phleb 5

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phleb 5
2011-06-30 20:16:59

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  1. safety device
    a device to aid in the overall safety of the environment in which it is being used
  2. safety shower
    an area of a laboratory that allows for people to wash themselves when something has splashed onto them
  3. sclerosed veins
    veins of the body that have been injured by injury (such as multiple intravenous medications, caustic medications) or infection and have formed scar tissue. These veins are not food for use by phlebotomists
  4. seizure
    a sudden attack of pain, a disease or of certain symptoms
  5. semen analysis
    an examination of semen to access fertility and determine the efectiveness of sterilization following a vasectomy
  6. sender
    in the process of communication, the person who is giving the information or message
  7. sepsis
    the prescence of microorganisms or their poisonous substances in the blood
  8. serology
    determines the antibody-antigen reaction of they body in response to infection
  9. service
    work done, or duty performed for another or others
  10. serum iron level
    the level of iron present in serum
  11. SGOT levels (aka "AST")
    levels of serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase; levels affected by drugs within the body; an enzyme of the heart and liver
  12. shaft
    the area of the needle between the bevel and the hub; the straight part of the needle
  13. serum
    the watery portion of blood after coagulation; a fluid found when clotted blood is left standing long enough for the clot to shrink
  14. sharp(s)
    objects used by the phlebotomist that have sharp ends or edges; placed into a red container to help avoid injury or contamination with organisms. Needles should not be recapped following use
  15. shock
    a clonocal syndrome in which the pripheral blood flow is inadequate to returm sufficient blood to the heart for normal function, particularly transport of oxygen to all organs and tissues
  16. signs
    any objective evidence or manifestation of an illness or disordered function of the body
  17. silica particles
    a substance that facilitates blood clotting; a tube additive
  18. single sample needle
    used for collecting a blood sample from a syringe
  19. skin contact
    the connection of any object with the skin
  20. sodium citrate
    the anticoagulant of choice for coagulation studies. An additive in an evacuated specimen collection tube
  21. sodium fluoride
    a white crystalline power used as an anticoagulant stored in the evacuated tube with a gray stopper; for the collection of plasma
  22. sodium heparin
    an anticoagulant in the evacuated tube with the green stopper; for collection of plasma and whole blood
  23. spontaneity
    the state or quality of being spontaneous (acting on impulse)
  24. statistics
    the systematic collection, organization, analysis, and interpretation of numerical data pertinent to any subject
  25. steady state
    a stable condition; no exercise; suctioning or respirator changes for at least 30 minutes prior to obtaining arterial blood draws (eg. blood gases)
  26. sterilize
    to free from microorganisms
  27. stress
    the result of any emotional, physical, social, economic, or other factor that requires a response or change. Can be positice (good stress) or negative (bad)
  28. strict isolation
    isolation that involves the maximum use of persomal protective equipment (PPE). This type of isolation is required when the danger is both contact (skin) and respiratory
  29. swab sticks
    equipment used to cleanse a site with Betadine or for the collection of a bacterial specimen
  30. sweat chloride
    a test the uses iontophovesis to stimulate sweat production to evaluate the chloride content in sweat; used to diagnose cystic fibrosis, mainly in children and adolescents under the age of 20
  31. symptoms
    any perceptible change in the body or its functions that indicates disease or the kind or phases of disease
  32. syncope
  33. syringe
    instrument for injecting fluids into body cavities or vessels
  34. tertiary care
    highly complex services and therapy performed on an inpatient basis, requiring an overnight stay or longer
  35. thixotropic gel separators
    an inert synthetic substance that undergoes a temporary change in viscosity during centrifugation; provides a barrier between the plasma/ serum and the cell/clot
  36. thrombin
    an enzyme formed in shed blood from prothrombin, which reacts with soluble fibrinogen converting it to fibrin, which forms the basis of a blood clot
  37. thromboplastin
    the third blood coagulation factor; a substance found in both blood and tissue that accelerates the clotting of blood
  38. thrombosed
    coagulated; clotted
  39. thrombus formation
    the formation of a blood clot
  40. tincture of iodine
    a 2% solution of iodine and sodium iodide in dilute alcohol
  41. tort law
    a civil wrong or injury other than a breach of contract; violation of some duty that is owed by one individual to another; includes such aspects as negligence, malpractice, assault, battery, false imprisonment, defamation of character, fraud, and invasion of privacy
  42. tourniquets
    any object thatconstricts an extremity to apply pressure over an artery and thereby control bleeding or distent veins
  43. transplant
    to transfer tissue or an organ from one part to another
  44. trend
    to have a general tendency
  45. universal (standard) body substance precaution
    a set of rules established by the CDC and adopted by OSHA to control infection from body fluids in the healthcare setting
  46. urinalysis
    analysis of the urine
  47. urinary tract infection
    an infection of the organs and ducts participating in the secretion and elimination of urine
  48. urine porphyrins
    nitrogen containing organic compounds found in urine
  49. values
    the things we see as important, examples that a phlebotomist might consider include: being on time, friendliness, courtesy, cleanliness
  50. venesection
    using a sharp lancet-type tool to pierce the vein and make it bleed; used to reduce fever or produce a faint so that an expectant mother would deliver her baby by the time she recovered
  51. venipuncture
    picture of a vein for any purpose
  52. verbal communication
    spoken communication
  53. wheal
    an elongated mark or ridge on the surface of the skin caused by injections or tests
  54. winged infusion set
    see "butterfly"
  55. wound or skin isolation
    when a patient has an in fection in a wound or on the surface of the skin, he/she is placed into wound or skin isolation. Gloves and gowns are the personal protective equipment (PPE) requirements. If there are splashing or spray concerns, masks, goggles and caps might be required
  56. done