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Define attribution and the fundamental attribution error
- Attribution is how an individual explains the behavior of others. Example: If you see a person in the hall way with a bookbag you automatically from what you see they are comming from class or going to class.
- Fundamental Attribution error is when you over estimate personal factors and under estimate situational factors. Example: When you see a car going 15 to 45 (slow0 we assume things like they can't drive or lost and it could be a different situation( a way to explain a situation to make it better.
Explain self-serving bias
It's when we increase our positive characters and minimize our negative ones.Example: A Dating site, making ourself outgoing and minimize the negatives things about ourself.
Describe first impressions
It's the primacy effect, which is when you judge a person within seconds and it's very lasting. Example:Going out on a first date.
Define implicit personality theory
It's the charactoristics you fill in on your own about that person. Your also determining which charactoristics go together. Example: Saying their funny, shy etc.
It's when your reading the feed back from others. Example: It's when you go somewhere and you see how people are (observing them)Then you'll know how they are and you can fit in, but if you go in not knowing and joking and no one laughs then you look crazy and you won't fit in. So your taking feedback and adjusting it.
Define conformity and Asch’s contribution
Conformity changing your behavior to fit group standards, or whats normal.
Example: So If you want to join a group, And you want the group to except you; you change to be a certain way for the group to like you.
Asch's contribution It's a line experiment. Example:the class was told to choose a letter of which line is the same size and the majority the class choose C and you choose it because everybody else choose it, Or will you stick to your guns and choose different, Or just choose the same and be excepted. Example: Agreeing to something wrong but you do it to be excepted. So that's actually the reason why it makes a difference in who you hang with.
Explain social-loafing and social facilitation
- Social Loafing Its the tendency to slack off when part of a group.
- Example: Leting others take up your slack in the group.
- Social Faciliation It's a tendency to give a better performance when being watched.
- Example: It's when you know your being watched. Sometimes it could cause you to do better in class but may not.( So it's to give a better performance when being watched.)
What is the risky shift?
The more people making decisions leads to more risky decision making.
Example: Stocks, if you fail and loss 1,000 dollars everybody else did, So basicly the more of them agree the more the chance off lossing with you. so in other words you'll feel better cause your not alone, so a group is better then 1 or 3 people lossing.
Define compliance and obedience
Compliance Changing your behavior due to a request.
Example: Giving in cause you feel obligated, It's your own free will( asking a person to do to much for you and they do it , then their complying with you, or you ask for 50 dollars first but really wants 20 so that they will give you the 20 at leased.
Obedience It's following the demands of an authority figure.
Example: A judge may request you to pay child support and you do it cause it's an authority figure.
Explain altruism and the bystander effect
Altruism It's Unselfish acts( like helping someone)
Example: Doing something for someone else but it costed you, or if you have somthing nice done for you, you do something nice for someone else.
Bystander effect is loss of personal responsibility cause people to NOT help in a group.
Example: A group crises happens and you feel like since there is 50 more people someone will help so you don't.
Describe the Stanford Prison Study
It's was when you pretend to be an authority figure like a guard at a prison and you become that person the longer your in control, you enjoy having the authority, And the inmates become or start feeling like real prisoners.