Medical Terminology II

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Medical Terminology II
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2011-07-11 15:40:33
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Medical Terminology II
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  1. Articulation
    Place of union between two or more bones; also called joint.
  2. Cancellous
    Spongy or porous structure, as found at the ends of long bones.
  3. Cruciate ligaments
    Ligaments that cross each other forming an X within the notch between the femoral condyles.
  4. Hematopoises
    Production and development of blood cells, normally in the bone marrow.
  5. Adduction
    Moves closer to the midline
  6. Abduction
    Moves away from the midline.
  7. Flexion
    Decreases the angle of a joint.
  8. Extension
    Increases the angle of a joint.
  9. Rotation
    Moves a bone around its own axis.
  10. Pronation
    Palms down
  11. Supination
    Palms up
  12. Inversion
    Moves the sole of the foot inward
  13. Eversion
    Moves the sole of the foot outward
  14. Dorsiflextion
    Elevates the foot
  15. Plantar flexion
    Lowers the foot (points toes)
  16. Ankyl/o
    Stiffness, bent, crooked
  17. Arthr/o
    Joint
  18. Kyph/o
    Humpback
  19. Lord/o
    Curve, swayback
  20. Myel/o
    Bone marrow; spinal cord
  21. Orth/o
    Straight
  22. Oste/o
    Bone
  23. Ped/o, pedi/o
    Foot; child
  24. Scoli/o
    Crooked, bent
  25. Brachi/o
    Arm
  26. Calcane/o
    Calcaneum (heel bone)
  27. Carp/o
    Carpus (wrist bone)
  28. Cephal/o
    Head
  29. Clavicul/o
    Clavicle (collar bone)
  30. Cost/o
    Ribs
  31. Carni/o
    Cranium (skull)
  32. Dactyl/o
    Fingers; toes
  33. Femor/o
    Femur (thigh bone)
  34. Fibul/o
    Fibula (smaller bone of the lower leg)
  35. Humer/o
    Humerus (upper arm bone)
  36. Ischi/o
    Ischium (lower portion of hip bone)
  37. Metacarp/o
    Metacarpus (hand bone)
  38. Metatars/o
    Metatarsus (foot bones)
  39. Patell/o
    Patella (kneecap)
  40. Pelv/i
    Pelvis
  41. Phalang/o
    Phalanges (bones of the fingers and toes)
  42. Pod/o
    Foot
  43. Pub/o
    Pelvis bone
  44. Spondyl/o, vertebr/o
    Vertebrae (backbone)
  45. Stern/o
    Sternum (breastbone)
  46. Tibi/o
    Tibia (larger bone of the lower leg)
  47. Leiomy/o
    Smooth musch (visceral)
  48. Muscul/o, my/o
    Muscle
  49. Rhabd/o
    Rod-shaped (striated)
  50. Rhabdomy/o
    Rod shapes (striated muscle)
  51. Fasci/o
    Band, fascia (fibrous membrane supporting and separating muscles)
  52. Fibr/o
    Fiber, fibrous tissue
  53. Synov/o
    Synovial membrane, synovial fluid
  54. Ten/o, Tend/o, Tendin/o
    Tendon
  55. -asthenia
    Weakness, debility
  56. -clasia
    To break; surgical fracture
  57. -clast
    To break
  58. -physis
    Growth
  59. -porosis
    Porous
  60. Claudication
    Lameness, limping
  61. Contracture
    Fibrosis connective tissue in the skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of the related tissue and joint.
  62. Crepitation
    Dry, grating sound or sensation caused by bone ends rubbing together, indicating a fracture or joint destruction.
  63. Electromyography
    Use of electical stimulation to record the strength of muscle contraction.
  64. Exacerbation
    Increase in severity of a disease or any of its symptoms.
  65. Ganglion cyst
    Tumor of tendon sheath or joint capsule, commonly found in the wrist.
  66. Hemarthrosis
    Effusion of blood into a joint cavity.
  67. Hypotonia
    Loss of muscular tone or a diminished resistance to passive stretching.
  68. Multiple myeloma
    Primary malignant tumor that infiltrates the bone and red bone marrow.
  69. Osteophyte
    Bonly outgrowth that occasionally develops on the vertebra and may exert pressure on the spinal cord also called bone spur.
  70. Rickets
    Form of osteomalacia in children caused by vitamin D deficiency.
  71. Sequestrum
    Fragment of necrosed bone that has become separated from surrounding tissue.
  72. Spondylolisthesis
    Any slipping (subluxation) of a vertebra from its normal position in relationship to the one beneath it.
  73. Sprain
    Tearing of ligament tissue that may be slight, moderate, or complete.
  74. Subluxation
    Partial or incomple dislocation
  75. Open reduction
    Closed reduction
    • Procedure that restores a bone to its normal position by manipulation rather than by surgery.
    • Reduction procedure that treats bone fractures by placing the bones in their proper position using surgery.
  76. Arthrocentesis
    Puncture of a joint space using a needle to remove accumulated fluid.
  77. Arthroclasia
    Surgical breaking of an ankylosed joint to provide movement.
  78. Filtrate
    Fluid that passes from the blood through the capillary walls of the plomeruli of the kidney.
  79. Nitrogenous wastes
    Products of cellular metabolism that contain nitrogen.
  80. Peritoneum
    Perous membrance that lines the abdominopelvis cavity and covers most of the organs within the cavity.
  81. Plasma
    Liquid portion of blood, composed primarily of water (90%), and containing dissolved proteins, nutrients, lipids, and various waste products.
  82. Cyst/o, vesic/o
    Bladder
  83. Glomerul/o
    Glomerulus
  84. Meat/o
    Opening, meatus
  85. Nephr/o, ren/o
    Kidney
  86. Pyel/o
    Renal pelvis
  87. Ur/o
    Urine, urinary tract
  88. Ureter/o
    Ureter
  89. Urethr/o
    Urethra
  90. Andr/o
    Male
  91. Orch/o
    Testis
  92. Perine/o
    Perineum (area between scrotum (or vulva in the female) and anus)
  93. Prostat/o
    Prostate gland
  94. Varic/o
    Dilated vein
  95. Vas/o
    Vessel
  96. Albumin/o
    Albumin, protein
  97. Azot/o
    Nitrogenous compounds
  98. Crytp/o
    Hidden
  99. Kal/i
    Potassium
  100. Keton/o
    Ketone bodies
  101. Noct/o
    Night
  102. Py/o
    Pus
  103. -cide
    Killing
  104. -spadias
    Slit, fissure
  105. -uria
    Urine
  106. Retro-
    Backward, behind
  107. Anuria
    Absense of uring production or urinary output
  108. Azotemia
    Retention of excessive amounts of nitrogenous compounds in the blood; also called uremia.
  109. Dysuria
    Painful or difficult urination, commonly described as a "burning sensation" while urinating.
  110. Enuresis
    Involuntary discharge of urine; also called incontinence.
  111. Fistula
    Abnormal passage from a hollow organ to the surface or from one organ to another.
  112. Nephrotic syndrom
    Loss of large amounts of plasma protein, usually albumin by way of urine due to increased permeability of the glomerular membrane.
  113. Nocturia
    Excessive or frequent urination after going to bed.
  114. Oliguria
    Diminished capacity to form and pass urine, resulting in inefficient exretion of the end products of metabolism

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