SAT Vocabulary List2.txt

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SAT Vocabulary List2.txt
2011-07-04 16:08:08
SAT Vocabulary List

SAT Vocabulary List from University of Michigan
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  1. aberrant
    deviating from normal or correct.
  2. abscond
    "to leave secretly and hide, often to avoid the law."
  3. advocate
    "to speak, plead, or argue for a cause, or in another�s behalf. (n) -- one who advocates."
  4. aggrandize
    "to make greater, to increase, thus, to exaggerate."
  5. amalgamate
    to unite or mix. (n) -- amalgamation.
  6. ambiguous
    vague; subject to more than one interpretation
  7. ambrosial
    "extremely pleasing to the senses, divine (as related to the gods) or delicious (n: ambrosia)"
  8. anachronism
    a person or artifact appearing after its own time or out of chronological order (adj: anachronistic)
  9. anomalous
    "peculiar; unique, contrary to the norm (n: anomaly)"
  10. antediluvian
    "ancient; outmoded; (literally,before the flood)"
  11. antipathy
    "hostility toward, objection, or aversion to"
  12. arbitrate
    to settle a dispute by impulse (n: arbitration)
  13. assuage
    to make less severe; to appease or satisfy
  14. attenuate
    weaken (adj: attenuated)
  15. audacious
    "extremely bold; fearless, especially said of human behavior (n: audacity)"
  16. aver
    to declare
  17. banal
    commonplace or trite (n: banality)
  18. barefaced
    "unconcealed, shameless, or brazen"
  19. blandishment
    speech or action intended to coax someone into doing something
  20. bombast
    pompous speech (adj: bombastic)
  21. breach
    "a lapse, gap or break, as in a fortress wall. To break or break through.ex: Unfortunately, the club members never forgot his breach of ettiquette."
  22. burgeon
    to grow or flourish; a bud or new growth (adj: burgeoning )
  23. buttress
    to support. a support
  24. cadge
    to get something by taking advantage of someone
  25. caprice
    impulse (adj: capricious)
  26. castigate
    to chastise or criticize severely
  27. catalyst
    an agent of change (adj: catalytic; v. catalyze)
  28. caustic
    "capable of dissolving by chemical action; highly critical: ""His caustic remarks spoiled the mood of the party."""
  29. chicanery
    deception by trickery
  30. complaisant
    willingly compliant or accepting of the status quo (n: complaisance)
  31. conflagration
    a great fire
  32. corporeal
    "of or having to do with material, as opposed to spiritual; tangible. (In older writings,�coeporeal�could be a synonym forcorporal. This usage is no longer common)"
  33. corporal
    "of the body: ""corporal punishment."" a non-commissioned officer ranked between a sergeant and a private."
  34. corroborate
    "to strengthen or support: ""The witness corroborted his story."" (n: corroboration)"
  35. craven
    cowardly; a coward
  36. culpable
    deserving of blame (n: culpability)
  37. dearth
    "lack, scarcity: ""The prosecutor complained about the dearth of concrete evidence against the suspect."""
  38. deference
    "submission or courteous yielding: ""He held his tongue in deference to his father."" (n: deferential. v. defer)"
  39. depict
    "to show, create a picture of."
  40. deprecation
    belittlement. (v. deprecate)
  41. depredation
    "the act of preying upon or plundering: ""The depredations of the invaders demoralized the population."""
  42. descry
    "to make clear, to say"
  43. desiccate
    to dry out thoroughly (adj: desiccated)
  44. diatribe
    a bitter abusive denunciation.
  45. diffident
    "lacking self-confidence, modest (n: diffidence)"
  46. disabuse
    "to free a person from falsehood or error: ""We had to disabuse her of the notion that she was invited."""
  47. disparaging
    belittling (n: disparagement. v. disparage)
  48. dispassionate
    calm; objective; unbiased
  49. dissemble
    "to conceal one's real motive, to feign"
  50. dogged
    "stubborn or determined: ""Her dogged pursuit of the degree eventually paid off."""
