Includes all the biotic and abiotic factors within a specific area. Ecosystem ecology – pertains to energy flow and the cycling of chemicals among various biotic and abiotic factors.
Way in which individuals spread out within a population’s geographic range.
Individuals aggregated in patches.
a) Most common in nature.
b) Associated with uneven nutrient distribution (fungi) or social behaviors (wolves).
Maximum population size a particular environment can support.
The relative numbers of individuals at each age in a population.
The series of events from birth through reproduction and death that affect an organism’s life schedule. Variable 1: At what age reproduction begins: Variable 2: How often reproduction occurs Variable 3: How many offspring are produced
A group of individuals of the same age whose fate can be followed from birth to death.