American History to 1865

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Author:
tylerj
ID:
93438
Filename:
American History to 1865
Updated:
2011-07-09 18:52:22
Tags:
American History Presidents civil war
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Description:
Flashcards to review basic American history up to the end of the civil war
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  1. What year do Spanish colonize St Augustine, FL
    1565
  2. Jamestown
    • First English settlement in new world
    • Est. 1607
    • Coast of Virginia
  3. What year do French establish Quebec?
    1608
  4. First Blacks arrive in America
    1619
  5. What was the last of the original colonies to be established?
    Georgia
  6. What year did Georgia become a colony?
    1733
  7. French & Indian War
    • 1763
    • British and Americans cooperate to defeat France/Indians
  8. Year of Declaration of Independence?
    1776
  9. American Revolution
    Lasted from 1775 to 1783
  10. Year in which Britain recognizes America's independence?
    1783
  11. Articles of Confederation
    • 1781 to 1789
    • Lacked strength of Constitution
  12. U.S Constitution
    Written in 1789
  13. George Washington
    • President from 1789 to 1796
    • From Virginia
    • Independent
  14. Cotton Gin
    • Made cotton an important crop
    • Invented by Eli Whitney
    • In the year 1800
  15. John Adams
    • President from 1796 to 1800
    • Second president
    • Only Federalist President
    • From Massachusetts
  16. Louisiana Purchase
    • 1803
    • Bought huge amount of land from France by Jefferson to:
    • secure port of New Orleans
    • Secure trade along Mississippi
    • keep France from blocking U.S expansion
  17. Napoleon
    French leader who signed the Louisiana Purchase to the U.S
  18. Lewis & Clark Expedition
    • 1804 to 1806
    • Traveled on the Missouri river from St. Louis, MO until it reached the rockies
    • Spent winter in Oregon
    • Reached Pacific Ocean in the spring
  19. Treaty to Buy Florida
    • 1819
    • Bought from Spain
    • Photography is invented same year
  20. Oregon Country
    • Purchased from Great Britain in 1846
    • Included present day Idaho, Oregon, and Washington
    • Northern boundary was the 49th parallel
  21. Alaska
    Admitted in 1868
  22. Gadsden Purchase
    • Purchased from Mexico in 1853
    • The land was needed for a Transcontinental railroad
    • Purchased by Franklin Pierce
  23. Great Britain
    • Contains:
    • England
    • Ireland
    • Whales
    • Scotland
  24. Franklin D. Roosevelt
    Only American president elected to more than 2 terms
  25. Thomas Jefferson
    • President from 1800 to 1808
    • Established the 2 term tradition
    • First resident of White House
    • Negotiated LA Purchase
    • Sent Lewis & Clark Expedition
    • Democratic-Republican
  26. Whig Party
    • Opposed slavery
    • Opposed tariffs from Britain
    • Lasted 20 years from 1830s to 1850s
    • Replaced by Republican party
  27. James Madison
    • President from 1808 to 1816
    • From Virginia
    • Father of the Constitution
    • Led nation into War of 1812
    • Democratic- Republican
  28. James Monroe
    • President from 1816 to 1824
    • From Virginia
    • Democratic-Republican
    • First president after a depression
  29. John Quincey Adams
    • President for 1 term from 1824 to 1828
    • From Massachusetts
    • Democratic-Republican
  30. Andrew Jackson
    • President from 1828 to 1836
    • From Tennessee
    • Hero of War of 1812
    • Defeated British at Battle of New Orleans
    • Defeated Indians at Battle of Horseshoe Bend
    • First Democrat and first uneducated
    • Responsible for Indian Removal Act
    • Known as "Old Hickory"
  31. Martin Van Buren
    • President from 1836 to 1840
    • Democrat
    • Initiated War for Texas' Independence 1836
    • First President from New York
  32. William Henry Harrison
    • President for one year in 1840
    • Died in office
    • Whig
    • From Virginia
    • Known as "Tippecanoe"
  33. John Tyler
    • President from 1840 to 1844
    • Whig but was kicked out
    • From Virginia
    • Entire cabinet except for one person quit
  34. James Polk
    • President from 1844 to 1848
    • From North Carolina
    • Democrat
    • Admitted Texas 1845
    • Obtained Oregon country in 1846
    • President during Mexican War 1846 to 1848
  35. Mexican War
