Seminar Anatomy

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Seminar Anatomy
2011-06-30 02:32:41

Unit 3 Definitions
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  1. Name the fracture
    FX of the anterior arch of C2 due to hyperextension
    Hangman 's Fracture
  2. Name the fracture
    Comminuted FX of the ring of C1
    Jefferson FX
  3. Name the Fracture
    Avulsion fracture of the spinous process in the lower cervical and upper thoracic region
    Clay Shovelers Fracture
  4. Name the fracture
    Comminuted FX with one or more wedge or butterfly wing shaped pieces
    Butterfly Fracture
  5. Name the Fracture
    Fx at the base of the 5th metarsal
    Jones Fracture
  6. Name the Fracture
    Less Frequent servere ankle spain FX of proximal 1/3 of fibula, can be missed due to pain in ankle and no attention paid to proximal fibula
    Maisonneuve Fracture
  7. Name the fracture
    Fx both malleoli and dislocation at the ankle joint occassionally there is a combination of this and Trimalleolar fx.
    Potts Fracture
  8. Name the Fracture
    Usually occurs when the person hits a solid object with a tightly closed fist. Causing a fracture at the head of the metacarpal bone 5th
    Boxers Fracture
  9. Name the Fracture
    Fracture in proximal 1/2 of ulnar shaft dislocation of radial head
    Monteggia Fracture
  10. Name the fracture
    Star like image
    Occurs when patient falls shattering the patella
    Stellate Fracture
  11. Name the Fracture
    Fracture of the lateral and medial Malleolus
    Bimalleoular Fracture
  12. Name the Fracture
    3 components
    Fracture medial malleolus
    Fracture lateral malleolus
    Fracture distal Tibia
    Trimalleoular Fractrue
  13. Name the fracture
    Fracture of the base of the 1st metacarpal with involvement of the 1st metacarpal joint. usually the result of jamming thumb
    Bennett's Fracture
  14. Name the Fracture
    Disease process leads to inherent weakness of bone, produces spontaneous fracture. Most common cases occur in metastatic cancer with primary carcinoma of the breast in woment and lungs in men.
    Pathological Fracture
  15. Name the Fracture
    Occurs at the site of muslce orgin.
    Seen in adults and children
    Common in athletes. Stretching and running cause these types of fractures of the ischial tuberosity, and olecronaon process
    Avulsion Fracture
  16. Name the fracutre
    Only occurs in children
    A partial fracture in which one side of the bone is broken and the other side bends.
    Greenstick fracture
  17. Name the fracture
    Rotational stress fracture.
    The axis of the fracture is neither parallel nor perpendicular to the bone. The lenght and angle of the fracture depends on the rotational stress
    Oblique Fracture
  18. Name the Fracture
    Fracture and bone pierces the skin.
    Compound Fracture
  19. Name the fracture
    One bone fragment driven into another
    Usually occurs in shoulder area
    Proximal humerus driven into humeral head
    Impacted Fractrue
  20. Name the fracture
    The bone is seperated into numerous fragments.
    Occurs as a result of auto accidents, crush injuries and gunshot wounds.
    Comminuted Fractures
  21. Name the Fracture
    Common in 2nd, 3rd, and 4th mid metatarsal, generally occurs in track atheletes espically sprinters,
    occurs in surgical neck of humerus in soldiers and hikers from carrying backpacks.
    Callus formation can be seen apprx. 3-4 wks post first symptom.
    Stress/March/Fatigue Fracture
  22. Name the fracture
    Common fracture in children especially in distal radius.
    Impacted type fracture
    Bulging of periosteum of distal radius also seen in child's distal femur after jumping form a height.
    Torus Fracture
  23. Its Identical to Colles fracture except
    anterior or foward displacement. Same fracture distal radius, chip fracture ulnar styloid
    Smith Fracture
  24. Name the fracture
    Best seen when approximately 30 degrees posterior displacement demonstrated in lateral position
    Colles Fracture
  25. Name the Fracture
    Usually affects older patients
    Fracture of distal radius
    Chip fracture of ulnar styloid
    Posterior or Backward displacement
    AKA Dinner fork deformity
    Colles Fracture
  26. Name the fracture
    Is a common pediatric fracture in which there is an alteration in the alighment of the condyles to the humerus.
