DIAZEPAM

Card Set Information

Author:
Kylecon40
ID:
93410
Filename:
DIAZEPAM
Updated:
2011-07-08 15:54:54
Tags:
DIAZEPAM
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Description:
DIAZEPAM
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  1. Class
    Benzodiazepine
  2. Trade name
    Valium®
  3. Description
    • Thought to act on the subcortical levels of the brain, notably the limbic system
    • (responsible for emotions, learning, and long term memory storage), and decrease electrical activity across the motor cortex.
  4. Actions
    Decreases muscle activity, emotional responses, and level of consciousness.
  5. Indications
    • 1. Eradication of grand-mal seizures
    • 2. Sedation prior to cardioversion/pacing
    • 3. Sedation in acute episodes of anxiety
    • 4. Painful tetanic muscle contractions (spasms),
    • particular in the management of orthopedic injuries
  6. Contraindications
    • 1. Hypersensitivity
    • 2. Shock
    • 3. Hypotension
    • 4. Coma
    • 5. Obstetrical patients, and infants <1 mo. old Side
  7. Effects
    • 1. Hypotension
    • 2. Respiratory depression/respiratory arrest
    • 3. Drowsiness, and decreased LOC
    • 4. Nausea/Vomiting
    • 5. Phlebitis at injection site
    • 6. Dizziness
  8. Administration
    • Adult: 5-10 mg IV/IM for seizures, cardioversion and transcutaneous pacing.
    • 2-5 mg IM for anxiety.
    • Peds: .2-.5mg/kg IV/IM/Rectal.
  9. Onset/duration
    1-5 min. IV with duration 15-60 min. 15-30 min IM with more erratic absorption, and longer duration.

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