phleb 4

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phleb 4
2011-06-28 21:44:36

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  1. immunodefiency
    the inability of the body to fight infection. This can be due to stress or lack of white blood cells to fight infection. Because the immune system uses proteins to build the immune system's cells, a person who does not take in enough protein products will have problems with immunodefiency
  2. immunohematology
    antibodies associated with blood and blood forming tissues; blook banking
  3. immunohematology tests
    blood bank tests for blood typing and compability testing in preparation for transfusion; donor centers obtain specimens to test for transfusion
  4. immunology
    determines the antibody-antigen reaction of the body in response to infection
  5. implied consent
    the patient does not need to make a verbal expression of consent, for example when a phlebotomist tells the patient about the need to draw blood and the patient extends his arm
  6. incision
    a surgical incision made into the body; usually uses a scalpel
  7. incompetence
    without adequate ability, knowledge, fitness; failing to meet requirements; unskillful
  8. identification band
    a means by which a health care agency identifies the person being treated by the agency; allows the health care worker to identify a person who perhaps unable to answer for themselves. this is part of the safety precautions that allow the agency tp avoid making patient-related errors
  9. induration
    a hardened mass or formation; when there is a positive skin reaction to a tuberculosis test (PPD) ther is an area that is raised and hardened-an induration
  10. inert
    with few or no active properties; neutral
  11. indwelling line
    tubing inserted into a main vein or artery, used primarily for giving fluids and mediations
  12. infectious substance
    any material that may pass bacteria, fungus, protozoa, viruses or other parasites to the person who toches or inhales it
  13. informed consent
    consent to a procedure; this is given by the person who has received instruction from the physician as to the procedure's details, risks, and side effects; the instruction can be verbal or written
  14. ingestion
    the act of "taking in"-as in eating. A person ingests food
  15. impatient services
    services provided to a person who is in the hospital, and may include dietary, laboratory, pharmacy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, x-ray, ultrasound, etc.
  16. invasion of privacy
    a violation of a person's right to be left alone
  17. iodine pads
    an absorbent pad that contains an iodine product that is a disinfectant and germicide
  18. isopropyl alcohol
    70% isopropyl; acts as an antiseptic and arrests the growth of bacteria
  19. lancets
    a sharp device used to puncture the skin to obtain a sample of blood. Most frequently used to get a sample of blood for glucose testing
  20. latex
    the basis of various commercial products, notably rubber
  21. latex allergy
    a sensitivity to latex products: usually more of a problem when the latex is a natural product rather than man-made; examples are tourniquets, gloves, etc.
  22. law
    all the rules of conduct established and enforced by the authority, legislation, or custom of a given community or other group
  23. light sensitive analytes
    substances that are undergoing analysis that will change with exposure to light
  24. limited phlebotomy technician
    a peson who has completed the education, training and experience requirements specified by the Department of Health in California. They are certified to perform skin punctures
  25. lipemic
    cloudy serum or plasma caused by increased lipid (fat) content in the blood
  26. lithium heparin
    an additive to an anticoagulant tube; for collection of plasma and whole blood
  27. lithium iodoacetate
    an antiglyocolitic agent and anticoagulant tube; not to be used for hamatology testing or enzymatic determinations
  28. long-term care
    a health care setting in which a person stays for an extended period of time, such as those needing recovery from an extensivesurgery or multiple injuries. Often associated with rehabilitation (learning how to take care of activities of daily living) of a patient
  29. luer adapter
    a brand name for a device for connecting the syringe to the needle; when locked into place it gives a secure fit
  30. lumen
    the opening on the inside of a needle
  31. lysis
    the rupturing of red blood cells
  32. malpractice
    professional misconduct and unreasonable lack of skill in or faithfulness to professional duties; illegal or immoral conduct, ignorance or neglectful or careless mistreatment that leads to injury, unnecessary suffering or death
  33. masectomy
    the surgical removal of a breast; usually related to surgery for breast cancer
  34. median cubital vein
    the vein located in the middle of the antecubital fossa area of the arm; the first choice for venipuncture
