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2011-09-05 08:46:42

Classifications, actions, indications and nursing implications
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  1. Unit 1
    Classification: Benzodiazepine
    Prototype: Midazolam (Versed)
    • Action: inducing sedation & amnesia before medical procedures or for tx of acute seizures and moderate to severe insomnia.
    • Indication: Anxiety, induction of amnesia and preoperative sedation
    • Implication: has been associated with respiratory depression, use only in setting where the cardiac and respiratory fx can be monitored, d/c driving for 48h, etoh for 24h
  2. Unit 1
    Classification: Central acting skeletal muscle relaxant
    Prototype: Dantrolene Na (Dantrium)
    • Action: It has a direct effect on the contractile response of the muscles
    • Indication: Malignant hypothermia, chronic spasticity
    • Implication: Sun sensensitivity, decreased mental alertness, constipation, headache, fatique, monitor pain, vs, cbc and kidney fx
  3. Unit 1
    Classification: Opioid
    Prototype: Morphine Sulfate
    • Action: CNS depressant, promotes analgesia
    • Indication: Pain
    • Implication: Decreased mental alertnessm lightheadedness, N&V, confusion, no Etoh, d/c slowly, monitor pain, mental status, respiratory status and bowel
  4. Unit 1
    Classification: Intravenous Anesthetics
    Prototype: Propofol (Diprivan)
    • Action: unknown
    • Indication: General anesthesia, sedation for vented pts or procedural sedation
    • Implication: Decreased mental alertness, N&V, Monitor VS, neuro fx, anaphalactic reactions and heart fx
  5. Unit 1
    Classification: Anti-Cholinergic
    Prototype: Atropine
    • Action: Lowers the parasympathetic activity of all muscles and glands regulated by the parasympathetic nervous system
    • Indication: CLARIFY
    • Implication: May cause swallowing difficulties and reduced secretions
  6. Unit 1a
    Classification: NSAID's, Antipyretic
    Prototype: Ibuprofen
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Implication:
  7. Unit 1a
    Classification: Non-opioid
    Prototype: Acetaminophen
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Implication:
  8. Unit 1a
    Classification: NSAID, Antipyretic, Antiplatelet, Salicylate
    Prototype: Aspirin
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Implication:
  9. Unit 1a
    Classification: Opioid Agonist
    Prototype: Morphine, Hydromorphone (Dilaudid), Fentanyl
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Implication:
  10. Unit 1a
    Classification: Narcotic Antagonist
    Prototype: Naloxone (Narcan)
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Implication:
  11. Unit 1a
    Classification: Antiadrenergics
    Prototype: Tamsulosin (Flomax), Doxazosin (Cardura), Terazosin (Hytrin), Prazosin (Minipress)
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Implication:
  12. Unit 1a
    Classification: Testosterone-sparing agent
    Prototype: Finasteride (Proscar)
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Implication: