Emergency Medical Care

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  1. What is HBV?
    A. A virus
    B. A vaccine
    C. A disease
    D. A type of respirator
    A. A virus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. What is the term for the discoloring of the parts of a deceased person’s body closest to the ground?
    A. Myasthenia gravis
    B. Dependent lividity
    C. Death rattle
    D. Port mortem coagulation
    B. Dependent lividity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. What can be said about the victim vomiting during CPR?
    A. It is a sign CPR is failing.
    B. It is a sign CPR is working.
    C. It is rare.
    D. It is common.
    D. It is common.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. What is the usual cure for shock?
    A. Simply lying still for a few minutes
    B. Reassurance
    C. Returning the body temperature to normal
    D. Surgical repair
    D. Surgical repair
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Of what relevance is the fact that some forms of tuberculosis are emerging that are resistant to drugs?
    A. It makes the disease more dangerous.
    B. It makes the diseasemore expensive to treat.
    C. It makes the disease harder to detect.
    D. This development is of no consequence.
    A. It makes the disease more dangerous.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. What is the most common cause of total lack of respirations?
    A. Trauma
    B. Heart attack
    C. Drowning
    D. Choking
    B. Heart attack
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. What should rescuers do if they hear a cracking sound while performing CPR?
    A. Roll the victim into the rescue position.
    B. Check and correct hand position.
    C. Stop CPR.
    D. Nothing, continue on.
    B. Check and correct hand position.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. What type of respirator is required to minimize exposure to tuberculosis?
    A. REPA
    B. HEPA
    C. REAP
    D. HEAP
    B. HEPA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. One of the main purposes of the respiratory system is to provide oxygen; what is the other?
    A. Remove carbon monoxide from red blood cells as they pass through the lungs
    B. Remove carbon dioxide from outside air prior
    C. Remove carbon dioxide from red blood cells as they pass through the lungs
    to absorbing into bloodstream
    D. Remove carbon dioxide from white blood cells
    as they pass though the lungs
    C. Remove carbon dioxide from red blood cells as they pass through the lungs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which of the following is a method to keep an airway open for a victim who is breathing and has no trauma?
    A. Reclined
    B. Trendelenburg
    C. Recovery
    D. Supine
    C. Recovery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. When performing the Heimlich maneuver, where does the fire fighter place the thumb side of the fist?
    A. On the belly button
    B. Below the belly button
    C. On the xiphoid
    D. Midway between belly button and xiphoid
    D. Midway between belly button and xiphoid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Where does blood from the lungs go?
    A. Left atrium
    B. Left ventricle
    C. Right atrium
    D. Right ventricle
    A. Left atrium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. What is the most common cause of shock?
    A. Fluid loss
    B. Fright
    C. Heat loss
    D. Allergic reaction
    A. Fluid loss
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. What type of burn is also known as a first-degree burn and is characterized by reddened and painful
    skin?
    A. Partial-thickness
    B. Superficial
    C. Sunburn
    D. Full-thickness
    B. Superficial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. What is the initial treatment for a chemical burn involving an acid?
    A. Apply a base
    B. Brush the material off the victim
    C. Cover the victim
    D. Apply oxygen
    B. Brush the material off the victim
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. During triage, what color is the tag of a victim who has first priority?
    A. Black
    B. Red
    C. Blue
    D. Green
    B. Red
  17. Which patient should receive high-flow oxygen via non-rebreather mask?
    a. responsive 45-year-old woman breathing at the rate of 30 breaths per minute
    b. nonresponsive 25-year-old man who produces a gurgling sound when he breaths
    c. responsive 60-year-old man breathing at the rate of 10 breathes per minute
    d. responsive 3-year-old child breathing at the rate of 28 breaths per minute
    • a. responsive 45-year-old woman breathing at the rate of 30 breaths per minute
  18. Which patient is at highest risk for hidden injury?
    A. 25-year-old man who is alert and remains seated in him vehicle after a medium-speed collision
    B. 45-year-old man who was ejected from his car after a high-speed collision
    C. 30-year-old woman who got out of her car after a low-speed collision
    D. 9-year-old child who fell 7 feet off a swing set
    B. 45-year-old man who was ejected from his car after a high-speed collision
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. When performing the rapid trauma assessment, the next step after assessing the neck is to
    A. assess the head
    B. apply a cervical immobilization device
    C. clear the airway and administer supplemental oxygen
    D. assess the chest
    B. apply a cervical immobilization device
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which patient can safely receive only a targeted physical examination rather than a rapid trauma assessment?
