Chpt 13

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Chpt 13
2011-06-28 05:38:51

ch 13
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  1. psychological therapies
    • therapies based on psychological principles
    • psychotherapy
  2. biomedical therapies
    • treatments that focus on altering the brain
    • especially with drugs, psychosurgery, or electroconvulsive therapy
  3. client-centered therapy
    • a humanistic approach to treatment developed by Carl Rogers
    • emphasize an individual's tendency for healthy psychological growth through self-actualization
  4. reflection of feeling
    Carl Roger's technique of paraphrasing the clients' words, attempting to capture the emotional tone expressed
  5. group therapy
    • any form of psychotherapy done with more than one client or patient at a time
    • often done from a humanistic perspective
  6. self-help support groups
    • groups that provide social support & and opportunity for sharing ideas about dealing with common problems
    • typically organized & run by lay persons
    • Alcoholics Anonymous
  7. behavioral modification
    another term for behavior therapy
  8. systematic desensitization
    behavioral therapy technique in which anxiety is extinguished by exposing the patient to an anxiety-provoking stimulus
  9. exposure therapy
    • form of desensitization therapy
    • patient directly confronts the anxiety-provoking stimulus
  10. aversion theory
    • classical conditioning procedure
    • aversive counterconditioning involves presenting individuals with an attractive stimulus paired with unpleasant (aversive) stimulation in order to condition revulsion
  11. contingency management
    operant conditioning approach to changing behavior by altering the consequences of behavior
  12. token economy
    • operant technique applied to groups involving the distribution of "tokens" of other indicators of reinforcement contingent on desired behaviors
    • can later be exchanged for privileges, food, or other reinforcers
  13. cognitive-behavioral therapy
    a newer form of psychotherapy that combines the techniques of cognitive therapy with those of behavior therapy
  14. rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT)
    Albert Ellis's brand of cognitive therapy based on the idea that irrational thoughts & behaviors are the cause of mental disorders
  15. psychopharmacology
    pre-scribed use of drugs to help treat symptoms of mental illness ostensibly to ensure the individuals are more receptive to talk therapies
  16. antipsychotic drugs
    • medecines that diminish psychotic symptoms
    • usually by their effect on the dopamine pathways in the brain
  17. tardive dyskinesia
    • incurable disorder of motor control
    • involving muscles of the face and head
    • results from long-term use of antipsychotic drugs
  18. antidepressant drugs
    • medecines that affect depression
    • usually by their effect on the serotonin & or norepinephrine pathways in the brain
  19. lithium carbonate
    simple chemical compound that is highly effective in daampening the extreme mood swings of bipolar disorder
  20. antianxiety drugs
    • category of drugs that includes the barbiturates & benzodiazepines
    • drugs that diminish feelings of anxiety
  21. stimulants
    • drugs that normally increase activity level by encouraging communication among neurons in the brain
    • found to suppress activity level in person's with attention-deficit or hyperactivity disorder
  22. psychosurgery
    general term for surgical intervention in the brain to treat psychological disorders
  23. electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
    • treatment used primarily for depression & involving the application of an electric current to the head
    • produce a generalized seizure
    • "shock treatment"
  24. transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
    • treatment that involves magnetic stimulation of specific regions of the brain
    • does not produce a seizure
  25. therapeutic community
    Jone's term for a program of treating mental disorder by making the institutional environment supportive & humane for patients
  26. deinstitutionalization
    policy of removing patients, whenever possible, from mental hospitals
  27. transference
    • where patients transfer to the analyst emotions linked with other relationships
    • love or hatred for a parent