  51. dogmatic
    "relying upon doctrine or dogma, as opposed to evidence"
  52. eclectic
    "selecting or employing individual elements from a variety of sources: ""Many modern decorators prefer an eclectic style."" (n: eclecticism)"
  53. efficacy
    effectiveness; capability to produce a desired effect
  54. effluent
    "the quality of flowing out. something that flows out, such as a stream from a river (n: effluence)"
  55. emollient
    softening; something that softens
  56. emulate
    to strive to equal or excel (n: emulation)
  57. encomium
    a formal eulogy or speech of praise
  58. endemic
    "prevalent in or native to a certain region, locality, or people: ""The disease was endemic to the region."" Don't confuse this word with epidemic."
  59. enervate
    "to weaken or destroy the strength or vitality of: ""The heatenervated everyone."" (adj: enervating)"
  60. engender
    "to give rise to, to propagate, to cause: ""His slip of the toungue engendered much laughter."""
  61. enigma
    "puzzle; mystery: ""Math is an enigma to me."" (adj: enigmatic)"
  62. ephemeral
    "lasting for only a brief time, fleeting (n: ephemera)"
  63. equivocal
    "ambiguous; unclear; subject to more than one interpretation -- often intentionally so: ""Republicans complained that Bill Clinton's answers were equivocal."" (v. equivocate)"
  64. erudite
    scholarly; displaying deep intensive learning. (n: erudition)
  65. esoteric
    "intended for or understood by only a few: ""The esoteric discussion confused some people."" (n: esoterica)"
  66. eulogy
    a spoken or written tribute to the deceased (v. eulogize)
  67. exacerbate
    "to increase the bitterness or violence of; to aggravate: ""The decision to fortify the border exacerbated tensions."""
  68. exculpate
    "to demonstrate or prove to be blameless:��""The evidence tended to exculpate the defendant.""(adj: exculpatory)"
  69. exorbitant
    "exceeding customary or normal limits, esp. in quantity or price: ""The cab fare was exorbitant."""
  70. explicit
    fully and clearly expressed
  71. extant
    "in existence, still existing: The only extant representative of that species."""
  72. fathom
    "a measure of length (six feet) used in nautical settings. to penetrate to the depths of something in order to understand it: ""I couldn't fathom her reasoning on that issue."""
  73. fawn
    "to seek favor or attention; to act subserviantly (n, adj: fawning)"
  74. feign
    "to give false appearance or impression: ""He feigned illness to avoid going to school."" (adj: feigned)"
  75. "fervid, fervent"
    "highly emotional; hot: ""The partisans displayed a fervent patriotism."" (n: fervor)"
  76. fledgling
    a baby bird; an inexperienced person; inexperienced.
  77. florid
    "flushed with a rosy color, as in complexion; very ornate and flowery: ""florid prose."""
  78. floundering
    "struggling: ""We tried to save the floundering business."""
  79. garrulous
    "verbose; talkative; rambling: ""We tried to avoid our garrulous neighbor."""
  80. gossamer
    "fine cobweb on foliage; fine gauzy fabric; very fine: ""She wore a gossamer robe."""
  81. guile
    "skillful deceit: ""He was well known for his guile."" (v. bequile; adj: beguiling. Note, however, that these two words have an additional meaning: to charm (v.) or charming (adj:), while the word guile does not generally have any such positive connotations)"
  82. guileless
    honest; straightforward (n: guilelessness)
  83. hapless
  84. headlong
    "headfirst; impulsive; hasty. impulsively; hastily; without forethought: ""They rushed headlong into marriage."""
  85. homogenous
    "similar in nature or kind; uniform: ""a homogeneous society."""
  86. iconoclast
    one who attacks traditional ideas or institutions or one who destroys sacred images (adj: iconoclastic)
  87. impecunious
    penniless; poor
  88. imperious
  89. implication
    insinuation or connotation (v. implicate)
  90. imply
    "to suggest indirectly; to entail:��""She implied she didn't believe his story."" (n: implication)"
  91. improvidence
    "an absence of foresight; a failure to provide for future needs or events: ""Their improvidence resulted in the loss of their home."""
  92. inchoate
    "in an initial or early stage; incomplete; disorganized: ""The act of writing forces one to clarify incohate thoughts."""
  93. incorrigible
    "not capable of being corrected: ""The school board finally decided the James was incorrigible and expelled him from school."""
