    means urine
  5. urin/o
    means urine
  6. ureter/o
    means ureters
  7. cyst/o
    means urinary bladder
  8. vesic/o
    means urinary bladder
  9. urethr/o
    means urethra
  10. dia-
    means through, between, apart, complete
  11. -cele
    means hernia, tumor, swelling
  12. -chrome
    means color
  13. cyst/o
    means bladder
  14. -emia
    means blood condition
  15. -ectasis
    means enlargement or stretching
  16. glomerul/o
    means glomeruli
  17. -itis
    means inflammation
  18. lith/o
    means stone
  19. -lithiasis
    means presence of stones
  20. -lysis
    means breakdown, separation, setting free, destruction, loosening
  21. nephr/o
    means kidney
  22. -osis
    means abnormal condition
  23. -pathy
    means disease
  24. -pexy
    means surgical fixation
  25. -ptosis
    means or dropping down
  26. py-
    means pus
  27. pyel/o
    means renal pelvis
  28. ren/o
    means kidney
  29. -stasis
    means control
  30. -stenosis
    means abnormal narrowing
  31. -tic
    menas pertaining to
  32. -tripsy
    means to crush
  33. ureter/o
    means ureter
  34. urethr/o
    means urethra
  35. -uria
    means urination, urine
  36. anuria
    the complete suppression of urine formation by the kidneys
  37. catheterization
    insertion of a sterile catheter through the urethra and into the urinary bladder
  38. cystalgia
    pain in the urinary bladder
  39. cystectomy
    surgical removal of all or part of the urinary bladder
  40. cystitis
    inflammation of the bladder
  41. cystocele
    a hernia of the bladder through the vaginal wall
  42. cystography
    a radiographic examination of the bladder after instillation of a contrast medium via a urethral catheter
  43. cystolith
    presence of stones in the urinary bladder
  44. cystopexy
    surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall
  45. cystorrhagia
    bleeding from the bladder
  46. cystorrhaphy
    to suture the bladder
  47. cystoscopy
    visual examination of the urinary bladder using a cystoscopecystoscopy
  48. diuresis
    increased excretion of urine
  49. diuretics
    medications administered to increase urine secretion to rid the body of excess sodium and water
  50. dysuria
    difficult or painful urination
  51. enuresis
    the involuntary discharge of urine
  52. epispadias
    in the male, a congenital abnormality in which the urethral opening is located on the upper surface of the penis. in the female with epispadias, the urethral opening is in the region of the clitoris
  53. glomerulonephritis
    inflammation of the kidney involving primarily the glomeruli
  54. glomerulus
    is a cluster of capillaries surrounded by a membrane called the Bowman's capsule.
  55. hemodialysis
    removal of waste products by filtering the patient's blood
  56. homeostasis
    to control bleeding
  57. hydronephrosis
    dilation of the renal pelvis of one or both kidneys
  58. hydroureter
    distention of the ureter with urine that cannot flow because the ureter is blocked
  59. hypospadias
    in the male, congenital abnormality in which the urethral opening is on the undersurface of the penis. In the female with hypospadias, the urethral opening is into the vagina
  60. interstitial cystitis
    inflammation within the wall of the bladder
  61. lithotomy
    surgical incision for the removal of a stone; an examination position
  62. lithotripsy
    destruction of a kidney stone with the use of ultrasonic waves traveling through water; also know as extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy
  63. meatotomy
    an incision of the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening
  64. micturition

    aka: urination or voiding
    the normal process of excreting urine
  65. nephrectasis
    distention of a kidney
  66. nephritis
    inflammation of the kidney
  67. nephrolith
    presence of stones in the kidney; also known as renal calculus or a kidney stone
  68. nephrolithiasis
    a disorder characterized by the presence of stones in the kidney
  69. nephrolithotomy
    surgical removal of a kidney stone through an incision in the kidney
  70. nephrologist
    a specialist in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the kidneys
  71. nephrolysis
    freeing of a kidney from adhesions
  72. nephropathy
    disease of the kidney
  73. nephropexy
    surgical fixation of a floating kidney
  74. nephroptosis
    the downward displacement of the kidney; also known as a floating kidney
  75. nephropyosis
    formation or discharge of pus from the kidney
  76. nephrosis
    any abnormal condition of the kidney
  77. nephrostomy
    surgical establishment of an opening between the pelvis of the kidney through its cortex to the exterior of the body
  78. nephrotic syndrome
    a group of kidney diseases characterized by edema, hyperproteinuria, hypoproteinemia, and hyperlipidemia
  79. nocturia
    excessive urination during the night
  80. oliguria
    scanty urination
  81. paraspadias
    a congenital make abnormality in which the urethral opening is on one side or the penis
  82. peritoneal dialysis
    removal of waste products through fluid exchange in the peritoneal cavity
  83. polyuria
    excessive urination
  84. pyelitis
    inflammation of the renal pelvis
  85. pyelogram
    a radiographic (x-ray) study of the kidneys and ureters in which iodine is injected into a vein as a contrast medium to define these structures more clearly
  86. pyelonephritis
    inflammation of the renal pelvis and of the kidney
  87. pyeloplasty
    surgical repair of the renal pelvis
  88. pyelotomy
    a surgical incision into the renal pelvis
  89. suprapubic
    an indwelling catheter placed into the bladder through a small incision made through the abdominal wall just above the pubic bone
  90. uremia
    a toxic condition caused by excessive amounts of urea and other waste products in the bloodstream; also known as uremic poisoning
  91. ureterectasis
    distention of a ureter
  92. ureterectomy
    surgical removal of a ureter
  93. ureterolith
    presence of stones in a ureter
  94. ureteroplasty
    surgical repair of a ureter
  95. ureterorrhagia
    bleeding from the ureter
  96. ureterorrhaphy
    to suture a ureter
  97. ureterostenosis
    a stricture of the ureter
  98. urethralgia
    pain in the urethra
  99. urethritis
    inflammation of the urethra
  100. urethropexy
    surgical fixation of the urethra usually for the correction of urinary stress incontinence
  101. urethroplasty
    surgical repair of the urethra
  102. urethrorrhagia
    bleeding from the urethra
  103. urethrorrhaphy
  104. urethrorrhea
    an abnormal discharge from the urethra
  105. urethrostenosis
    a stricture of the urethra
  106. urethrostomy
    surgical creation of a permanent opening between the urethra and the skin
  107. urethrotomy
    a surgical incision into the urethra for relief of a stricture
  108. urography
    a radiographic examination that traces the action of the kidney as it processes and excretes dye injected into the bloodstream
  109. vesicovalginal fissure
    an abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina
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Chapter 9 The Urinary System
2011-06-29 00:33:39
Intro Medical Terminology

Chapter 9 The Urinary System
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