Ch. 6, 7, 11, & 26 vocab

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Ch. 6, 7, 11, & 26 vocab
2011-07-02 23:05:38

government vocab
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  1. citizens' attitudes about political issues, leaders, and events
    public opinion
  2. basic principles that shape a person's opinions about political issues and events
    values (or beliefs)
  3. a cohensive set of beliefs that forms a general philosophy about the role of government
    political ideology
  4. a specific preference on a particular issue
    attitude (or opinions)
  5. a widely shared American ideal that all people should have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they have to reach their fullest potential
    equality of opportunity
  6. freedom from government control
  7. a system of rule that permits citizens to play a significant part in the governmental process, usually through the election of key public officials
  8. the induction of individuals into the political culture; learning the underlying beliefs and values on which the political system is based on
    political socalization
  9. social institutions, including families and schools, that help to shape individuals' basic political beliefs and values
    agencies of socialization
  10. a distinctive pattern of voting behavior reflecting the differences in views between women and men
    gender gap
  11. people who support social and political reform; extensive governmental intervention in the economy; the expansion of federal social services; more vigorous efforts on behalf of the poor, minorities, and women; and greater concern for consumers and the environment
  12. people who support social and economic status quo and are suspicious of efforts to introduce new political formulae and economic arrangements. they believe that a large and powerful government pose a threat to citizens' freedom
  13. the ability to influence government and politics
    political efficacy
  14. the public forum in which beliefs and ideas are exchanged and complete
    marketplace of ideas
  15. scientific instruments for measuring public opinion
    public-opinion polls
  16. a small group selected by researchers to represent the most important characteristics of an entire population
  17. a method used by pollsters to select a representative sample in which every individual in the population has an equal probability of being selected as a respondent
    probability sampling
  18. a polling method in which responents are selected at random from a list of ten-digit telephone numbers, with every effort made to avoid bias in the construction of the sample
    random digit dialing
  19. polling error that arises when the sample is not representative of the population being studied, which creates errors in overrepresenting or underrepresenting some opinions
    selection bias
  20. polling error that arises based on the small size of the sample
    sample error
  21. failure to identify the true distribution of opinion within a population because of errors such as ambiguous or poorly worded questions
    measurement error
  22. a polling technique in which the questions are designed to shape respondent's question
    push polling
  23. attitudes and views that are especially important to the individual holding them
    salient interests
  24. the impression conveyed by polls that something is important to the public when actually it is not
    illusion of saliency
  25. a shift in electoral support to the candidate whom public opinion polls report as the front-runner
    bandwagon effect
  26. short snippets of information aimed at dramatizing a story rather than explaining its substantive meaning
    sound bites
  27. the requirement that broadcasters provide candidates for the same political office equal opportunities to communicate their messages to the public
    equal time rule
  28. a Federal Communication Commission regulation giving individuals the right to have the opportunity to respond to personal attacks made on radio or television broadcast
    right of rebuttal
  29. a Federal Communication Commission requirement for broadcasters who air programs on controversial issues to provide time for opposing views. The FCC ceased enforcing this doctrine in 1985
    fairness doctrine
  30. the power of the media to bring public attention to particular issues and problems
    agenda setting
  31. the power of the media to influence how events and issues are interpreted
  32. process of preparing the public to take a particular view of an event or political actor
  33. the theory that all interests are and should be free to complete for influence in the government. The outcome of this competition is compromise and moderation
  34. individuals who organize to influence the government's programs and policies
    interest group
  35. a type of membership group in which