  94. indelible
    "permanent; unerasable; strong: ""The Queen made an indelible impression on her subjects."""
  95. ineffable
    undescribable; inexpressible in words; unspeakable
  96. infer
    "to deduce: ""New genetic evidence led some zoologists to infer that the red wolf is actually a hybrid of the coyote and the gray wolf."""
  97. ingenious
    "clever: ""She developed an ingenious method for testing her hypothesis.""(n: ingenuity)"
  98. ingenuous
    "unsophisticated; artless; straightforward; candid: ""Wilson's ingenuous response to the controversial calmed the suspicious listeners."""
  99. inhibit
    "to hold back, prohibit, forbid, or restrain (n: inhibition, adj: inhibited)"
  100. innocuous
    harmless; having no adverse affect; not likely to provoke strong emotion
  101. insensible
    "numb; unconscious: ""Wayne was rendered insensible by a blow to the head."" unfeeling; insensitive: ""They were insensibile to the suffering of others.:"
  102. insipid
    lacking zest or excitement; dull
  103. insular
    "of or pertaining to an island, thus, excessively exclusive: ""Newcomers found it difficult to make friends in the insular community."""
  104. intransigent
    "stubborn; immovable; unwilling to change: ""She was so intransigent we finally gave up trying to convince her."" (n: intransigence)"
  105. irascible
    "prone to outbursts of temper, easily angered"
  106. laconic
    "using few words; terse: ""a laconic reply."""
  107. latent
    present or potential but not evident or active (n: latency)
  108. laudable
    praiseworthy; commendable (v. laud)
  109. leviathan
    "giant whale, therefore, something very large"
  110. loquacious
  111. lucid
    "clear; translucent: ""He made a lucid argument to support his theory."""
  112. lugubrious
    "weighty, mournful, or gloomy, especially to an excessive degree: ""Jake's lugubrious monologues depressed his friends."""
  113. magnanimity
    generosity and nobility. (adj: magnanimous)
  114. malevolent
    "malicious; evil; having or showing ill will: ""Some early American colonists saw the wilderness as malevolent and sought to control it."""
  115. misanthrope
    "one who hates people: ""He was a true misanthrope and hated even himself."""
  116. misnomer
    incorrect name or word for something
  117. misogynist
    one who hates women
  118. mitigate
    "to make less forceful; to become more moderate; to make less harsh or undesirable: ""He was trying to mitigate the damage he had done."" (n: mitigation)"
  119. nefarious
    "wicked, evil: ""a nefarious plot."""
  120. noisome
    "harmful, offensive, destructive: ""The noisome odor of the dump carried for miles."""
  121. obdurate
    hardened against influence or feeling; intractable.
  122. obviate
    to prevent by anticipatory measures; to make unnecessary:
  123. occlude
    to close or shut off; to obstruct (n: occlusion)
  124. opaque
    "not transparent or transluscent; dense; difficult to comprehend, as inopaque reasoning"
  125. ossified
    "turned to bone; hardened like bone; Inflexible: ""The ossified culture failed to adapt to new economic conditions and died out."""
  126. panegyric
    a writing or speech in praise of a person or thing
  127. peccadillo
    a small sin or fault
  128. pedantic
    "showing a narrow concern for rules or formal book learning; making an excessive display of one's own learning: ""We quickly tired of his pedantic conversation."" (n: pedant, pedantry)."
  129. perfidious
    deliberately treacherous; dishonest (n: perfidy)
  130. petulant
    "easily or frequently annoyed, especially over trivial matters; childishly irritable"
  131. philanthropy
    "tendency or action for the benefit of others, as in donating money or property to a charitible organization"
  132. phlegmatic
    not easily excited; cool; sluggish
  133. placate
    "to calm or reduce anger by making concessions: ""The professor tried to placate his students by postponing the exam."""
  134. plastic
    related to being shaped or molded; capable of being molded. (n: plasticity n: plastic)
  135. plethora
    "excessively large quantity; overabundance: ""We received a p lethora of applications for the position."""
  136. ponderous
    "heavy; massive; awkward; dull: ""A ponderous book is better than a sleeping pill."""
