Card Set Information
Bel Rea Pharmo Pharmocology
Pharmacology vocabulary and definitions.
What is pharmacology?
The study of drugs
What is a drug?
Any chemical or substance used to dx, tx, cure or prevent dz.
What does an antipyretic do?
What does an analgesic do?
The combination or addition of a metal in a ring or compound
Define half-life as it pertains to this subject.
The time required for 1/2 the drug to be eliminated from the body.
The art of raising/ lowering a drug until clinically effective levels are reached.
Define supra infection.
An infection that occurs above the original infection, but not necessarily b/c of the original infection. May alter original tx.
Define drug vehicle.
The substance in which a drug is dissolved or carried. Can be dry or liq.
How well a drug works. (NOT related to how much has to be given)
When something outside of what is expected happens. (Ex: an induction drug makes the pt bounce off the walls)
The study of the mechanisms of action of drugs and other biochemical and physiological effects. (What a drug does to a healthy pt with no illness)
The tx of dzs with medicines.
The study of the MOA of a drug and its biological and physiological effects on a sick pt that has a dz.
The study of motion. What happens in the pt concerning drug absorption, blood levels, distribution, metabolism and excretion.
Study of ODs and poisons
Study of doses
The science concerned with collection, preperation, standardization, and dispensing of drugs.
Based upon therapeutic index.
The amount of a drug that produces the desired effect in 50% of pts.
The amount of a drug that produces death in 50% of pts.
Calculation for therapeutic index
The TI must be at least 4 for a drug to be considered "safe". The higher the TI, the safer the drug. (As in, the higher the number, the more you can screw up before you kill a pt)
The really really long one (NOT the generic name)
Made up by a company, refers to the composition. Non-exclusive to the company (the company that picks the generic name does not own it and it can be used by anyone)
Brand/ Trade/ Propietary name
Picked by a company, has to be registered and is owned. If patented, the company owns that drug formula for 17 years.
A drug that is made by a company that does not own the drug. These are usually drugs that were never patented or the patent has expired.
Requires an rx to be obtained.
No rx required