Academic Vocabulary

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Academic Vocabulary
2011-07-06 10:49:15
7th Grade Reading

Literature Terms
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  1. fiction (type of genre)
    • made-up stories about characters and events
    • ex- short stories, novels, folk tales
    • contains chapters and parts
  2. poetry (type of genre)
    • words are chosen and arranged in a compact, precise way to create specific effects
    • ex- haiku, limericks, narrative poems
  3. non-fiction (type of genre)
    • tells about real people, places, and events
    • ex- autobiographies, essays, new articles, biographies, speeches, feature aritcles
  4. drama (type of genre)
    • stories meant to be performed
    • ex- comedies, historical dramas
  5. media (type of genre)
    • refers to communication that reaches many people
    • ex- feature film, advertising, news media
  6. short story (fiction)
    • a brief work of fiction that can usually be read in one sitting
    • often focuses on a single event or a few main characters
  7. novel (fiction)
    • a much longer work of fiction that can take longer days or even weeks to read
    • novels have room to develop more complex characters and plot
  8. plot
    the action of the story
  9. characters
    the persons or animals involved in the action
  10. setting
    where and when the action takes place
  11. conflict
    • struggle between different forces
    • it is the fuel that keeps the action moving forward
    • types: external or internal
  12. internal conflict
    • a struggle within a character's mind
    • this kind of conflict happens when a character must deal with opposing thoughts or feelings
    • example: girl vs. herself
    • Take a risk or play it safe?
    • Admit needing help or do it alone?
  13. external conflict
    • a struggle between a character and an outside force
    • example: another character (boxer faces opponent),
    • a group of characters (a girl fight with friends),
    • or nature ((sea captain vs. nature)
  14. theme
    • the big idea behind the story
    • -what the story is really about
    • ex- courage and survival
  15. point of view
    • refers to how a writer chooses to narrate a story
    • first-person: narrator is the character and uses pronouns: I, me, and we
    • third-person: narrator is not a character and uses pronouns: he, she, it, and they
  16. subjective point of view
    writer includes personal opinions, feelings, and beliefs
  17. objective point of view
    writer leaves out personal opinions and instead presents information in a straightforward, unbiased way
  18. drama
    • meant to be performed before an audience
    • developed through dialogue (what characters say) and action (what characters do)
    • made up of scenes and acts, rather than chapters and parts
  19. autobiography (non-fiction)
    • the true story of a person's life, told by that person
    • told by the first-person point of view
  20. biography (non-fiction)
    • the true story of a person's life, told by someone else
    • told by the third-person point of view
  21. essay (non-fiction)
    • short piece of writing about a single, focused subject
    • purpose: to express feelings, to inform, to entertain, to persuade
    • uses formal or informal language
  22. speech (non-fiction)
    • oral presentation of the speaker's ideas or beliefs
    • purpose: to express feelings, to inform, to entertain, or to persuade
    • achieves power through well-chosen language as well as the speaker's voice and gestures
  23. news/feature articles (non-fiction)
    • informational writing provide in-depth coverage of interesting people, topics, and trends
    • gives examples, statistics, quotations from sources, and graphic aids to present information
  24. consumer douments (non-fiction)
    • printed materials that usually accompany products and services
    • purpose: to inform consumers about how to use a product or servie
    • includes: illustrations, diagrams, and step-by-step directions