  137. pragmatic
    "concerned with facts; practical, as opposed to highly principled or traditional: ""His pragmatic approach often offended idealists."" (n: pragmatism)"
  138. precipice
    "cliff with a vertical or nearly vertical face; a dangerous place from which one is likely to fall; metaphorically, a very risky circumstance"
  139. precipitate
    "to fall; to fall downward suddenly and dramatically; to bring about or hasten the occurrence of something: ""Old World diseases precipitated a massive decline in the American Indian population."""
  140. precursor
    "something (or someone) that precedes another: ""The assasination of the Archduke was a precursor to the war."""
  141. prevaricate
    "to stray away from or evade the truth: ""When we asked him what his intentions were, he prevaricated.""(n: prevarication; prevaricator)"
  142. prodigal
    "rashly wasteful: ""Americans' prodigal devotion to the automobile is unique."""
  143. propitiate
    "to conciliate; to appease: ""They made sacrifices to propitiate angry gods."""
  144. Pulchritudinous
    beautiful (n: pulchritude)
  145. pusillanimous
    "cowardly, timid, or irreselute; petty: ""The pusillanimous leader soon lost the respect of his people."""
  146. quiescence
    inactivity; stillness; dormancy (adj: quiescent)
  147. rarefy
    "to make or become thin; to purify or refine (n: rarefaction, adj: rarefied)"
  148. reproof
    "the act of censuring, scolding, or rebuking. (v. reprove)."
  149. rescind
    to repeal or annul
  150. sagacious
    having a sharp or powerful intellect or discernment. (n: sagacity).
  151. sanguine
    "cheerful; confident: ""Her sanguine attitude put everyone at ease.""(Sangfroid (noun) is a related French word meaning unflappibility. Literally, it means cold blood)"
  152. sate
    to satisfy fully or to excess
  153. saturnine
    having a gloomy or morose temperament
  154. savant
    a very knowledgable person; a genious
  155. sedulous
    "diligent; persevering; persistent: ""Her sedulous devotion to overcoming her background impressed many."" (n: sedulity; sedulousness; adv. sedulously)"
  156. specious
    "seemingly true but really false; deceptively convincing or attractive: ""Her argument, though specious, was readily accepted by many."""
  157. superficial
    "only covering the surface: ""A superficial treatment of the topic was all they wanted."""
  158. tacit
    "unspoken: ""Katie and carmella had a tacit agreement that they would not mention the dented fender to their parents."""
  159. taciturn
    habitually untalkative or silent (n: taciturnity)
  160. temperate
    exercising moderation and self-denial; calm or mild (n: temperance)
  161. tirade (diatribe)
    "an angry speech: ""His tirade had gone on long enough."""
  162. tortuous
    "twisted; excessively complicated: ""Despite public complaints, tax laws and forms have become increasingly tortuous."" Note: Don't confuse this with�torturous."
  163. tractable
    "ability to be easily managed or controlled: ""Her mother wished she were more tractable."" (n: tractibility)"
  164. turpitude
    "depravity; baseness: ""Mr. Castor was fired for moral turpitude."""
  165. tyro
    "beginner; person lacking experience in a specific endeavor: ""They easily took advantage of the tyro."""
  166. vacuous
    "empty; without contents; without ideas or intelligence:: ""She flashed a vacuous smile."""
  167. venerate
    "great respect or reverence: ""The Chinese traditionally venerated their ancestors; ancestor worship is merely a popular misnomer for this tradition."" (n: veneration, adj: venerable)"
  168. verbose
    "wordy: ""The instructor asked her verbose student make her paper more concise."" (n: verbosity)"
  169. vex
    "to annoy; to bother; to perplex; to puzzle; to debate at length: ""Franklin vexed his brother with his controversial writings."""
  170. viscous
    "slow moving; highly resistant to flow: ""Heintz commercials imply that their catsup is more viscous than others'."" (n: viscosity)"
  171. volatile
    explosive; fickle (n: volatility).
  172. voracious
    "craving or devouring large quantities of food, drink, or other things. She is a voracious reader."
  173. waver
    to hesitate or to tremble
  174. wretched
    extremely pitiful or unfortunate (n: wretch)
  175. zeal
    "enthusiastic devotion to a cause, ideal, or goal (n: zealot; zealoutry. adj: zealous)"