Chapter 6: Part 2

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Bwaller0016
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92962
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Chapter 6: Part 2
Updated:
2011-07-04 19:11:49
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Part 2 Bones & Skeletal Tissue
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  1. What are 3 bone markings?
    • bulges
    • depressions
    • holes
  2. Bone markings are sites of attachment for ___________, ___________, & __________.
    muscles, ligaments, and tendons
  3. Rounded projection = ____________
    tuberosity
  4. Narrow, prominent ridge = __________
    crest
  5. large, blunt, irregular surface = __________
    trochanter
  6. raised area above a condyle = __________
    epicondyle
  7. sharp, slender projection = ___________
    spine
  8. any bony prominence = ___________
    process
  9. Projections that help to form joints are ___________, ___________, & ___________.
    • head
    • facet
    • condyle
  10. bony expansion carried on a narrow neck = ___________
    head
  11. smooth, nearly flat articular surface = ____________
    facet
  12. rounded articular projection = __________
    condyle
  13. Depressions and openings are __________, ___________, & ___________.
    • meatus
    • fossa
    • foramen
  14. canal like passageway = ___________
    meatus
  15. shallow, basinlike depression = __________
    fossa
  16. round or oval opening through a bone = _____________
    foramen
  17. Two textures of bones are _________ & __________.
    compact and spongy
  18. Dense outer layer is __________ bone.
    compact
  19. Honey comb or trabecular layer of bone is ___________ bone.
    spongy
  20. The shaft of the bone is the __________.
    diaphysis
  21. What surrounds medullary cavity?
    compact bone collar
  22. What is medullary?
    marrow
  23. Medullary in adults contains ______.
    fat
  24. The expanded ends is the ________.
    ephyses
  25. What kind of interior does the ephyses have?
    spongy bone
  26. What is the ephyseal line?
    remnant of growth plate
  27. What does the epiphyses have on joint surfaces?
    Articular (hyaline) cartliage
  28. Outer fibrous layer of the bone is the ______________.
    periosteum
  29. What makes up the inner osteogenic layer?
    • osteoblasts
    • osteoclasts
    • osteogenic cells
  30. ___________ are bone forming.
    osteoblasts
  31. ____________ are bone destroying.
    osteoclasts
  32. What are osteogenic cells?
    stem cells
  33. How do nerve fibers, nutrient blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels enter the bone?
    via nutrient foramina
  34. Periostium is secured to underlying bone by ___________ fibers.
    Sharpey's
  35. Delicate membrane on internal surfaces of bone is ____________.
    endosteum
  36. Endosteum also includes __________ & ___________.
    osteoblasts and osteoclasts

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