articulations found in the lower 5 cervical intervertebral joints
they are synovial joints formed by the base of the vertebral body and
the uncinate processes that project superiorly from the vertebral body below it. When the C-spine flexes, laterally bends and
Why is the sacrum known as the “keystone”
of the pelvic girdle?
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has 3 basic
What is the primary motion of the
because of the increased vertical angle of their articular processes and the limited motion imposed by the ribcage.
the diaphragm contracts and flattens and the chest cavity __________
The sympathetic nervous system helps manage stress and requirements of the environment. What systems and viscera in the body does it have control over and give an example of what happens to each these systems and
Where do lymph nodes join to form lymph trunks and what areas do they drain?
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Jugular:head and neck
Subclavian – upper limbs;
Bronchomediastinal– thoracic wall, lung and heart;
Intestinal – stomach, intestines, pancreas, spleenand part of the liver;
Lumbar – lower limbs, wall and viscera of the pelvis, kidneys, adrenal glands and abdominal wall;
What are the boundaries of the Ischiorectal Fossa?
Pelvic Diaphram- superiorily
Skin inferiorly- (perineum)
Perianal membrane – anterior
Gluteus maximu and scacrotuberous
What are the consequences that could occur with an imbalance of the pelvic diaphragm?
What are the structures that pass through the thoracic inlet?
Nerves – Phrenic C3, 4, 5,
Vagus nerve Cranial nerve X,
Recurrent laryngeal nerves,
Name 2 muscles on tension during leg rotations at the point when the knee is laterally rotated or abducted.
What are the borders of the Femoral Triangle?
Which 4 muscles make up the rotator cuff
____of the side bending and rotation of the cervical spine happens between ___ and _C7_____, while the remaining _____% of side bending and rotation of the cervical spine happens between _____ and ____.
The dens, also known as the ______________ process, creates a pivot on which the _______ rotates around the ____.
During inhalation the ___ hiatus opens due to an increase in pressure of the abdominal cavity, increasing ______ return through the inferior vena cava to the heart
The femoral triangle is bordered superiorly by the , medially by the a , and laterally by the .
List the vessels that pass through the femoral triangle:
(and several but not all of its branches),(and its proximal tributaries deepfemoral and great saphenous veins), and
The ________ganglion articulates with the first rib and the _______ arteries lie anteriorly to it.
The thoracic lymph nodes that are responsible for collecting lymph from the diaphragm, lower esophagus, lungs and liver are referred to as:
The __________carries sensory information from parts of the lungs and the pericardium of the heart, as well as, motor impulses to the diaphragm muscle
The __________is the main parasympathetic nerve of the body and it passes down the neck and through the thoracic inlet to the abdomen.
The rotator cuff muscles (known as the SITS muscle group) stabilize the _______to the __________to permit arm movement. The large extrinsic shoulder muscles do not function properly if the “SITS” muscles lose their _________.
Gibsons facia surrounds _____________ muscles and___________
Kegal exercises help tone the ___________
_________and_________ bones are helpful landmarks that correspond to the level of C3
A motion that repeats itself in regular cycle
___________and _____________ are mechanisms that help move lymph.
The diaphragm is flattened during __________ and dome shaped during ___________.
The sacrum absorbs ___________and allows the arches of the pelvic girdle to ___________
The absence of ______ makes the spinal veins unique from any other veins in the body.
The ____________accounts for 50%
rotation of the head on a transverse plane about a vertical axis.
What is the definition of oscillation?
The neck is divided into anterior and
posterior by what muscle?
How many lymphatic ducts and trunks are
there and what are they called?
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What are the actions of bulbospongiosus?
What structure is considered the beginning opening of the thoracic lymphatic duct?
What are the main functions of the lymphatic system?
What three major joints are articulated during myo-articulation of the shoulder?
What is the main parasympathetic nerve of
the body originating from the medulla oblongata and what are it’s roots?
What major arteries are affected by myo-articulation of the leg in supine position?
Explain how Wernham's polygon applies to OSD?
Polygons of Force: a collection of lines which represent the direction of forces throughout the body formed into a polygonal organization ";
T & COG lines
Explain why a woman cannot orgasm? How would you assess and treat such a case?
Why is myoarticulation treatment performed in supine and prone positions only?
an upright patient position increases CSF flow to the cranium because of the valveless veins;
temporarily disable passage of toxic blood through the sphenoidal foramen
Prone leg rotation assists drainage of which important clinical landmark?
During OSD if the chin line is anterior what happens within the polygon? Posterior?
Increased pressure on the diaphragm
anterior torsion of L1-2 tension on
increased cervical lordosis
increased tension at T11/T12 causing
knee will protrude posteriorly applying
nutated sacrum likely nutated sphenoid
abdominal pressure posterior onto
anterior cervical ligaments stretched
rhomboid contraction from reduced
increased chance of inhaled ribs dues to
increased lumbar lordosis
Increased pressure on SI joints
knees will protrude posteriorly
increased tension on sciatic nerve as leg
Increased tension on deltoid ligament and
The ________ plexus runs under the clavicle and over the first rib. It’s roots are ___________.
The cardinal arm movements liberate the ___________, the __________, the _________and __________, by lifting the _______ off of the first rib.
Apertures of the Respiratory Diaphragm are CC Hiatus
Unequal tension in the ______________ can draw the ___________ tendon off center altering the size, shape and position of the openings that run through this important muscle.
The _____________ articulates with the first rib.
The ______________ is superficial to the
The ___________and ___________ pass through the Caval hiatus of the diaphragm.
The supine treatment of the thoracic polygonal base is referred to as
The following joints (4) are found in the pelvis:
What is the strongest ligament in the body?
Distal and proximal ends of the clavicle are termed protraction and retraction occurring along
the SC joint’s __________ axis
The act of circumduction of the forearm produces a pumping action on the nerves, arteries, veins and lymphatics of the region. As the forearm is ____________ it forces all the fluid into the thoracic cavity and as the forearm is brought into _______ it draws fluid into the arm and forearm.
How does leg rotation influence blood flow through the entire body?
The leg acts as a holding reservoir of fluid when in a static position. With the leg rotation movement, it
During the 2nd cardinal movement in supine myoarticulation of the shoulder, what plane and axisis the humerus in?
What is this movement doing to the spine?
What is the name of the lymph node that is the converging point of lymph vessels from the head and neck?
What is the function of the transverse ligament of the atlas?
Name the 4 nerves that pass through the thoracic inlet.
Nutation of thesacrum causes the apex of the sacrum to move _________ resulting in _______ of the lumbar spine.
The femoral artery descends along the middle of the anterior thigh and crosses overto the posterior thigh.
What is the artery called before it is the femoral artery, and what does it turn into?
Name 4 nerves from the lumbosacral plexus and their roots.
What are the 5 lymph trunks?
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Name the 4 structures that travel between the thorax and abdomen that pass through
the diaphragm. CC Hiatus