    A. 20-year-old woman who complains of severe pain in her ankle after stepping off a curb
    B. 10-year-old child with a deformed right lower leg who is responsive after falling off his bicycle
    C. 70-year-old man who complains of neck pain after a medium-speed car collision
    D. 30-year-old man who is unresponsive but has only minor cuts on the extremities
    A. 20-year-old woman who complains of severe pain in her ankle after stepping off a curb
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The first step in the assessment of an unresponsive medical patient is to
    A. assess vital signs
    B. perform rapid assessment
    C. obtain SAMPLE history from a bystander or family member
    D. position the patient to protect the airway
    B. perform rapid assessment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The purpose of ongoing assessment is to reevaluate the patient’s condition and to
    A. check the adequacy of each intervention
    B. reassure the patient
    C. find additional injuries you missed during the initial assessment
    D. protect the EMT against liability
    A. check the adequacy of each intervention
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The EMT-Basic may sometimes enlist bystanders to assist by
    A. administering medications
    B. administering oxygen
    C. placing the patient on a stretcher
    D. communicating with central dispatch
    C. placing the patient on a stretcher
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Your patient tells you that he just can’t seem to catch his breath. You would describe the nature of illness as
    A. emphysema
    B. respiratory distress
    C. chest pain
    D. apnea
    B. respiratory distress
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The preferred method for an EMT-Basic to use to ventilate a patient is
    a. one-person bag-valve-mask
    b. flow-restricted, oxygen-powered ventilation device c. two-person bag-valve-mask
    d. mouth-to-mask
    c. two-person bag-valve-mask
  26. When suctioning a patient, how far should you insert a soft French catheter?
    A. as far as the base of the tongue
    B. until resistance is encountered
    C. as far as you can see
    D. past the vocal cords
    A. as far as the base of the tongue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. What is the correct procedure for a patient who has secretions or emesis that suctioning cannot easily remove?
    A. intubate the patient
    B. logroll the patient and clear the oropharynx
    C. suction for 15 seconds, ventilate for 2 minutes, and the repeat
    D. ventilate the patient with a bag-valve-mask
    B. logroll the patient and clear the oropharynx
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. During active inhalation, the diaphragm
    a. contracts and flattens, increasing the size of the chest cavity
    b. relaxes, decreasing the size of the thoracic cavity c. moves upward, forcing the lungs to contract
    d. moves upward, forcing the ribs to move downward and inward
    • a. contracts and flattens, increasing the size of the chest cavity
  29. The first step in the delivery of high-flow oxygen via nonrebreather mask is to
    A. select the correct size mask
    B. regulate the flow of oxygen
    C. inflate the reservoir bag with oxygen
    D. reassure the patient
    B. regulate the flow of oxygen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The correct rate of artificial ventilations for an adult patient is
    A. 10 ventilations per minute
    B. 5 ventilations per minute
    C. 12 ventilations per minute
    D. 3 ventilations per minute
    C. 12 ventilations per minute
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. A bulb syringe is used to suction infants up to the age of
    A. 1 month
    B. 3-4 months
    C. 1 year
    D. 6-8 months
    B. 3-4 months
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. If a patient’s blood pressure drops after administering nitroglycerin, you should
