Hemo test rvw

Card Set Information

Author:
BLMercier91
ID:
93093
Filename:
Hemo test rvw
Updated:
2011-07-05 23:52:08
Tags:
Bel Rea Hemo Hematology
Folders:

Description:
Review for hemo test 1
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user BLMercier91 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. During venipuncture what should you do with the pt?
    Keep them as still and quite as possible.
  2. What veins are used for dogs?
    • Jugular: Used to obtain lg amts of blood
    • Cephalic: can draw lg amts with lg pts. IVC placement is a contraindication.
    • Recurrent tarsal
  3. What veins are used with cats?
    • Jugular: Stressful but preferred due to size.
    • Cephalic: Used with FELV+ kittens. Usually collapses.
    • Femoral: Can't draw >1cc
    • Lateral saphenous
  4. When are needle gauge and syringe size not important?
    A. In anemic pts
    B. Needle gauge and syringe size never matter
    C. When you know why the hemolysis is occuring
    D. Never
    E. When hemolysis is less likely to affect test results
    E. When hemolysis is less likely to affect test results
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. What does needle length depend on?
    A. Species
    B. Needle length is unimportant
    C. Obesity
    D. Breed
    A. Species

    Birds and sm pets: 3/8"-1/2" needle length
    Dogs & cats: 3/4"-1" length unless obese
    Lg animal: 1"-3" needle length
    Swine: 3" needle for anterior vena cava
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. </= 25 ga needle is used on what species for what sites?
    Birds for cutaneous ulnar, medial saphenous, and jugular
  7. 25 ga is used on what species for what sites?
    Cats & k9s for lateral saphenous and femoral
  8. 22 ga is used on what species for what sites?
    • cat/ cat sized dogs for jugular
    • med-lg dogs for cephalic
  9. 20 ga is used on what species and for what sites?
    • med-lg dogs for jugular
    • sheep/goats for jugular
    • cattle for tail vein
  10. 18 ga is used on what species for what sites?
    • horses for jugular
    • cattle for tail vein
  11. 16 ga is used on what species for what sites?
    swine for ant vena cava
  12. A LTT has what anticoagulant and is used for what test?
    EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid), CBC
  13. How should you manage your LTT sample?
    mix, make BF ASAP, refridgerate
  14. What special considerations should be taken with collection tubes?
    If not running tests immediately refridgerate your sample to minimize cell damage, gently and thoroughly mix blood to prevent hemolysis and clotting, make BF ASAP
  15. What anticoagulant does a GreenTT contain and what tests is it used for?
    Heparin (prevents conversion of prothrombin to thrombin), used for blood gas determinations
  16. How should you manage your GreenTT sample?
    mix it
  17. What does a BlueTT contain and what tests is it used for?
    Na Citrate (binds calcium), used for coagulation studies
  18. What is the fluid portion of a BlueTT called?
    Citrated plasma
  19. What considerations must be kept in mind with a BlueTT?
    The tube must be full b/c the blood:anticoagulant ratio is crucial. After spinning the tube separate off the citrated plasma. Freeze if processing is in >6 hrs, and refridgerate if <6 hrs.
  20. What does a GreyTT contain and what studies is it used for?
    Oxylate. used for blood glucose lvl determinations.
  21. How should you manage your GreyTT sample?
    mix it
  22. What does a RTT contain and what studies is it used for?
    Nothing, used for blood chemistry studies.
  23. How should you manage a RTT sample?
    Clot, spin, separate serum ASAP
  24. How do you manage a serum separator RTT sample?
    clot, spin, don't need to separate b/c of the waxy barrier.
  25. What does a blue ring crit tube contain and what tests is it used for?
    Nothing, used with a LTT for PCV, TP, and BF
  26. What does a red ring crit tube contain and what is it used for?
    Heparin, used for PCV and TP directly from the pt
  27. What does a black ring crit tube contain and what is it used for?
    Heparin, bird and reptile CBCs.
  28. What is the biggest error in veterinary hematology?
    Not gently and thoroughly mixing the sample.
  29. Define plasma
    The liquid portion of anti-coagulate WB
  30. Define serum
    The liquid portion of clotted WB
  31. What is the anatomy of a spun crit tube from the top down?
    Plasma, buffy coat, RBCs, clay
  32. What are normal plasma colors?
    Clear/ Straw (NOT yellow)
  33. What are some causes of hemolytic plasma?
    Shaking, too sm of a needle with too much backpressure, iv hemolysis
  34. What are some causes of icteric plasma?
    biliary stasis, carotenes in diet, ev hemolysis
  35. What are some causes of lipemic plasma?
    post prandial, hypothyroid, DM
  36. What time and rate is blood spun at?
    5 mins @ 6000 RPMs
  37. What is the size of the buffy coat an indicator of?
    WBCs
  38. What do you check the buffy coat for on your microscope?
    Microfilariae on 10x
  39. Define PCV
    The % of a quantity of blood which is made up of RBCs
  40. What do you measure TP to?
    The nearest 0.2 g/dl
  41. What is the sp.gr of dH2O?
    1.000
  42. What should the differential for dogs and cats be?
    • segs 55-85%
    • lymphs 15-45%
    • monos & eos 0-5%
    • basos Rare
  43. What should the differential for a horse be?
    • segs & lymphs ~50:50
    • monos & eos 0-5%
    • basos Rare
  44. What should the differential for a cow be?
    • lymphs 55-85%
    • segs 15-45%
    • monos & eos 0-5%
    • basos Rare
  45. An RBC count gives what?
    An indication of the general amt of RBCs available to the body. A dec can indicate anemia
  46. A WBC count gives what?
    An indication of WBCs
  47. Plt count determines what?
    Amt of plts in blood. Is quantified
  48. PCV gives what?
    % quantity of blood made up of RBCs
  49. TP gives what?
    Amount of proteins present in fluid portion of blood
  50. hgb gives what?
    Amount of hgb present in RBCs
  51. Define Blood Film
    The best evaluation of any cell count is the microscopic evaluation of a well-made and properly stained blood film
  52. What is the procedure for Wrights stain?
    • Jar 1: Wright's Stain- Place film in for 1-3 mins, tap.
    • Jar 2: Buffer with 1 pippette of Wright's stain- place film in for 1 min, tap.
    • Jar 3: dH2O- 7-10 1 sec dips.
  53. What must you use to remove the film from Wright's stain?
    Thumb forceps
  54. What is Rouleaux?
    Chains or stacks. Think elmers glue.
  55. What is agglutination?
    Clusters. Think super glue.
  56. How can you differentiate btwn Rouleaux and agglutination?
    By doing a saline wash. Agglutination will stay.

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview