Path - Written Final

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Path - Written Final
2010-03-05 22:48:40

Written Final
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  1. Dermatophytes
    • Infectious disease that consist of a type of fungi that infect the keratin of the stratum corneum, hair, and nails.
    • Cause circular, elevated, red, and scaly lesions of the skin.
    • Spread really quickly.
  2. Types of Dermatophytes
    • Tinea (or ringworm) capitis. Fungi infection on the head
    • Tinea corporis. Fungi infection on the torso of the body
    • Tinea cruris. Fungi infection on the inguinal region
    • Tinea pedis. Fungi infection on the feet
    • Tinea unguium. Fungi infection on the nails
  3. Psoriasis
    • A chronic inflamatory rash characterized by erythematous papules and plaques found on extensor surfaces and scalp.
    • Known for causing "beefy-red" plaques with silver scaling skin.
    • Features Rapid Epidermal Hyperplasia.
  4. What is the most important cause of cutaneous cancer?
    Ultraviolet light because it causes damage to the DNA, leading to cancer with continued cell divisions.
  5. Osteoarthritis
    • Type of disease of the synovial joint
    • Most common cause of joint disability
    • Is a noninflammatory degeneratioon of articular cartilage manifested in weight bearing joints and fingers
  6. Chondromalacia
    Secundary - underlaying cause (trauma) of Osteoarthritis that affects the patellar cartilage in young people causing pain and stiffness.
  7. 5 types of low back pain
    • Vascular
    • Neurogenic
    • Viscerogenic
    • Psychogenic
    • Spondylogenic
  8. Vascular back pain
    • Poor vascularity (blood flow) on the back
    • Aneurysms or peripheral vascular disease may give rise to symptoms similar to sciatica
  9. Neurogenic back pain
    Tension, irritation, and compression of lumbar nerves usually caused by disc herniation or spinal injuries.
  10. Viscerogenic back pain
    Pain caused by visceros/organs in the abdominal wall (kidneys, spleen, bladder or prostate, pancreas).
  11. Psychogenic back pain
    • "It's all in your head" pain.
    • Emotional overtones may cloud the clinical picture.
  12. Spondylogenic back pain
    • Common type of back pain
    • Disc generation may occur along the spine producing pain
    • Radicular pain. Irritation of spinal nerves
  13. Types/Classification of Fractures
    • Open
    • Closed
    • Displacement
    • Pathologic
  14. Open Fracture
    Bone stick out of the skin
  15. Closed Fracture
    Skin stays intact, broken bone stays inside the skin.
  16. Displacement Fracture
    Bone it is displaced (moved) out of its normal position.
  17. Pathologic Fracture
    Broken bone is the result from a disease process (osteoporosis).
  18. Abnormal Spinal Curvatures
    • Scoliosis
    • Kyphosis
    • Lordosis
    • Gibbous
  19. Scoliosis
    A lateral curvature of the spine. ("S" shape curvature)
  20. Kyphosis
    Excessive posterior curve of the thoracic spine.
  21. Lordosis
    An exaggerated cervical and lumbar curve.
  22. Gibbous
    A hump