Embalming Week 9

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rfisher
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93593
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Embalming Week 9
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2011-07-10 22:27:29
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Embalming Week
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Embalming Week 9
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  1. a governmental agency with the responsibility for regulation and enforcement of safety and health matters for most united states emploees; an individual state osha agency may supercede the us department of labor osha regulations
    occupational safety and health administration/ osha
  2. injection and drainage from one location
    one point injection
  3. any and all techniques to treat a problem area; excision, incision, wicking
    operative corrections
  4. an optical instrument with an accompanying light that makes it possible to examine the retina and to explore for blood circulation
    ophthalmoscope
  5. the most favorable condition for functioning
    optimum
  6. the mouth and the vestibule, or the opening to the throat
    oral cavity
  7. the passage of solvent from a solution of lesser to one of greater solute concentration when the two solutions are separated by a semipermeable membrane
    osmosis
  8. embalming instrument used in filling the external orifices of the body
    packing forceps
  9. to examine by touch
    palpate
  10. incision on the surface of the skin to raise the common carotid arteries. it is made along the posterior border of the inferior one-third of the sternocleidomastoid muscle
    parallel incision
  11. piercing mucous membranes or the skin barrier through such events as needlesticks, human bites, cuts and abrasions
    parenteral
  12. in contaminated air, the parts of vapor or gas (formaldehyde) per million parts of air by volume; in solution the parts of chemical per million parts of solution
    parts per million/ppm
  13. antemortem discoloration that occurs during the course of certain diseases; gangrene and jaundice
    pathological discoloration
  14. substance able to destroy lice
    pediculicide
  15. effected through unbroken skin
    percutaneous
  16. chemicals found in embalming arterial formulations having the capability of displacing an unpleasant odor or of altering an unpleasant odor so that it is converted to a more pleasant one
    perfuming agents (masking agents)
  17. to force a fluid through (an organ or tissue), especially by the way of the blood vessels; injection during vascular (arterial) embalming
    perfusion
  18. inflammation of the peritoneum, the membranous coat lining the abdominal cavity and investing the viscera
    peritonitis
  19. the maximum legal limits established by osha for regulated substances. these are based on employee exposure that are time-weighted over an eight-hour work shift. when these limits are exceeded, employers must take proper steps to reduce employee exposure. for formaldehyde, the PEL is .75ppm
    permissible exposure limit/ PEL
  20. those items of protection worn to minimize exposure to hazards; those items worn by the embalmer to avoid contact with blood and other body fluids
    personal protective equipment/ PPE
  21. antemortum, pinpoint, extravascular blood discoloration visible as purplish hemorrhages of the skin
    petechia
  22. drugs or medicines
    pharmaceutical agents
  23. condition in which interstitial spaces contain such excessive amounts of fluid that the skin remains depressed after palpation
    pitting edema
  24. preparation room equipment for properly positioning bodies prior to, during, and after vascular embalming
    positioning devices
  25. toward the back
    posterior
  26. established by drawing a line along the fold of skin which envelops the lateral border of the latissimus dorsi muscle
    posterior boundary
  27. period that begins after somatic death
    postmortem
  28. the rise in temperature after death due to continued cellular metabolism
    postmortem caloricity
  29. see autopsy
    postmortem examination
  30. a change in the form or state of matter without any change in chemical composition
    postmortem physical changes
  31. extravascular color change that occurs when heme, released by hemolysis of red blood cells, seeps through the vessel walls and into the body tissues
    postmortem stain
  32. degree of acidity or alkalinity. the scale ranges from 0 to 14, 0 being completely acid, 14 completely basic, and 7 neutral. blood has a pH of 7.35-7.45
    potential of hydrogen/pH
  33. the pressure indicated by the injector gauge needle when the injector motor is running and the arterial tubing is clamped off
    potential pressure
  34. a substance bringing about precipitation. the oxilates formerly used in water conditioning chemicals are now illegal because of the poisonous nature to the embalmer
    precipitant
  35. fluid injected primarily to prepare the vascular system and body tissues for the injection of the preservative vascular (arterial) solution. this solution is injected before the preservative vascular solution is injected.
    preinjection fluid
  36. that area or facility wherein embalming, dressing, cosmetizing, or other body preparation are effected
    preparation room
  37. (see temporary preservation) the science of treating the body chemically so as to temporarily inhibit decomposition
    preservation
  38. chemicals which inactivate saprophytic bacteria, render unsuitable for nutrition the media upon which such bacteria thrive, and which will arrest decomposition by altering enzymes and lysins of the body as well as converting the decomposable tissue to a form less susceptible to decomposition
    preservative
  39. amount of preservative (formaldehyde) required to effectively preserve remains depends on the condition of the tissues as determined in the embalming analysis
    preservative deman (formaldehyde demand)
  40. chemical in powder form; typically used for surface embalming of the remains
    preservative powder
  41. the action of a force against an opposing force (a force applied or acting against resistance)
    pressure
  42. positive intravascular pressure causing passage of embalming solution through the capillary wall to diffuse with the interstitial fluids; causing passage of embalming fluid from an intravascular to an extravascular position
    pressure filtration
  43. the dilution attained as the embalming solution is mixed in the embalming machine
    primary dilution
  44. disinfection carried out prior to the embalming process
    primary disinfection
  45. the recovery of organs or tissues from a cadaver for transplantation purposes
    procurement
  46. projection of the jaw or jaws that may cause problems with mouth closure and alignment of the teeth
    prognathism
  47. organic compound found in plants and animals; can be broken down into amino acids
    protein
  48. decomposition of proteins
    proteolysis
  49. any one of a group of nitrogenous organic compouinds formed by the action of putrefactive bacteria on proteins; indole, skatole, cadaverine, and putrescine
    ptomaine
  50. the fibrocartilage that joins the two pubic bones in the median plane
    pubic symphysis
  51. postmortem evacuation of any substance from an external orifice of the body as a result of pressure
    purge
  52. liquid product of inflammation containing various proteins and leukocytes
    pus
  53. characteristic pus-filled structure of a disease, such as smallpox, syphilis, and acne
    pustular lesion
  54. decomposition of proteins by the action of enzymes from anaerobic bacteria
    putrefaction
  55. the supervisor, in an institution licensed to use radionuclides, that has the responsibility to establish procedures and make recommendations in the use of all radioactive matter
    radiation protection officer
  56. a chemical element that is similar in chemical properties to another element, but differs in atomic weight and electric charge and emits radiation. an atom that disintegrates by emission of electromagnetic radiation
    radionuclide
  57. speed at which solution is injected; measured in ounces per minute
    rate of flow
  58. a mark of desiccation
    razor burn (razor abrasion)
  59. repeated aspiration of a cavity
    reaspiration
  60. substance that easily loses electrons and there-by causes other substances to be reduced; formaldehyde is a strong reducing agent
    reducing agent
  61. an amorphous, nonvolatile solid or soft side substance, a natural exudation form plants. any of a class of solid or soft organic compounds of natural or synthetic origin
    resinous substance
  62. see intermittent and alternate drainage
    restricted drainage
  63. treatment of the deceased in the attempt to recreate natural form and color
    restoration
  64. supplemental fluid, used with the regular arterial solution whose purpose is to retain body moiisture and retard dehydration
    restorative fluid (humectant)
  65. method of injection wherein both common carotid arteries are raised
    restricted cervical injection

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