    • Lasted from 1846 to 1848
    • By winning, the U.S acquired a great deal of Land
    • Training for Civil War soldiers
    • Revived issue of slavery
    • Famous Battle was:
    • Battle of The Alamo
  36. Zachary Taylor
    • President from 1848 to 1850
    • Whig
    • From Virginia
    • Fought During Mexican War
    • Won Battle of New Orleans
    • Last president to hold slaves
    • Died in office
  37. Henry Clay
    • Member of Whig party
    • Ran for president four times
    • Never won
    • Opponent of Zachary Taylor
  38. Millard Fillmore
    • President from 1850 to 1852
    • From New York
    • Last member of Whig Party
    • President after Taylor's death
    • Opposed slavery not being allowed in the West
  39. Franklin Pierce
    • President from 1852 to 1856
    • Democrat
    • Appointed Jefferson Davis and other southerners
    • Responsible for Gadsden Purchase
    • "doughface"
    • From New Hampshire
    • one of the worst presidents
  40. James Buchanan
    • President from 1856 to 1860
    • Only president from Pennsylvania
    • Democrat
    • "doughface"
    • South seceded at the end of his term
  41. Abraham Lincoln
    • President from 1860 to 1865
    • From Illinois
    • Republican
    • Said he would not interfere with slavery where it now exists at 1st inauguration
    • Issued Emancipation Proclamation
    • Initiated Homestead Act of 1863
  42. Immigrant specialties
    • Scots- Livestock
    • Irish- Livestock
    • Spanish- Horse and cattle
    • German- Farmers
    • Africans- Farmers
  43. Log Cabin
    • Brought to America by Scandanavian Swedes who lived in Pennsylvania
    • Single cabin called a single pin, double called double pin
    • Area between dogtrot
  44. This man made rifles
    Henry Hawkins
  45. Who did horses in America come from
    The Spanish
  46. Gettysburg Address
    By Lincoln follow victory at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
  47. CSA
    • Met in Birmingham to form Const.
    • Raised army and took over Federal Institutions
    • President Jefferson Davis
  48. What state was the first to secede from the Union?
    South Carolina
  49. What issue kept the first continental railroad from reaching completion until 1869?
    slavery
  50. Steamboat
    • 1810
    • Helped in transferring goods on waterways
  51. First University
    • Harvard
    • 1636
  52. State known as Indian Territory
    Oklahoma
  53. 1830
    • Year of first railroad
    • Abolition Crusade!
  54. 1840
    • Potato Famine
    • Catholics migrate from Ireland
    • Telegraph invented
  55. California
    • Gold Rush in 1849
    • Admitted in 1850
  56. Republican Party
    • 1854
    • Opposed Slavery
    • Appealed to Immigrants
    • Helped Big Business
  57. CIVIL WAR
    • First battle is Fort Sumpter in Charleston
    • Major Battles:
    • Antietam- Bloodiest day in U.S history, Sharpsburg, Maryland, 23,000 casualties
    • Gettysburg- most famous, north won, Pennsylvania
  58. Countries with settlements in the Americas
    • Spain
    • France
    • England
    • Holland
  59. 4 railroads before civil war
    • Northern Pacific
    • Southern Pacific
    • Union Pacific
    • Canadian Pacific
  60. 2 Trails out of St. Louis
    • Sante Fe-packhorse
    • Oregon-wagon
  61. Nobility in G.B
    • King George
    • Queen Victoria
  62. Battle Names
    • South named them for towns
    • North for landmarks
  63. 1st bridge across Mississippi
    EADS Bridge
  64. Cumberland Gap
    Gap in Appalachian Mountains where the states of Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee meet
  65. Presidents' houses
    • Mt. Vernon- George Washington in Virginia
    • Monticello- Thomas Jefferson in Virginia
    • Hermitage- Andrew Jackson in Tennessee
  66. Mohawk Gap
    Located in Pennsylvania
  67. Population Statistics
    • 30 million in 1860
    • Afro-Americans currently 13% of tot. pop.
  68. U.S Represenatives
    Determined by a State's Population
  69. Constitutional Convention
    Took place in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  70. Pennsylvania
    • Home state of Martin Van Buren, Alexander Hamilton, and Millard Fillmore
    • Location of Mohawk Gap
    • Touches Great Lakes
    • Location of Constitutional Convention of 1787 in Philadelphia
  71. Niagara Falls
    • Located in New York
    • Connects Lake Ontario to Lake Erie

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