    a. assist the patient to lie down, and transport the patient immediately
    b. administer a second dose of nitroglycerin
    c. place the patient in Trendelenburg’s position, and reassess
    d. administer oxygen
    • c. place the patient in Trendelenburg’s position, and reassess
  33. Which of the following would be a life-threatening blood loss in a child?
    A. 20% of total blood volume
    B. 2% of total blood volume
    C. 10% of total blood volume
    D. 5% of total blood volume
    A. 20% of total blood volume
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. After early access to the EMS system, the next step in the “chain of survival” in cardiac care is
    A. cardiac medication
    B. early CPR
    C. early defibrillation
    D. early ACLS
    B. early CPR
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. If the automatic external defibrillator advises you that no shock is indicated, the first thing you should do is to
    A. check the patient’s pulse
    B. continue CPR
    C. consult medical direction
    D. remove and reattach the AED leads
    A. check the patient’s pulse
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. You are transporting a patient who has been resuscitated but who is still unresponsive. You should check the patient’s pulse
    A. after delivering the third and sixth shock
    B. every 30 seconds
    C. every minute
    D. every 5 minutes
    B. every 30 seconds
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. All of the following are risk factors for suicide EXCEPT
    A. alcoholism
    B. age younger than 20
    C. age older than 40
    D. recent death of a loved one
    B. age younger than 20
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Two important principles in the emergency treatment of local cold injuries are to remove the patient from the cold environment and to
    A. prevent further tissue damage
    B. rewarm the cold extremity quickly
    C. warm the whole body as soon as possible
    D. prevent or treat pain
    A. prevent further tissue damage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Your patient has been stung by a bee, and the stinger is present in the wound. You should attempt to remove it by
    A. scraping it away with rigid object
    B. grabbing it with sterile tweezers
    C. grabbing hold of it in your fingers
    D. cutting around it with a knife
    A. scraping it away with rigid object
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. When using the blow-by oxygen delivery method for an infant, the correct flow rate is
    A. 5 L/min
    B. 10 L/min
    C. 20 L/min
    D. 15 L/min
    A. 5 L/min
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. A common cause of shock in young children is
    A. cardiac arrest
    B. dehydration
    C. allergic reactions
    D. meningitis
    B. dehydration
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Emergency care for a responsive child with a foreign-body airway obstruction includes
    A. standing behind the child and performing sub-diaphragmatic thrusts
    B. placing the child supine on the floor and performing abdominal thrusts
    C. holding the child on your knee and performing back blows
    D. placing the child supine on the floor and attempting to visualize the obstruction
    A. standing behind the child and performing sub-diaphragmatic thrusts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. A 2-year-old is in respiratory failure when he has
    a. altered mental status and breathing rate of 68 per minute
    b. limp muscle tone and weak or absent distal pulses c. nasal flaring and mottled skin color
    d. breathing rate of 6 per minute and heart rate of 50 per minute
    a. altered mental status and breathing rate of 68 per minute
  44. Your patient is a 9-year-old girl who has cut her face. You can best comfort her and enlist her cooperation by
    A. explaining what you are doing and reassuring her about her recovery
    B. examining a teddy bear before you begin to assess her injury
    C. allowing her to play with you equipment
    D. sitting her on her mother’s lap during assessment and treatment
    A. explaining what you are doing and reassuring her about her recovery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. You have just assisted in delivering an infant with a pink body, a pulse rate of 106/minute, and good muscle tone. The infant is crying lustily. How should you care for this newborn?
    A. start chest compressions following newborn CPR standards
    B. administer free-flow oxygen by holding an oxygen mask or tubing over the newborn’s face
    C. provide positive pressure ventilations at the rate of 60 per minute with a bag-valve-mask
    D. wrap the newborn in clean towels and give it to the mother to hold during transport
    D. wrap the newborn in clean towels and give it to the mother to hold during transport
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. The plastic bag included in the delivery kit is used to
    A. create a sterile field under the newborn
    B. transport the placenta to the hospital
    C. create a sterile field under the mother
    D. dispose of soiled towels and drapes
    B. transport the placenta to the hospital
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. If a mother bleeds excessively from her vagina after delivery, you should
    A. administer oxygen
    B. do nothing; heavy bleeding is normal
    C. massage her abdomen gently
    D. treat her for shock
    C. massage her abdomen gently
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. The correct procedure for handling used airways is to a. discard them
    b. clean them
    c. disinfect them with bleach and water solution
    d. sterilize them
    a. discard them
  49. According to CDC guidelines, the process of destroying all microorganisms, including bacterial spore, is
    A. sterilization
    B. intermediate-level disinfection
    C. low-level disinfection
    D. high-level disinfection
    A. sterilization
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. You would be violating a patient’s right to confidentiality if you
    A. notify the police that you suspect a child’s injuries resulted from abuse
    B. report on a patient’s condition to the receiving facility
    C. report on a patient’s condition to your supervisor for the purpose of filing an insurance claim
    D. notify a patient’s spouse of the nature of the patient’s illness
    D. notify a patient’s spouse of the nature of the patient’s illness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
Author
ID
93032
Card Set
Emergency Medical Care
Description
Emergency Medical Care
Updated
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