A rigid stretcher commonly used in technical and water rescues that surrounds and supports the patient yet allows water to drain through holes in the bottom. Also called a Stokes litter.
A move in which the patient is dragged or pulled from a dangerous scene before initial assessment and care are provided.
A device that is used to provide support to a patient who is suspected of having a hip, pelvic, spinal, or lower extremity injury. Also called a spine board, trauma board, or longboard.
A stretcher that is designed to be split into two or four sections that can be fitted around a patient who is lying on the ground or other relatively flat surface; also called a split litter.
A lightweight folding device that is used to carry a conscious, seated patient up or down stairs.
A specially designed stretcher that can be rolled along the ground. A collapsible undercarriage allows it to be loaded into the ambulance. Also called the cot or an ambulance cot.
Wheeled ambulance stretcher
A lifting technique in which the EMT-B''s back is held upright, with legs bent, and the patient is lifted when the EMT-B straightens the legs to raise the upper body and arms.
A carrying technique in which one EMT-B is located at the head end, one at the foot end, and one at each side of the patient; each of the two EMT-Bs at the sides uses one hand to support the stretcher so that all are able to face forward as they walk.
A stretcher that is a rigid carrying device when secured around a patient but can be folded or rolled when not in use.
A stretcher with a strong rectangular tubular metal frame and rigid fabric stretched across it.
A lifting technique that is used for patients who are supine or in a sitting position with no suspected extremity or spinal injuries.
A technique in which the litter or backboard is gripped by inserting each hand under the handle with the palm facing up and the thumb extended, fully supporting the underside of the handle on the curved palm with the fingers and thumb.
A technique to move a patient from a sitting position inside a vehicle to supine on a backboard in less than 1 minute when conditions do not allow for standard immobilization.
rapid extraction technique
A lifting technique that is used for patients who are found lying supine on the ground with no suspected spinal injury.