The blood creatinine level shows how well your kidneys are working. A high creatinine level may mean your kidneys are not working properly. The amount of creatinine in the blood depends partly on the amount of muscle tissue you have
10-30 ug/dL (6-20 mg/dL)
BUN measures the ammount of urea in your blood and tells you how well the kidneys are working
Increased: low blood flow to kidneys from dehydration, heart failure. high protein diet
Decreased: malnutrition, severe liver damage, over hydration
The ammount of CO2 dissolved in arterial blood.
greater than 80 mmHg
The partial pressure of oxygen dissolved in arterial blooed
Altered levels of Bicarb mean the body is having trouble maintaining acid base balance.
Increased could be from: severe vomiting, metabolic alkalosis, Cushing Syndrome.
Decreased could be from: chronic diarrhea, metabolic acidosis, Aspirin OD.
RBC in males
RBC in females
Hemoglobin in males
Hematocrit in males
percentage of blood volume occupied by RBC.
Hemoglobin in women
hematocrit in women
Glycosolated Hemoglobin (Hgb A1C)
5% (up to 7% in a diabetic)
Erythrocyte Sedementation Rate (ESR)
less than 20 mm/hr
It is a test that indirectly measures how much inflammation is in the body.
Increased: systemic infection, Tb, Infection of heart valves
Decreased: CHF, polycythemia, sickle cell
4-7 minBleeding time is a blood test that looks at how fast small blood vessels in the skin close to stop you from bleeding.
Prothrombin time (PT)
A prothrombin time test can be used to check for bleeding problems. PT is also used to check whether medicine to prevent blood clots is working.
**PT is used to check coumadin/warfarin
Partial Thromboplastin time
less than 40 seconds
too long of a PTT: DIC, Hemophilia A or B, Vitamin K deficiency, liver disease
** check PTT for heparin
Albumin is a protein made by the liver. A serum albumin test measures the amount of this protein in the clear liquid portion of the blood.