    Supracondylar Fracutre
  27. Name the Fracture
    External oblique position ( AP oblique projection with lateral rotation) best demonstrates radial head fracture.
    Supracondylar Fracture
  28. Name the fracture.
    Fat pad sighn in adults indicateds radial head fracture.
    Supracondylar Fracture
  29. The bone - Forming cells responsible for bone growth ossification and regeneration.
  30. Outward turning of the foot at the ankle
  31. A painful condition caused by prolonged rotary motion of the forearm. Also known as tennis elbow.
    Lateral Epicondylitis
  32. The portion of the bone located between the diaphysis and epiphysis
  33. Metabolic bone disorder resulting in bone demineralization
  34. Congenital club foot.
    Talipes Equinovarus
  35. Secondary center of ossification
  36. The formation and development of blood cells, usually taking place in the bone marrow.
  37. A hereditary disease characterized by abnormally dense bone, likely as a result of faulty bone absorption.
  38. This condition is characterized as a painful imcomplete seperation, avulsion or strain of the epiphysis of the tibial tuberosity
    Osgood - Schlatter Disease
  39. Condition of stone formation
  40. Cells which are associated with absorption and removal of bone
  41. A mature bone cell.
  42. An osseous outgrowth ( spur)
  43. Congenital absence of the cranial vault.
  44. A primary malignancy of bone usually arising in the metaphysis.
  45. The volume percentage of erythrocytes in whole blood.
  46. A beent deformed and sometimes fused joint.
  47. An immovable joint occurring only in the roots of the teeth.
  48. A disease of the growth ossification centers in children
  49. Movement of a part toward the central axis of the body.
  50. The tissue lining the medullary cavity of a bone.
  51. Cancellous bone located between the inner and outer tables in flat bones.
  52. Primary center of ossification
  53. Sacs filled with synovial fluid; located betwwen skin and bones, tendons and muscles
  54. A disorder of cartilage formation in the fetus, leading to a type of dwarfism.
  55. Difficulty swallowing
  56. The cell body of a neuron.
  57. What are the pulse points?
    • Radial - Wrist
    • Carotid - Neck
    • Temporal - In front of the ear
    • Apical - Chest
    • Femoral - Groin
    • Dorsalis Pedis - Top of foot
    • Posterior Tibial - Posterior to medial
    • Malleolus
    • Brachial - Antecubital Fossa
    • Popliteal - Posterior surface of the knee
  58. What is the average number of respirations per minute for an adult?
    14 - 20
  59. Abnormally slow pulse less than 60 beats per minute?
  60. Abnormally rapid pulse over 100 beats per minute.
  61. What is the normal range for blood pressure?
  62. A product of how much blood the heart pumps out and the resistance to it. Measured during systole(contraction) and Diastole (relaxation)
    Blood Pressure
  63. Located in the inferior portion of the Right Atrium near the ostium for the coranary sinus vein and just superior to the tricuspid valve.
    Atrio-Ventricular Node (AV Node)
  64. Compact mass of cardiac muscle cells specialized for conduction. Located in the Right Atrium benath the opening for the superior vena cava. It initiates the electrical impulse for cardiac stimulation causes both atria to contract.
    Sinoatrial Node ( SA Node)
  65. An alternative route of blood to a body part. These alternate channels occur when the primary vessel is occluded. IE coronary vessels
    Collateral Circulation
  66. A natural communication between two vessels it may be direct or by means of connection channels.
  67. Injection made distal to the point of the vessels orgin and made against the direction of blood flow.
    Retrograde Injection
  68. An injection made into an artery abouve the point of its orgin and coincides with the direction of blood.
    Antegrade injection
  69. Vessels that transport deoxygenated blood back to the heart except pulmonary circulation.
  70. Before leaving tissues groups unite to form small veins. Function is to collect blood and drain into veins.
  71. Small arteries that deliver blood to a capillary. Visualized by arteriography.
  72. Major vessels that carry blood away from the heart to the tissues. Can be visualized by arteriography.