Vitamins S2M2

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Author:
lancesadams
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92344
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Vitamins S2M2
Updated:
2011-08-13 19:58:36
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Ross S2M2
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Biochem
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  1. What is the function of Vit E
    • Antioxidant
    • Prevents oxidation of poly unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in cell membranes especially in RBC's and lungs
    • "Eats Oxygen"
  2. What are some good sources of Vit E
    • Plant oils
    • Nuts
    • Wheat germ
    • Asparagus
    • Avacado
    • Mango
    • Spinach
    • "PAWNS' E scheme"
  3. What does a deficiency in Vit E cause
    • Flaky skin
    • Muscular dystrophy (nutritional)
    • Liver degeneration
    • Anemia
    • Sterility
  4. What is a good source of Vit K
    Intestinal flora and green veggies
  5. What happens with a deficiency in Vit K
    • Hemorrhaging
    • Stomach pain
    • Bone malformation
    • Its important in the clotting cascade!
  6. What can Vit K be used for pharmaceuticaly
    An antidote against Warfarin poisoning
  7. What is one of the only positive things baby formula can add that breast milk is low in
    Vit K
  8. Vit B1 is also known as
    Thiamine
  9. What are good sources of Vit B1
    • Meat
    • Fish
    • Poultry
    • Legumes
    • Nuts
    • Whole grains
  10. What is a pharmaceutical use of Vit B1
    • Nausea in pregnancy
    • "B1aby's momma"
  11. What can be the effect of deficiency in Vit B1
    • Beri-Beri
    • Wasting of muscles
    • Major source of infant mortality in poor countries
    • Babies have almost inaudible cry
  12. Vit B2 is also known as
    Riboflavin=RiB2oflavin
  13. What is a good source of Vit B2
    • Eggs
    • Milk
    • Whole grain
    • Yellow veggies
  14. Riboflavin is sensitive to
    • Light and is therefore destroyed in light therapy for babies with hyperbilirubinemia
    • "B2aby Bilirubin"
  15. What can be the result of deficiencies in Vit B2
    • Psychological deviations
    • Cheilosis (cracking of lips)
    • Sore throat
    • Growth retardation
    • Cleft palate
  16. What is another name for Vit B3
    • Niacin
    • Niasin - 3 sins, your out
  17. What is a good source of Vit B3
    • Meat
    • Legumes
    • Nuts
    • Fish
  18. What are some results of toxic Vit B3
    • Tachycardia
    • Hypoglycemia
    • Tingling sensation
    • Gastrointestinal distress
  19. What results in a deficiency of Vit B3
    • Pellegra (Diarrhea, Dermatitis, Dementia, Death)
    • "not 3 but 4 issues, Niacin ain't so nice!"
  20. Why do alcoholics have a high need for Vit B3
    It assists in the detoxification of ethanol
  21. Vit B5 is also called
    • Pantothenic acid
    • "Think pent=5"
  22. A good source of Vit B5 is
    • All living matter
    • Meats
    • Fish
    • Whole grain
  23. What can Vit B5 be used for pharmaceuticaly
    • Gastrointestinal mobility after surgery
    • Cosmetics
    • "five, under the knive"
  24. Vit B6 is also named
    • PyridoXine
    • "siX"
  25. What is a good source of Vit B6
    • White meats
    • Liver
    • Whole grains
    • Egg yolk
    • Bananas
    • Avacados
    • Green leafy veggies
    • Potatoes
  26. Vit B6 is sensitive to
    Light, oxygen, and alkali
  27. What can Vit B6 be used for
    • Morning sickness
    • Large doses for carpal tunnel
    • "Morning Sixness"
  28. What can a deficiency in Vit B6 cause
    • Weakness
    • Difficulty walking
    • Insomnia
    • Depression
    • Microcytic hypochromic anemia
  29. Toxicity of Vit B6 can cause
    Loss of motor coordination
  30. Another name for Vit B12
    Cobalamin
  31. What are good sources of Vit B12
    • Bacteria
    • Dairy products
    • Fish
    • Poultry
    • Meat
  32. A deficiency in Vit B12 can cause
    Megaloblastic anemia (due to a lack of DNA available to divide)
  33. What is another name for Vit C
    • Ascorbate
    • "AsCorbate"
  34. What are good sources of Vit C
    • Fruits
    • Veggies
    • Mothers milk (not cow milk)
  35. Deficiency of Vit C can cause
    • Scurvy
    • Body aches
    • Tired
    • Tooth loss
  36. Biotin (B7) is required for
    Formation of antibodies and pancreatic amylase
  37. What are good sources of Biotin (B7)
    • Animal protein
    • Egg yolk
    • Legumes
    • Nuts
    • Whole grains
  38. Deficiency in Biotin can cause
    • Low appetite
    • Dermatitis
    • Nausea
    • Depression
    • Seizures
    • Immune suppression
  39. Neonatal multiple carboxylase deficiency (neonatal MCD)
    • Reduced affinity for biotin
    • Recognized soon after birth
  40. What are the fat soluble vitamins
    D, E, A, K
  41. Calcium is most important in
    Bone and less so in soft tissue
  42. Phosphate is important for the body in what ways
    • Energy metabolism
    • Phospholipid formation
    • DNA and RNA formation
    • Regulation of blood pH
    • Phosphorylation of signaling and transport
  43. What are good sources of Calcium
    • Milk and Dairy products
    • Grains
    • Fish
    • Meat
  44. Excessive calcium can cause
    • Kidney stones
    • Prostate and Ovarian cancer
  45. What are good sources of Potassium
    • Fruits
    • Veggies
    • Meats
  46. What is the effect of low Sodium
    • Diarrhea
    • Vomiting
    • Sweating
  47. What are good sources of Mg+
    Green plants
  48. Mg+ toxicity can cause
    Renal failure
  49. What are the results of Mg+ deficiency
    • Vomiting
    • Diarrhea
    • Irritability
    • Nervousness
  50. What are good sources of Fe+
    • Red meat
    • Plants
    • Mothers milk
  51. Fe+ deficiency causes
    Microcytic hypochromic anemia
  52. Toxicity of Fe+ causes
    Bronze diabetes (increased melanin production, islet cell destruction, cardiomyopathy, splenomegaly, liver cirrhosis)
  53. What are good sources for Copper (Cu)
    • Shellfish
    • Nuts
    • Legumes
    • Whole grain
  54. What does a deficiency in Copper lead to
    • Hypochromic anemia
    • Leukopenia
    • Neutropenia
    • Osteoporosis
    • "Not chrome but copper"
  55. Menkes kinky hair syndrome
    X linked defective Cu2+ ATPase in the Golgi
  56. Kayser-Fleischer rings
    Rings around the iris of the eye indicating Wilsons disease (Copper accumulation)
  57. What is the function of Zn2+
    200 enzymes are Zinc dependent
  58. What are good sources of Zinc
    • Seafood
    • Eggs
    • Meat
    • Legumes
  59. What does a deficiency in Zinc cause
    • Acne
    • Skin lesions
    • Retarded growth
    • Delayed sexual development
  60. Acrodermatitis enteropathica
    Rare autosomal failure to produce Zinc binding protein in the intestines
  61. What are good sources of Iodine
    • Seafood
    • Saltwater fish
    • Seaweed
  62. What is the definition of a trace element
    Needed in amounts more then then 1mg a day

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