Endocrine System: Anatomical Terms

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pugluv01
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93157
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Endocrine System: Anatomical Terms
Updated:
2011-07-06 20:07:14
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medterm ch11 quiz5
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Quiz 5
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  1. adrenal glands
    located next to each kidney, the adrenal cortex secretes steroid hormones and the adrenal medulla secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine
  2. suprarenal glands
    located next to each kidney, the adrenal cortex secretes steroid hormones and the adrenal medulla secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine
  3. steroid hormones
    regulate carbohydrate metabolism and salt and water balance; some effect on sexual characteristics

    • Includes:
    • - glucocorticoids
    • - mineral corticosteroids
    • - androgens
  4. epinephrine
    affect sympathetic system stress response
  5. norepinephrine
    affect sympathetic system stress response
  6. ovaries
    located one on each side of the uterus in the female pelvis, functioning to secrete estrogen and progesterone
  7. estrogen
    responsible for the development of female secondary sex characteristics and the regulation of reproduction
  8. progesterone
    responsible for the development of female secondary sex characteristics and the regulation of reproduction
  9. pancreas (islets of Langerhans)
    located behind the stomach in front of the first and second lumbar vertebrae, functioning to secrete insulin and glucagon
  10. insulin
    regulate carbohydrate/sugar metabolism
  11. glucagon
    regulate carbohydrate/sugar metabolism
  12. parathyroid glands
    located on the posterior aspect of the thyroid gland in the neck, functioning to secrete parathyroid hormone (PTH)
  13. parathyroid hormone (PTH)
    regulates calcium and phosphorus metabolism
  14. pineal gland
    located in the center of the brain, functioning to secrete melatonin and serotonin
  15. melatonin
    exact function unknown; affects onset of puberty
  16. serotonin
    a neurotransmitter that serves as the precursor to melatonin
  17. pituitary gland (hypophysis)
    located at the base of the brain, the anterior pituitary secretes thyroid-stimulating hormone, adrenocorticotropic hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, melanocyte-stimulating hormone, growth hormone, and prolactin; the posterior pituitary releases antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin
  18. thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
    stimulates secretion from thyroid gland
  19. adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
    stimulates secretion from adrenal cortex
  20. follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
    initiates growth of ovarian follicle; stimulates secretion of estrogen in females and sperm production in males
  21. luteinizing hormone (LH)
    causes ovulation; stimulates secretion of progesterone by corpus luteum; causes secretion of testosterone in testes
  22. melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)
    affects skin pigmentation
  23. growth hormone (GH)
    influences growth
  24. prolactin (lactogenic hormone)
    stimulates breast development and milk production during pregnancy
  25. antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
    influences the absorption of water by kidney tubules
  26. oxytocin
    influences uterine contraction
  27. testes
    located one on each side within the scrotum in the male, functioning to secrete testosterone
  28. testosterone
    affects masculinization and reproduction
  29. thymus gland
    located in the mediastinal cavity anterior to and above the heart, functioning to secrete thymosin
  30. thymosin
    regulates immune reponse
  31. thyroid gland
    located in front of the neck, functioning to secrete triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), and calcitonin
  32. triiodothyronine (T3)
    known as the thyroid hormones; regulate metabolism
  33. thyroxine (T4)
    known as the thyroid hormones; regulate metabolism
  34. calcitonin
    regulates calcium and phosphorus metabolism

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