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What are the 4 types of medical terms?
Greek and Latin, Eponyms, Acronyms, and Modern Language
- Terms formed from the first letters of the words in a phrase that can be spoken as a whole word and usually contains a vowel
- ex: laser (light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation)
- Terms derived from the English language
- ex: nuclear medicine scanner
Greek and Latin
- Terms built from Greek and Latin word parts
- ex: arthritis
- Terms devived from the name of a person, often a physician or scientist who was the first to identify a condition or technique.
- ex: Alzheimer disease
Which of the following is components of Greek and Latin word parts?
a) Parkinson disease
c) AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)
d) posttraumatic stress disorder
- b) hepatits
- hepat/itis is the inflammation of the liver
Which of the following isn't an eponym?
a) Parkinson disease
b) MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus)
c) Alzheimer disease
- b) MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus)
- MRSA is an acronym
What are the two categories of medical terms?
- terms built from word parts
- terms not built from word parts that must be memorized
Medical terms _____ _____ _____ _____ can be translated literally to find their meaning, whereas medical terms _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ cannot be easily translated literally to find their meaning.
- built from word parts,
- not built from word parts
What are the 4 word parts?
Word root, prefix, suffix, and combining form
- the core of the word
- each medical term contains 1 or more word roots
- ex: in arthr/itis, arthr is the word root
- a word part attached to the end of the word root to modify its meaning
- most medical terms have a suffix
- ex: in hepat/itis, itis is the suffix
- a word part attached at the beginning of a word root to modify its meaning
- many medical terms do not have a prefix
- ex: in intra/ven/ous, intra is the prefix
- a word part used to ease pronunciation
- usually an o
- Placed to connect two word roots or a word root and a suffix. Not placed to connect a prefix and a word root.
- ex: oste/o/arthr/itis
When connecting a word root and a suffix, a combining vowel is _____ if the suffix does not begin with a vowel.
When connecting a word root and a suffix, a combining vowel is usually not used if the suffix begins with a _____.
When connecting two _____ _____, a combining vowel is usually used, even if vowels are present at the junction.
When connecting a prefix and a word root, a comining vowel is _____ used.
- a word root with the combining vowel attached, separated by a slash
- ex: oste/o
What are the three steps to analyzing medical terms?
- 1) Divide the term into word parts with vertical slashes.
- 2) Label each word part by using abbreviations.
- 3) Label each combining form.
How do you define medical terms built from word parts?
Apply the meaning of each word part contained in the term.
inflammation of the joint
inflammation of the liver
pertaining to under the liver
pertaining to within the vein
disease of the joint
inflammation of the bone
enlargement of the liver
What does it mean to build medical terms?
to place word parts together to form words
What word part is usually at the beginning of the definition?
Give an example of a word made of Greek and Latin word parts that cannot be easily translated to find their meaning.
- orth/o means straight, and ped/o means child or foot
- Literally meaning pertaining to a straight child or foot
- As used today meaning a branch of medicine dealing with the study and treatment of diseases and abnormalities of the musculoskeletal system.