  35. melting pot
    the idea that various cultures come together and "melt" into each other; evidence of this melting is that the cultural difference are lost
  36. metabolism of glucose
    the breakdown and conversion of glucose into different substances
  37. microbial contamination
    contamination of phlebotomy tools, a work area, or a puncure site by microbes (bacteria, fungus, virus)
  38. microbiology
    the scientific study of microorganisms
  39. midstream collection
    referring to the collection of urine after the initial stramhas passed, and before the end of urination
  40. milliliters
    one-thousandth of a liter; used when referring to liquid volume
  41. misdemeanor
    an aspect of criminal law that carries a punishment of fitnes and/or imprisonment in jail for up to a year
  42. mission statement
    realted to how an industry wishes the community and patient to perceive them, such as a symbol of excellence, response and efficient, outstanding facilities
  43. mnemonics
    memory-aiding codes that are in the form of abbreviations; examples include: Re (Requisition entry), K (potassium) to request appropriate computer program or function to process data
  44. mosaic
    diversity; a picture or design made of many small colored pieces interspersed with some other material
  45. mucous membrane contact
    the membrane lining body cavities and canals communicating with the air and kept moist by the secretion of mucus
  46. multiple draw
    more than one testing tube can be filled from the same draw of blood
  47. multisample needles
    used with an evacuated tube system; attached to a holder/adapter to allow for multiuple specimen tube fills and changes without blood leaking
  48. needle guard/sheath
    the cover of a needle used to protect the needle from contamination and protect the user from needle stick injuries
  49. nasopharengal culture
    a swab or fluid sample taken from the back of the throat. Tested to see which organisms are present in the sample
  50. needle holder
    a holder for a needle
  51. needlestick safety and prevention act
    federal guidelines for sharps
  52. negative stress
    the harmful physical and emotional responses that can happen when there is conflict between demands and the amount of control a person has to meet those demands.
  53. negligence
    the failure of "duty of due care"; consists of 4 Ds: duty, dereliction, direct cause, and damages
  54. network
    a group of microcomputers that are linked for the purpose of sharing resources, e.g. data, software. A network can be comprimised of a simple interoffice connection or complex systems between several cities or accross continents. An example is the internet
  55. nodes
    individual microcomputer stations that are part of a network
  56. non-conducting material
    a material that does not conduct electricity. Examples include plastic and wood
  57. non-latex
    a product that does not contain latex
  58. non-verbal communication
    communication taht does not involve speech, includes such features as facial expressions, posture, appearance, stance, gestures, movement
  59. nosocomial infection
    an infection that is acquired in the hospital, usually from an employee of the hospital; for example when the phlebotomist does not wash his/her hands throughly after drawing blood from a patient and touches the next patient, bacteria may be passed
  60. occult blood
    blood that is not visible to the naked eye and requires special testing to detect it. for example, blood cells might be present in urine but can only be detected via a microscope; blood cells might be present in stool but are detected using a hemoccult (or Guiac) test
  61. order of draw
    special sequence in which multiple specimen tubes are collected during a draw or are filled from a syringe. Designed to reduce interference in specimen testing caused by potential carry over of additives between tubes and to minimize the effects of tissue thromboplastin on coagulation specimens
  62. origins
    where something comes from; for example, an origin of a conflict for a phlebotomist may be when a patient refuses to hace a blood sample drawn
  63. outpatient/ambulatory
    an office or clinic where persons come in for medical treatment or diagnostic procedures. A setting that does not include a hospital
  64. oxalates
    an additive in an evacuated specimen collection tube. Often used with an antiglycolytic agent, such as sodium fluoride (NaFl) and lithium iodoacetate to collect plasma for glucose analysis
  65. palpate
    the use of hand or fingers of a hand to determine texture (e.g. firmness or softness) or temperature of a surface. A phlebotomist might palpate a vein to see if it is a good vein for venipuncture
  66. passive
    a person who tends to avoid conflict
  67. password
    a special word, number or combination of both that allows a person to use a computer program. This is used to help maintain security in an information system used by a health care agency